ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area snapshot (including Australia)
- GDP: US$4.1 trillion (2013)
- GDP per capita: US$6,263 (2013)
- Population: 653.6 million (2013)
- Trade with Australia: $113.9 billion (2013)
The First Protocol
The First Protocol was signed by Ministers on 26 August 2014. For more information and an invitation for business to provide input please see the News tab.
The Agreement Establishing the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area (AANZFTA) is Australia’s most ambitious trade deal to date. The countries of ASEAN - Brunei, Myanmar, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam - constitute one of the most dynamic economic regions in the world. And what’s more, it’s right on Australia’s doorstep.
AANZFTA is Australia’s first multi-country FTA. It is the first time Australia and New Zealand have been involved jointly in negotiating an FTA with third countries. It is the first time ASEAN has embarked on FTA negotiations covering all sectors including goods, services, investment and intellectual property simultaneously. This makes it the most comprehensive trade agreement that ASEAN has ever negotiated.
AANZFTA will deliver real commercial benefit for Australian exporters and investors.
Key interests and benefits
- Extensive tariff reduction and elimination commitments.
- Regional rules of origin will provide new opportunities for Australian exporters to tap into international supply chains in the region.
- Promotes greater certainty for Australian service suppliers and investors, including through certain legal protections for investment in ASEAN territories.
- Provides a platform for ongoing economic engagement with ASEAN through a range of built-in agendas, economic cooperation projects and business outreach activities.
Map of AANZFTA countries - quick facts
AANZFTA was signed here in February 2007.
ASEAN’s largest economy; the Indonesia-Australia Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement will strengthen economic ties.
Australia's largest single trading partner within ASEAN; a bilateral trade agreement, SAFTA, is in place.
Changes to Importing and Exporting under AANZFTA: Invitation for Public Input
The Minister for Trade and Investment, Mr Andrew Robb, and Ministers from the other eleven Parties to the Agreement Establishing the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area (AANZFTA), signed the First Protocol to Amend AANZFTA in Nay Pyi Taw, Burma, on 26 August 2014.
Media release: Signature of AANZFTA Protocol
The First Protocol to amend AANZFTA will reduce the information requirements imposed on business when completing certificates of origin, simplify the presentation of the Agreement's Rules of Origin, and provide for the use of HS 2012 nomenclature.
The full text of The First Protocol:
- AANZFTA First Protocol [DOCX 2 MB] | [PDF 114 KB]
- AANZFTA First Protocol Appendix 1 [DOCX 56 KB] | [PDF 144 KB]
- AANZFTA First Protocol Appendix 2A [DOCX 75 KB] | [PDF 104 KB]
- AANZFTA First Protocol Appendix 2B [DOCX 68 KB] | [PDF 81 KB]
- AANZFTA First Protocol Appendix 3 [DOCX 20 KB] | [PDF 77 KB]
- AANZFTA First Protocol Appendix 4 [DOCX 930 KB] | [PDF 1.8 MB]
The First Protocol will now be subject to each of the AANZFTA Parties' domestic processes for acceptance of treaties and will enter-into-force only once these processes have been concluded for Australia, New Zealand and at least four members of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN).1
In Australia's case, this will involve the First Protocol being tabled in Parliament for 20 joint sitting days, accompanied by a National Interest Analysis which explains the impact of the proposed treaty action on the national interest. The Joint Standing Committee on Treaties (JSCOT) will invite public submissions on the First Protocol, and may hold public hearings on it, and will present a report to Parliament. Following consideration of the report by the Government, necessary changes to regulation to implement the First Protocol will be introduced.
Changes brought in by The First Protocol will affect all Australian importers and exporters that make use of the tariff commitments under the AANZFTA Agreement. It will also deliver opportunities for business that trade with AANZFTA Parties and have not previously made use of AANZFTA's tariff arrangements.
Attached is an Issues Paper which summarises the First Protocol, explains what it means for business, and invites public input on arrangements for ensuring that the First Protocol is implemented in a manner that is responsive to business needs and facilitates trade.
Meeting of the 6th AANZFTA FTA Joint Committee
The Sixth Meeting of the FTA Joint Committee (FJC) was held in Auckland, New Zealand, from 19-23 May 2014. Representatives from the ten ASEAN Member States, Australia and New Zealand, and staff from the ASEAN Secretariat attended the Meeting, which was co-Chaired by:
- Mr. Greg Andrews, Head of FTA Implementation Unit, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, for New Zealand;
- Ms. Tutiaty Wahab, Deputy Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Brunei Darussalam, on behalf of the ASEAN Member States (AMS); and
- Mr. Michael Mugliston, Special Negotiator, Free Trade Agreement Division, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, for Australia.
