Community-based Climate Change Action Grants
$34 million, 2011-2016
The Community-based Climate Change Action Grants Program is supporting Australian and international non-government organisations (NGOs) to work with local partners in the Pacific and South-East Asia to address climate change and development needs at the community level.
Ten NGOs were successful in securing grant funding under the program. They are implementing projects in Vietnam, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Kiribati, Republic of Marshall Islands and Tonga. Projects are due to be completed by 2015.
In April 2014, Australia hosted a Knowledge and Learning Workshop for NGO partners to coincide with the 8th International Conference on Community-based Adaptation in Nepal. Participants discussed achievements, challenges and lessons – focused on the effective integration of climate change into broader community development programs.
Achievements of these projects at the community level have included:
- increasing water security in the face of increasing drought conditions in the Pinepal Island community in PNG by installing water capture and storage system
- improving the resilience of communities in Vietnam to climate change through the use of new rice varieties which have reduced fertiliser use and greenhouse gas emissions, while improving disease resistance and substantially increasing farmers' profit margins.
Project activities across all regions have already resulted in increased local understanding of climate change and an improved capacity to respond in locally appropriate ways. Increasing knowledge, and ability to act on that knowledge, is crucial building climate resilience. It is vital to ensure that the information communities are accessing is of high quality.
Small Island Developing States Community-based Adaptation (SIDS CBA)
$12 million, 2008-2018
Australia provided $12 million for the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) to implement small-scale community-based climate change adaptation activities through the Global Environment Facility Small Grants Program (GEF SGP). The program is implemented across 42 countries, focusing on Small Island Developing States.
Funds are supporting practical activities that make a real difference to peoples' lives. An example of projects funded to date is:
- On Manono Island in Samoa, the Program is increasing the resilience of coastal communities by upgrading the sea wall to prevent further erosion, providing training in disaster preparedness and response, helping to relocate vulnerable housing and infrastructure to safer areas, constructing a disaster safe house, assisting coral reef reproduction, and developing the potential for eco-tourism.
Coral Triangle Initiative
$13 million, 2012-2017
The Coral Triangle marks an area in South East Asia and the Western Pacific containing the highest diversity of coral species in the world. The region contains 76% of known coral species, 53% of the world's coral reefs, 37% of coral reef fish species and the largest extent of mangroves. The economic outputs provided by this biodiversity are of high importance to the health and livelihoods of the 360 million people in the region, and many more beyond. The Coral Triangle Initiative aims to conserve coral reef ecosystems and support sustainable fisheries, food security, and marine livelihoods objectives. It is both a conservation and a development initiative.
Initiative members are Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands and Timor Leste. This membership supports relationships between a unique blend of Asian and Pacific; and developed, developing and least developed countries. The Initiative is supported by development partners, invited by the members to assist with implementation. Partners are expected to contribute and help mobilise funding support, and provide strategic support towards the governance of the Initiative.
Current Partners are Australia, the United States of America, Asian Development Bank through Global Environment Facility, Conservation International, The Nature Conservancy, and the World Wildlife Fund. This bringing together of bilateral donor nations, civil society organisations, and a multi-lateral organisation provides a unique and innovative platform for collaboration.
The Initiative is focused on implementation of practical actions at regional, national and local levels to improve marine and coastal management. Implementation of the Initiative is guided by a Regional Plan of Action, and National Plans of Action in each country, which also serve as the national marine policy/program of each country. These plans outline goals on marine planning, fisheries management, marine protected areas, climate change adaptation, and threatened species protection.
Australia's support to the Initiative has two objectives:
- The development of the Initiative into an increasingly effective regional forum
- Strengthening national, provincial and local level governance, in order to improve marine planning, management and livelihoods. This includes a focus on delivering tangible biodiversity and human development benefits in selected focus sites.
Our focus sites are in Indonesia, Timor Leste, PNG and Solomon Islands.
Responsible Asia Forestry and Trade
$6 million, 2015-2018
Around 500 million people in the Asia-Pacific region depend on forests for subsistence and income. Illegal logging and corruption undermines community livelihoods and taxation streams of national governments, and contributes to high deforestation rates in the region.
The third phase of the Responsible Asia Forestry and Trade Programme (RAFT 3) aims to reduce tropical deforestation and forest degradation in the Asia-Pacific by 50 per cent by 2020, in line with the Asia-Pacific Rainforest Recovery Plan. RAFT3 brings together the skills and knowledge of conservation organisations to provide capacity building and knowledge sharing services to Asia Pacific countries in support of their efforts to promote trade in responsibly harvested and manufactured wood products.
RAFT3 will work with business, land-owners and regional processors to develop a better understanding of the requirements of certification systems to measure, price and market certified timber and to conduct due diligence for sourcing legally logged timber.
Through supply-side capacity building, technical support and networking opportunities, RAFT partners help bridge the gap between market and policy incentives and current management practices in order to help Asia Pacific suppliers meet the growing demand for verifiably responsible wood products that benefit local and global economies while also preserving the environment and mitigating climate change.
Australia is investing $6m in the initiative over three years. RAFT is implemented by The Nature Conservancy (TNC), the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), The Forest Trust (TFT), the Tropical Forest Foundation (TFF), The Centre for People and Forests (RECOFTC), TRAFFIC – the Wildlife Trade Monitoring Network, and WWF's Global Forest & Trade Network (GFTN).
Climate Risk Early Warning Systems
$5 million 2016-2020
In December 2015, Australia announced a $5 million contribution to the Climate Risk Early Warning Systems (CREWS) initiative. The initiative aims to help protect lives, livelihoods and property in Least-Developed Countries and Small Island Developing States. CREWS will seek to mobilize US$ 100 million by 2020 in order to fill the gaps in existing bilateral and multilateral cooperation programs.
CREWS will use information from existing regional systems to communicate early warnings about multi-hazard events, such as floods and cyclones. By 2020, all relevant Small Island Developing States and Least Developed Countries are expected to have at least moderate early warning system and risk information capacities. Early warning systems and assessments represent one of the most effective investments to reduce the risk of natural disasters. They form an important part of Australia's support to mitigate the impacts of disasters in the Pacific.