Ausaid Annual Report
2012–13

australian agency for international development
  • Two women in AusAID branded t-shirts smile from a sunny yard outside a wooden building. One carries a colourful, flower-patterned bag.

Glossary

Accountability

Obligation to demonstrate that work has been conducted in compliance with agreed rules and standards

Additional estimates

Where amounts appropriated at budget time are insufficient, Parliament may approve more funds to agencies through the Additional Estimates Appropriation Acts

Agency

Agencies are departments of state, departments of the Parliament and 'prescribed agencies' for the purposes of the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997

Alignment

Donors base their overall support on partner countries' national development strategies, institutions and processes (Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness)

Bilateral aid

A non-commercial resource flow from the government (or other public sector institutions) of one country which benefits the economic and social development of the population of a developing country, or identifiable group of developing countries

Capacity development

To build the abilities of countries to manage their own future

Civil society

Voluntary organisations and institutions that form the basis of a functioning society, as opposed to the structures of state and commercial institutions

Community development

The long-term process in which people living in poverty are empowered by working with civic leaders, activists, professionals and aid providers to identify their needs and develop skills to improve the quality of their lives and their communities. Includes community programs and projects that respond to development challenges and opportunities

Corporate governance

The process by which agencies are directed and controlled. It encompasses authority, accountability, stewardship, leadership, direction and control

Development

A long-term plan to improve the situation of people living in developing countries, which may include projects around poverty reduction, governance, health care and education. It differs from disaster relief or humanitarian aid, which responds to a specific crisis

Development Assistance Committee

A committee of the member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development through which those countries coordinate and report on their national aid programs, and participate in international discussion and agreement on the principles and practices of aid policy and delivery

Effectiveness

Improving the way aid is delivered and managed to ensure it has the maximum positive impact on the lives of those it is intended for

Fragile states

Countries with weak governance, failing public institutions, instability or conflict. Also known as low income countries under stress

Green growth

A policy focus for the Asia–Pacific region that emphasises environmentally sustainable economic progress to foster low-carbon, socially inclusive development

Gross domestic product per capita (PPP)

The monetary value of all goods and services produced within a nation. Gross domestic product (PPP) is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over gross domestic product as the US dollar has in the United States.

Gross national income per capita (PPP)

The monetary value of national income divided by the mid-year population of the country. Gross national income (PPP) is gross national income converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over gross national income as a US dollar has in the United States. Gross national income is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad

G20

Premier forum for international cooperation on the most important issues of the global economic and financial agenda

g7+

A voluntary association of countries that are or have been affected by conflict and are now in transition to the next stage of development who share experiences and learn from one another, and advocate for reforms to the way the international community engages in conflict-affected states

Harmonisation

Activities are harmonised when different donors adopt the same actions to ensure greater effectiveness and transparency

Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative

Launched in 1996 by the International Monetary Fund and World Bank to ensure no poor country faces a debt burden it cannot manage

Human Development Index

A summary of human development in a country that measures the average achievements of people along three dimensions: living a long and healthy life, measured by life expectancy at birth; being knowledgeable, measured by a combination of the adult literacy rate and the combined enrolment ratio in primary, secondary, and tertiary education; and having access to a decent standard of living, measured by an index of income per capita

Inclusive development

Development that involves all groups of people who contribute to creating opportunities, share the benefits of development and participate in decision-making

Key performance indicators

Annual program performance targets that are outlined in the Foreign Affairs and Trade Portfolio Budget Statements for the coming financial year

Memorandum of understanding

A document outlining the terms and details of a
non-binding agreement between parties including each party's requirements and responsibilities

Microcredit

Small, collateral free loans to the very poor for self-employment

Microfinance

Financial services for poor people such as credit, savings and insurance

Millennium Development Goals

Eight goals drawn from the United Nations Millennium Declaration of September 2000 to fight against poverty, illiteracy, hunger, lack of education, gender inequality, child and maternal mortality, disease and environmental degradation by the target date of 2015

Multilateral agencies

International institutions with governmental membership that conduct all or most of their activities in favour of development and aid recipient countries. They include multilateral development banks, United Nations agencies and regional groupings

Multilateral aid

When a number of countries contribute aid for the benefit of other countries. International organisations that pool, coordinate and disburse this aid include the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Children's Fund and the World Food Programme

Mutual accountability

All parties involved in the partnership have responsibility for delivering agreed outcomes and results

O-based

AusAID O-based staff are employees who have been engaged locally at overseas posts under section 74 of the Public Service Act 1999

Official development assistance

Grants, loans, goods and services given by the government of a country (any level) to assist the progress of developing countries

Owner-driven model

Developing countries set their own strategies for poverty reduction

Portfolio Budget Statement

Informs the public and Parliament of the proposed allocation of resources by program to achieve the agency's outcomes

Risk management

The culture, frameworks and structures that are directed towards the effective management of potential opportunities and adverse effects

Sector-wide approach

An approach operating at the level of an entire sector

Sustainable development

Improves total quality of life without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Done in a way that balances the environmental, economic and social factors

Transboundary

Crossing a provincial, territorial or national boundary or border

Transparency

Being open with information about Australia's aid program, sharing information in a timely fashion and in an accessible format, being responsive to feedback, and allowing information to be re-used by others

United Nations

Global association of governments facilitating cooperation in international law, security, economic development and social equity