The Australian continent is a unique land, full of contrasts. It is the earth's biggest island and the sixth-biggest country in the world in land area. Australia is the only nation to govern an entire continent.
Today, Australia is a stable, democratic, culturally diverse nation with a skilled workforce and a strong, competitive economy.
Australia in brief provides an authoritative overview of Australia's history, the land, its people and their way of life. It also looks at Australia's economic, scientific and cultural achievements and its foreign, trade and defence policies.
Australia: brief facts
|Surface area||7,692,024 sq. kms (2,969,907 sq. miles)|
|Population||23 million (2013)|
|Currency||Australian dollar (AUD)|
|GDP per capita||A$65,305 (2013)|
|Workforce||11.5 million (2012)|
|Unemployment rate||5.1 per cent (2012)|
|Inflation rate||1.6 per cent (2012)|
|Value of exports of goods and services||A$313,255,000,000 (2011)|
|Australia's main import sources||China, United States, Japan, Singapore,
|Australia's main export destinations||China, Japan, Republic of Korea, India,
United States (2011)
|National day||Australia Day: 26 January|
|Time||Eastern: GMT+10hrs, Central: GMT+9.5hrs,
|Households with internet access||79 per cent (2010–11)|
|Overseas visitors||5,875,000 (2011)|
|International students||426,748 (2011)|
|Highest point above sea level||Mount Kosciuszko: 2,228 metres (7,309 feet)|
|Lowest point below sea level||Lake Eyre: 15 metres below (49 feet)|
Imprint and copyright information
This is the 49th edition of Australia in brief, revised and updated in July 2012.
The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade is grateful for assistance from other government departments and agencies, and various private organisations who have licensed the use of photos and the map.
Money values are given in Australian dollars. Weights and measures are metric and imperial.
With the exception of the Commonwealth Coat of Arms and where otherwise noted, such as copyrighted images, this booklet is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/
The booklet should be attributed as Australia in brief, Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
ISSN 2201-2362 (online)
Use of the Coat of Arms
The terms under which the Coat of Arms can be used are detailed on the 'It's an Honour' website http://www.itsanhonour.gov.au/coat-arms/index.cfm
Inquiries regarding the licence and any use of the booklet are welcome at:
Public Diplomacy Branch
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
R G Casey Building
John McEwen Crescent
Barton ACT 0221 Australia
Telephone +61 2 6261 1111
Inquiries regarding the licensing of images should be directed to the individual copyright holders.