Key outcomes from the FJC included an agreed pathway to having the Protocol to Amend the Agreement signed in August 2014, the transposition of HS 2012 tariff schedules completed for all AANZFTA Parties except Vietnam and Burma, support for Australia’s Competition Law Implementation Program, and a positive review of the AANZFTA Economic Cooperation Support Program. Given that all AANZFTA Parties are participating in RCEP negotiations, the meetings agreed to defer AANZFTA’s built-in agenda on reviewing services commitments until 2016 and to extend the investment work program to 2017.
All AANZFTA parties demonstrated a keen desire to keep the Agreement commercially relevant by ensuring its effective implementation. Parties were also conscious of how AANZFTA’s built-in agenda could feed into and support ongoing regional trade negotiations.
October 2013 - Important Notice to Exporters using AANZFTA to Export to Indonesia
Australian exporters have experienced on-going issues with the acceptance of AANZFTA COOs by the Directorate General of Customs and Excise (Indonesian Customs) for claims based on the Wholly Produced or Obtained criterion. Please read the following notice for more information:
ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand FTA (AANZFTA) enters into force for Indonesia
Australia welcomes entry-into-force for Indonesia on 10 January 2012. AANZFTA is now in force for all 12 signatories: Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Myanmar, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
At the inaugural Indonesia-Australia Annual Leaders' meeting, 20 November 2011 in Bali, Indonesia, Prime Minister Gillard and President Yudhoyono stated in their Joint Communique, “Great potential exists to promote trade and investment links between the two economies — the two largest in the region. We welcomed the entry into force of the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement and committed to commence negotiations on an Indonesia-Australia Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement at the earliest opportunity”.
More information: ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand FTA
Benefits of Indonesia's entry-into-force
- New South Wales
- Northern Territory
- South Australia
- Western Australia
Meetings of the FTA Joint Committee
Media releases and statements
- Australia’s Largest Free Trade Agreement Starts, 3 January 2010
- Largest Australian Free Trade Agreement to Begin in 2010, 25 October 2009
- Regional Trade Ministers Strengthen Trade and Economic Linkages, 15 August 2009
- Australia concludes Southeast Asia trade deal, Minister for Trade, 28 August 2008
- Joint Media Statement of the 13th AEM-CER Consultations in Singapore, 28 August 2008
Here you can locate the full text of the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement and many other associated official documents.
Full text of the agreement and associated documents
The AANZFTA package signed on 27 February 2009 consists of:
- The text of the Agreement containing provisions on goods and services, investment, temporary movement of natural persons, electronic commerce, intellectual property, economic cooperation as well as competition policy and other issues.
- Schedules of Tariff commitments by each of the twelve Parties, containing reduction and elimination commitments
- A Schedule containing Product Specific Rules of Origin
- Schedules of Specific Services commitments by each of the twelve Parties
- Schedules of temporary Movement of Natural Persons commitments by each of the twelve Parties
- An Implementing Arrangement [PDF 90 KB] containing an agreed Work Program of Economic Cooperation
- A letter [PDF 22 KB] from Australia's Minister for Trade to Vietnam's Minister of Industry and Trade according recognition of Vietnam's Market Economy Status
- A Memorandum of Understanding [PDF 12 KB] on Article 1 (Reduction and/or Elimination of Customs Duties) of the Trade in Goods Chapter relating to general exceptions
- An exchange of letters between Australia's Minister for Trade [PDF 34 KB] and New Zealand's Minister of Trade [PDF 289 KB] on the application of AANZFTA between Australia and New Zealand
For further information, see AANZFTA Fact Sheet - Overview [PDF 202 KB].
The First Protocol
The First Protocol was signed by Ministers on 26 August 2014. For more information and an invitation for business to provide input please see news article Importing and Exporting under AANZFTA: Invitation for Public Input.
Australian Guide to the Agreement
(This Guide outlines AANZFTA obligations. The Guide was prepared by Australian Government officials and does not form part of the Agreement signed by Australian, New Zealand and ASEAN member governments.) Disclaimer
- Australian Guide to AANZFTA [PDF 169 KB]
- Download all of the AANZFTA Fact Sheets [PDF 623 KB]
- AANZFTA Fact Sheets
- Guide to the Chapters
- Guide to the Annexes and Associated Documents
- Background to AANZFTA
Making use of AANZFTA to export or import goods
The following document has been prepared to help exporters and importers to make full use of AANZFTA. It contains practical advice on how to find tariff commitments and Rules of Origin (ROO) requirements for individual products.
The document also explains the requirement to obtain Certificates of Origin (COO) from authorised bodies to claim preferential tariff treatment, the information required for COO, as well as arrangements for authorising bodies to issue COO under AANZFTA.
Also available for download are the:
Australian (and New Zealand) exporters who do not wish to provide FOB information to the issuing authority/body have the option of providing this information separately using an;
The Exporter Declaration form needs to be presented with the COO to the Customs Authority of the importing Party at the time of import declaration.
