Operational Guidance Note: Market Systems Development
Poor people interact with markets as buyers, sellers and workers. Donors can help reduce poverty by facilitating changes that make markets function more effectively, sustainably and beneficially for the poor. This is known as 'markets systems development'. While the approach can be applied in any sector, it is especially relevant in agriculture given the majority of the poor live in rural areas.
Australia's 2014 development policy highlights the importance of private sector development – including better functioning markets – in contributing to prosperity, poverty reduction and stability. The Strategy for Australia's aid investments in agriculture, fisheries and water (February 2015) identifies 'strengthening markets' as one of three priority areas of engagement. This Guidance Note is intended to support DFAT staff tasked with designing and managing market systems development programs.
Operational Guidance Note: Gender Equality and Women's Economic Empowerment in Agriculture
Women comprise about 43 per cent of the agricultural labour force in developing countries. FAO estimates that if women globally had the same access to productive resources as men, they could increase the yields on their farms by 20-30 per cent thereby increasing incomes and decreasing hunger.
Australia's 2014 development policy identifies gender equality and empowering women and girls as one of Australia's six aid investment priorities. Australia's investments in the agriculture sector present opportunities to empower women and seek gender equality outcomes. This document sits under the Strategy for Australia's aid investments in agriculture, fisheries and water (February 2015) to provide sector-specific guidance to support DFAT activity managers to integrate gender equality and women's economic empowerment in agriculture investments.
Operational Guidance Note: Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture
Malnutrition is a key development challenge. Undernutrition contributes to 45% of child deaths under-five, resulting in 3.1 million deaths every year. 1.4 billion people are now overweight and over 500 million are obese. The agriculture sector has the potential to improve nutrition and health outcomes.
Australia's 2014 development policy identifies early childhood nutrition as 'a critical driver of better development outcomes'. It commits Australia's agriculture investments to enhancing global food security and nutrition. This document sits under the Strategy for Australia's aid investments in agriculture, fisheries and water (February 2015) to support DFAT activity managers to integrate nutrition considerations in agricultural programming.