Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso is a landlocked state in western Africa. The country is bound to the north and west by Mali, to the south by Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, and Togo, and to the east by Benin and Niger. The capital is Ouagadougou. 

Gaining independence from France in 1960, French is still the official language among Burkina Faso's 16.5 million people. Following a series of coups, President Blaise Compaoré came to power in 1987, and may change the constitution to ensure he can run for another term, despite strong public protest.

Burkina Faso's mining sector is growing, with exports from Burkina Faso's large gold deposits accounting for nearly three quarters of export revenue in 2013. Cotton, whilst only 32% of export revenue provides 80% of household incomes.  Burkina Faso has one of the lowest GDP per capita rates in the world. 

Burkina Faso is a member of the Cotton 4 – a group of four African nations (including Mali, Benin and Chad) working through the World Trade Organisation to reduce trade distorting subsidies the US and EU pay to their cotton farmers, that then puts African farmers at a trade disadvantage.

Australia is accredited to Burkina Faso through our Australian's High Commission in Ghana; Burkina Faso is accredited to Australia through its embassy in Tokyo.

Travel information

Heads of Government


Last Updated: 8 October 2014