Skip to content
Australian Government - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade

Advancing the interests of Australia and Australians internationally

Australian Government - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade

Advancing the interests of Australia and Australians internationally

Australian Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Office

Annual Report 2000-2001

Output F New Non-Proliferation Regimes

Contribution to development of new and strengthened WMD non-proliferation regimes such as the BWCand FMCT.

Milestone F1

Provision of effective technical support and advice to Australias negotiations for a protocol to strengthen the BWC.

Activities

ASNO continued to provide technical support to DFAT in efforts to negotiate a Protocol to strengthen the BWC. The compliance and verification aspects of the rolling text were analysed by Dr Kylie Brown and the findings presented as part of ASNOs integrated training program in July 2000. ASNO participated in the National Consultative Group and Interdepartmental Committee meetings, and commenced examination of the potential impact of the Chairmans Text on facilities in Australia. ASNO continues to develop a network of contacts with relevant agencies in preparation for eventual entry into force of the Protocol.

Performance Assessment

The Department continues to value ASNOs input towards strengthening the BWC and preparing for eventual implementation, and agreed to fund an additional part-time position in ASNO for continuation of this work. This position will be reviewed in early 2002.

Milestone F2

Effective contribution to national and international discussions on a possible Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty (FMCT).

Activities

Effective and cost-efficient verification will be fundamental to the FMCT regime. An important part of preparation for FMCT negotiations, therefore, is the development of verification concepts to help guide the negotiations to a successful outcome. This is a task of high priority for ASNO.

Since 1995 ASNO has been developing a focused approach, under which verification would be concentrated on enrichment and reprocessing plants, and on separated plutonium and HEU (high enriched uranium) (see pages 73-75 of ASNOs 1999-2000 Annual Report). During the year ASNO further developed, and presented at various international fora, new ideas on basic verification aspects of the FMCTincluding, inter alia, routine and non-routine verification activities, managed access, verification against possible undeclared production activities, and challenge inspection mechanisms. Dr Bragin was an invited panellist in the Geneva Workshop on the FMCT in May 2001 co-sponsored by Australia and Japan.

ASNO has provided assistance to DFAT's International Security Division in the formulation of advice on FMCT for the Australian Delegation in the CD and Australian posts in key capitals, also taking every opportunity during bilateral consultations to promote Australian concepts for an FMCT. Other activities have included publications, presentation of conference papers, and participation in international seminars.

Performance Assessment

ASNOs ideas on a focused FMCT verification regime were presented at several international seminars and conferences where they were well received. ASNO is generally regarded by those engaged in FMCT matters to be at the forefront in the development of practical and effective verification concepts.

ISDvalues ASNO input towards the development of verification arrangements for the FMCT.

Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade