Improving productivity in agriculture is vital to reducing poverty and driving economic growth in Cambodia. Australia is improving agricultural productivity and food security by enhancing market systems and investing in irrigation infrastructure in Cambodia. We also partner with a wide range of businesses in the fertilizer, pesticide, seed, milling and media markets to improve advice provided to farmers.
Cambodia Agricultural Value Chain program – Phase I (CAVAC I), 2010 - 2015 rehabilitated or constructed 20 irrigation schemes which enabled an estimated 20,000 hectares of land to be irrigated and which will enable more than 19,000 families to grow more than one rice crop per year.
Based on the program’s success and the request of the Royal Government of Cambodia, Cambodia Agricultural Value Chain – Phase II was approved to continue for 6 years, 2016 – 2021 with a total value of A$98.7 million.
Support to rural and agricultural development is also through demining, an important priority for the Cambodian Government. The UNDP multi-donor Clearing for Results program Phase I and Phase II (2006 – Feb 2016) released a combined total of 185 kilometres squared of contaminated land in Battambang, Banteay Meanchey and Pailin provinces, exceeded the projected target of 72 kilometres squared and directly benefited at least 413,830 people.
Building on the success of previous Phases, Australia has entered into an Agreement with UNDP to fund the next Phase of the program, Clearing for Results Phase III (CFR-III) 2016 – 2019 with the projected total value of $9 million.
Cambodia Agricultural Value Chain Program – Phase II (CAVAC II)
$98.70 million, 2016-2021
The Cambodia Agricultural Value Chain program – Phase II (CAVAC II) will build on the results and experiences of CAVAC I aiming at increasing incomes for smallholder farmers, and trade in milled rice and other crops. For irrigation, CAVAC II will work in target provinces of Takeo, Kandal, Prey Veng and Tboung Khmum while productivity, diversification, milling and export will be nationwide.
To increase their incomes, farmers need to increase the quantity or quality of the rice and to diversify crops that they produce. To do this they need to understand and adopt modern farming techniques, have more information, and reliable access to inputs such as water, seeds, fertiliser and pesticides, as well as better opportunities for selling their produce. CAVAC II helps small farmers by working with businesses, the public sector and civil society players who supply agricultural products and services to smallholder farmers. In parallel, CAVAC II also works with public sector stakeholders including the Royal Government of Cambodia’s Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology (MOWRAM), and Provincial Departments.
CAVAC II, which commenced in February 2016 has made significant progress in the first six months with the 2016 Annual Work Plan developed and approved by the National Steering Committee in April 2016 and 7 irrigation schemes being constructed and completed by the end of 2016. During the construction of the schemes, CAVAC II establishes Farmer Water User Communities (FWUCs) to support the sustainable operation and maintenance of the irrigation schemes. CAVAC II supports these elected groups of farmers by providing capacity building and support for the development of systems for monitoring and collecting fees for water usage. CAVAC II does this work in conjunction with the Provincial Departments of Water Resources and Meteorology (PDWRAMs).
CAVAC II builds partnerships where all players benefit from adopting innovations that eliminate the constraints to growth. The program also conducts other activities related to agribusinesses and sharing information with farmers. CAVAC II will continue to work with private companies in the seed, fertiliser, pesticide, media, milling and export markets. Innovations with the private sector help to improve their business and, at the same time, help farmers to access better solutions for farming.
Clearing for Results Phase III (CFR-III)
$9 million, 2016-2019
Cambodia's extensive landmine and Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) contamination is the result of protracted internal and regional conflicts from the mid-1960s through to the late-1990s. A baseline survey completed in 2013 found that over 1,900 square kilometers remained contaminated with landmines and other ERW.
Australia has been a long standing partner of Cambodia in reducing the impacts of landmines and ERW. We have provided over $90 million to mine action and victim assistance activities since 1994. Starting in 2006, Australia’s contribution to the mine action sector has been through funding the Clearing for Results, a multi-donor program managed by UNDP in partnership with Cambodian Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority (CMAA).
The CFR-III (2016-2019) builds on the success of the previous two phases by continuing to clear and release contaminated land in Battambang, Banteay Meanchey and Pailin provinces and improve CMAA's capacity to better manage, monitor, regulate, and lead the sector. Australia’s projected contribution of $9 million to CFR-III is expected to result in at least 27 kilometer squared of released land over four years.
From February to June 2016, the CFR-III has released a total of 3.7 kilometers squared of land for productive use, removing and destroying a total of 712 anti-personnel mines, 21 anti-tank mines and 1,433 ERW. The released land benefited 12,987 people of whom 52% were females. During the first six months of 2016, the number of casualties in the three target provinces were 19 people, a 42% decrease compared to the same period in 2015.
Landmines and explosive remnants of war have killed or injured nearly 65,000 people in Cambodia since 1979. The thousands of survivors require ongoing rehabilitation. Cambodia has integrated victim assistance into broader national disability policies and is in the process of integrating disability across all ministries and sectors. Accordingly, Australia is supporting Cambodia to meet its responsibilities under the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities through a separate program—the Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia (DRIC).