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Australian Government - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade

Advancing the interests of Australia and Australians internationally

Australian Government - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade

Advancing the interests of Australia and Australians internationally

Australian Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Office

Annual Report 1999-2000

Annex C AONM Overseas

Australian Obligated Nuclear Material Overseas

Table 14 Locations and Quantities of AONM as at 31 December 1999

Category

Location

Quantity (tonnes)

Total (tonnes)[26]

 

86,299

Natural Uranium

Canada, Euratom, Japan, ROK, USA

16,590

Uranium in Enrichment Plants

Euratom, Japan, USA

24,518

Depleted Uranium

Euratom, Japan, USA

38,384

Low Enriched Uranium

Canada, Euratom, Japan, ROK, Switzerland, USA

6,672

Irradiated Plutonium

Canada, Euratom, Japan, ROK, Switzerland, USA

47.3

Separated Plutonium

Euratom, Japan

1.6

Thorium

USA

86

 

Table 15 Transfers of AONM during 1999

Process[27]

Quantity Uranium(tonnes)

Transfer Destination

Conversion

1,286

Canada

 

2,578

Euratom

 

2,248

USA

Total transfers between jurisdictions
to conversion plants

6,112

 

Enrichment

830

USA

 

4

Japan

Total transfers between jurisdictions
to enrichment plants

834

 

Fuel fabrication

6

Euratom

 

116

Japan

 

22

USA

 

23

ROK

Total transfers between jurisdictions
to fuel fabrication plants

167

 

Reactor Irradiation

1

Euratom

 

20

Japan

Total transfers between jurisdictions
to reactors
[28]

21

 

[26]. The end-use for all AONM is for the production of electric power in civil nuclear reactors and for related R&D. AONM cannot be used for any military purpose.

In accordance with the relevant agreements, Australias bilateral safeguards agreement partners report on a calendar year basis.

The actual quantities of AONM held in each country, and accounted for by that country pursuant to the relevant agreement with Australia, are considered by ASNOs counterparts to be confidential information. Totals above have been consolidated from annual reports to ASNO from its counterparts.

All quantities are given as tonnes weight of the element uranium, plutonium or thorium. In the case of uranium, the isotope weight of uranium-235 is, for natural uranium 0.711% of the element weight, for depleted uranium 0.20%, and for low enriched uranium in the range 1-5%.

Irradiated plutonium comprises plutonium contained in irradiated power reactor fuel, or plutonium reloaded in a power reactor following reprocessing, but does not include separated plutonium. Plutonium recovered from reprocessing is categorised as separated plutonium until it has been fabricated with uranium as MOX (mixed oxide) fuel and returned to a reactor for further power generation.

There may be minor discrepancies in the above figures due to rounding.

[27]. The above figures are for transfers made during 1999 and do not include transfers made in earlier years. The figures do not include transfers of AONM made within the fuel cycle of a State (or of Euratom), only between jurisdictions.

[28]. There were no transfers of AONM between jurisdictions to reprocessing plants in 1999.

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