Review of non-tariff measures
The Trade in Goods Chapter of the Agreement Establishing the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area (AANZFTA) provides for the Trade in Goods Committee to undertake a review of non-tariff measures (NTMs) affecting trade in goods among the Parties, with a view to considering the scope for additional means to enhance the facilitation of trade in goods between the Parties. Submissions from interested persons or groups on issues to be addressed have been invited by DFAT and will still be accepted, although the target date for submissions has passed.
Doing business in ASEAN
The Australian Trade Commission’s (Austrade) AANZFTA website has further information about the agreement.
For more information on doing business with ASEAN Member States, or about specific export opportunities, go to the Austrade website. As well as country-specific information, the Austrade website also provides information on export markets by industry.
Australian importers seeking to access new opportunities under the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand FTA may wish to obtain more information on tariffs, rules of origin and other requirements from the Australian Customs Service.
The Agreement Establishing the ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations)-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area (AANZFTA) was signed by the then Minister for Trade, Simon Crean, and his ASEAN and New Zealand counterparts, on 27 February 2009 in Hua Hin, Thailand. See the Joint Media Statement on the signing of the Agreement.
AANZFTA is the largest FTA Australia has concluded. ASEAN and New Zealand together account for 18% of Australia's total trade in goods and services, which were worth $104 billion in 2010-11.
AANZFTA contains regional rules of origin and substantial tariff reduction and elimination commitments, as well as World Trade Organization (WTO)-plus commitments in other areas such as services, which will provide commercially meaningful benefits to Australian business and further strengthen Australia's commercial ties with ASEAN.
Mr Crean tabled AANZFTA in Parliament on 16 March 2009, along with the National Interest Analysis and Regulation Impact Statement. These documents are available at the Joint Standing Committee on Treaties webpage. Legislation relating to AANZFTA’s tariff commitments and rules of origin was passed by the Australian Parliament on 17 September and given Royal Assent on 2 October 2009. Implementing regulations were approved by the Executive Council on 8 October, paving the way for Australia’s notification to AANZFTA Parties of its ratification of the Agreement on 21 October 2009.
Entry into force
AANZFTA is now in force for all 12 countries that signed the Agreement: Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
The Agreement entered into force on 1 January 2010 for eight signatories: Australia, New Zealand, Brunei, Myanmar, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Vietnam.
The Agreement entered into force for Thailand on 12 March 2010, for Laos on 1 January 2011, and for Cambodia on 4 January 2011.
The Agreement entered into force for Indonesia on 10 January 2012.
Implementation and economic co-operation
AANZFTA provides for a free trade agreement joint committee (the FTA Joint Committee) consisting of representatives of the Parties to oversee the implementation and operation of the Agreement. The FTA Joint Committee publishes a summary of the outcomes of its meetings that are relevant to the business sector.
AANZFTA also provides for an economic co-operation work programme (ECWP) to support implementation of the Agreement. Further information about the ECWP under AANZFTA can be found in the:
- Strategic Overview (August 2011)
- Guide to the Agreement [PDF]
- Economic co-operation fact sheet [PDF], and the
- AANZFTA Economic Co-operation Support Programme: Design Document (November 2009) [PDF].
Information on the work of the FTA Joint Committee can also be found on the AANZFTA website of the ASEAN Secretariat.
Impact of AANZFTA on Australian states and territories
- Australian Capital Territory
- New South Wales
- Northern Territory
- South Australia
- Western Australia
Background and fact sheets
- AANZFTA: Creating business opportunities
- Fast facts about AANZFTA
- History of the AANZFTA negotiations
- AANZFTA timeline
- Overview and key outcomes of the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade presentation on AANZFTA for Austrade’s ASEAN Now seminar series, 15-30 October 2009
- Negotiating the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand FTA - a conference paper, 21 July 2009 [PDF 74 KB]
- ASEAN economy fact sheet
- Joint Declaration of the Leaders of the ASEAN-Australia and New Zealand Commemorative Summit to launch AANZFTA negotiations (November 2004)
- Guiding Principles for Negotiation on ASEAN-Australia and New Zealand Free Trade Area
- About ASEAN
- The Angkor Agenda: Report of the High Level Task Force on the AFTA-CER Free Trade Area 2000 [PDF 420 KB]
- Economic benefits from an AFTA-CER free trade area - Year 2000 study - Centre for International Economics [PDF 364 KB]
For questions about AANZFTA not covered on this website, contact the Free Trade Agreement Division of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade at:
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Fax: (02) 6261 2187
Free Trade Agreement Division
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
R G Casey Building
John McEwen Crescent
BARTON ACT 0221
For media enquiries, please call DFAT's Media Liaison Section: (02) 6261 1555.