The East Asia Summit
The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a regional leaders' forum for strategic dialogue and cooperation on key challenges facing the East Asian region. The EAS is a significant regional grouping with an important role to play in advancing closer regional integration and cooperation at a time of particular dynamism in East Asia. Australia participated, as a founding member, in the inaugural EAS held in Kuala Lumpur on 14 December 2005.
Membership of the EAS comprises the ten ASEAN countries (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam), Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, the Republic of Korea, the United States and Russia. The 18 EAS member countries represent collectively 55 per cent of the world's population, account for almost 55 per cent of global GDP (according to IMF purchasing power parity GDP figures); EAS countries receive more than 74 per cent of Australia's total exports. The centrepiece of the EAS year is an annual leaders' Summit, usually held back-to-back with annual ASEAN leaders' meetings. In addition, a number of ministerial and senior officials' meetings are held during the year to take forward leaders' initiatives.
The Prime Minister attended the 7th EAS, held in Phnom Penh, Cambodia on 20 November 2012. The Summit provided a valuable opportunity for leaders to engage on key strategic, political and economic issues, including maritime security and regional economic integration and its role in the region's economic development. EAS leaders also discussed environment and energy issues, education, finance, global health and pandemic diseases, as well as natural disaster mitigation and ASEAN connectivity. The EAS continues to provide an opportunity for leaders to engage in frank, open discussion on the issues that matter to East Asia, and to set the direction for practical regional cooperation.
The Prime Minister, along with the Minister for Trade and Competitiveness, announced Australia's support for the beginning of negotiations for the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). RCEP brings together the ten ASEAN countries, along with Australia, China, India, Japan, Republic of Korea and New Zealand, and stands to deliver significant opportunities for Australian businesses. The Prime Minister also announced Australia's funding of $50 million for the Australia-Asia Program to combat Trafficking in Persons. The funding will help investigators and prosecutors increase convictions and reduce opportunities for trafficking, as well as support victims of trafficking through the criminal justice process.
The EAS also committed to address malaria, including the emerging public health threat of resistance to antimalarial medicines, acknowledging the significant human costs, potential impact for regional security and wider economic implications, including for trade and tourism. The Prime Minister outlined a commitment of $1 million to support the establishment of an Asia-Pacific Leaders Malaria Alliance to bring countries of the Asia-Pacific together in the fight against malaria. Establishing the Alliance was a priority action from the Australian-hosted conference Malaria2012, and complements this year's EAS leaders' commitment to a regional response to this growing threat, through the Declaration of the EAS on Regional Responses to Malaria Control, and Addressing Resistance to Antimalarial Medicine.
Also at the Seventh EAS, leaders:
- shared views on a range of regional security issues, including on terrorism, non-proliferation, narcotics and transnational crime and welcomed enhanced regional maritime cooperation;
- adopted the Declaration of the 7th East Asia Summit on Regional Responses to Malaria Control and Addressing Resistance to Antimalarial Medicines;
- adopted the Phnom Penh Declaration on EAS Development Initiative;
- reaffirmed their commitment to avoid protectionist measures affecting trade and investment, and to refrain from raising new barriers to investment or trade in goods and services;
- expressed support for continued finance cooperation in the EAS;
- welcomed moves to combat the illicit trade in wildlife, and agreed to explore future cooperation through ASEAN and other relevant bodies;
- supported implementation of the joint Indonesian-Australian initiative to enhance bilateral and multilateral cooperation on disaster management through regional mechanisms;
- expressed strong commitment to further strengthen human resource development in the region, including through implementation of the EAS education Plan of Action agreed by education ministers in July 2012;
- welcomed ASEAN leaders' commitment to strengthen efforts to combat trafficking in persons; looked forward to the further work on environmentally sustainable urban development and climate change adaptation.
East Asia Summit documents
- Chairman's Statement of the 7th East Asia Summit, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 18 November 2012
- Declaration of the East Asia Summit Development Initiative, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 20 November 2012
- Declaration of the East Asia Summit on Regional Responses to Malaria Control and Addressing Resistance to Antimalarial Medicines, Phnom Penh, 20 November 2012
Previous East Asia Summit documents
- Chairman's Statement of the 2nd East Asia Summit Foreign Minister's Meeting, Phnom Penh, Cambodia 12 July 2012
- Joint Media Statement, East Asia Summit Economic Ministers' Meeting, Siem Reap, Cambodia, 30 August 2012
- Joint Media Statement: Informal consultations of the economic ministers of the EAS Participating Countries. 13 August 2011, Manado, Indonesia
- Chairman's Statement of the East Asia Summit Foreign Ministers' consultation [PDF, external site], 22 July 2011, Bali, Indonesia
- Ha Noi Declaration on the commemoration of the Fifth Anniversary of the East Asia Summit, 30 October 2010, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
- Chairman's Statement of the East Asia Summit, 30 October 2010, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
- Joint Media Release of AEM+6 Economic Ministers Working Lunch 2009 [PDF] , 15 August 2009, Bangkok, Thailand
- Chairman's Statement, The East Asia Summit Foreign Ministers Informal Consultations [PDF], 22 July 2009, Phuket, Thailand
- Joint Press Statement of the East Asia Summit on the Global Economic and Financial Crisis [PDF] issued on 3 June 2009
- Chairman's Statement of the 4th East Asia Summit [PDF], Cha-am Hua Hin, Thailand, 25 October 2009
- Cha-am Hua Hin Statement on EAS Disaster Management [PDF], Cha-am Hua Hin, Thailand, 25 October 2009
- Joint Press Statement of the 4th East Asia Summit on the Revival of Nalanda University [PDF], Cha-am Hua Hin, Thailand, 25 October 2009
- Joint Media Statement for the AEM+6 Working Lunch Singapore, 28 August 2008
- Joint Media Statement for the AEM+6 Working Lunch Singapore [PDF], 28 August 2008
- Phase II Report of the Track Two Study Group on Comprehensive Economic Partnership in East Asia (CEPEA) [PDF, 2.6 MB]
- Chairman's Statement of the EAS Foreign Ministers' Informal Consultations, issued by the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Singapore, HE Mr George Yeo, on 22 July 2008 in Singapore
- Chairman's Statement of the Third EAS, issued by the Prime Minister of Singapore, HE Mr Lee Hsien Loong on 21 November 2007 in Singapore.
- Singapore EAS Leaders' Declaration on Climate Change, Energy and the Environment, issued on 21 November 2007 in Singapore.
- Statement on the ROK Hostages in Afghanistan, issued by EAS Foreign Ministers on 31 July 2007 in Manila, the Philippines.
- Joint Ministerial Statement: The First EAS Energy Ministers' Meeting, issued by EAS Energy Ministers on 23 August 2007 in Singapore.
- Chairman's Statement of the Second East Asia Summit, issued by the Philippines' President, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, on 15 January 2007 in Cebu, the Philippines.
- Cebu EAS Leaders' Declaration on East Asian Energy Security, issued on 15 January 2007 in Cebu, the Philippines.
- Chairman's Statement of the First East Asia Summit, issued by the Malaysian Prime Minister, YAB Dato' Seri Abdullah bin Ahmad Badawi, on 14 December 2005 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
- Kuala Lumpur Declaration on the EAS, issued by EAS Leaders on 14 December 2005 in Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia.
- EAS Leaders' Declaration on Avian Influenza Prevention, Control and Response, issued on 14 December 2005 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.