Inclusive participation and governance in Cambodia

Overview

Improving governance—including tackling corruption, strengthening public administration and maintaining law and order— is vital to Cambodia’s economic development. Strong institutions are needed to support a more diverse and inclusive economy, enhance human development and maintain social stability. Governance will be addressed through our broader investments in infrastructure, agriculture, health and education. We will also support a number of targeted governance programs in community policing, ending violence against women and the disability sector.

There has been substantial progress in the legal and judicial sector in Cambodia since 1992 and the first post-Khmer Rouge period democratic elections. Political stability and the end of conflict have led to decreases in politically-motivated crime and increases in the community perceptions of safety. With the exception of domestic violence there are reductions in officially-reported crime. Key legislation has been adopted. NGOs provide important justice service delivery, including legal aid, victim assistance and advocacy. Women and men are entitled to equal rights and status under land and property laws. Crime prevention and community safety are listed amongst the Royal Government of Cambodia’s development priorities.

Indicators suggest that Cambodia remains in the bottom 20 per cent of countries globally for rule of law. There is limited access to justice for many citizens especially vulnerable groups—the poor, survivors of domestic violence and rape, ethnic minorities and persons with disabilities. Violence against women and children remains a major issue. Cambodia ranked 150 out of 168 countries on the Transparency International 2015 Corruption Perceptions Index – similar to its ranking in 2014.

In accordance with the recommendations of a 2012 evaluation and as agreed between the Governments of Australia and Cambodia in 2012, Australia’s sector-wide assistance to the law and justice sector, delivered primarily through the Cambodia Community Justice Assistance Partnership, ended in June 2016. Australia’s remaining assistance in this sector will be to strengthen Cambodian police engagement with communities. Australia will also continue its support of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal (the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia) seeking justice for crimes against humanity committed by former Khmer Rouge officials.

Rates of violence against women in Cambodia are amongst the highest in the region, and act as a significant brake on productivity as well as having a large negative impact on family and community harmony. Australia is contributing to activities to respond to, and prevent, violence against women in Cambodia.

As a post-conflict country, Cambodia is subject to a number of risk factors which can lead to a high prevalence of disability. People with disability face many barriers and lack access to appropriate, quality and affordable healthcare, rehabilitation, education and disability services. These prevent them from full and effective participation in their society. The Royal Government of Cambodia has recognised these challenges and Australia is supporting them to take important steps to promote, protect and ensure the rights of people with disability in Cambodia.

Read the Office of Development Effectiveness Cambodia Case Study: Evaluation of Australian Law and Justice Assistance

Read Transparency International Cambodia: Corruption and Cambodia’s Governance System – The Need For Reform

Name of document Year published Type
Safer Communities in Cambodia: Partnership between AusAID and The Asia Foundation 2011 Progress evaluation
Cambodia Community Justice Assistance Partnership Six monthly Progress Report April – September 2013 2013 Progress report
Cambodia Community Justice Assistance Partnership Six Monthly Progress Report October 2013 – March 2014 2014 Progress report
Transparency International: National Integrity System Assessment Report 2014 2014 Diagnostic evaluation
Angkor Research: The Impact of Police Posts on Crime and Safety in Cambodian Communes: An Assessment of Commune Police Post Construction 2011-2013 2014 Research report
Achieving Comprehensive Legal Aid in Cambodia (International Bridges to Justice) Annual Progress Report (July 2013 - June 2014) 2014 Progress report
Transparency International Cambodia Semi Annual Progress Report October 2013-March 2014 2014 Progress report
Cambodia Community Justice Assistance Partnership Six monthly Progress Report April – September 2014 2014 Progress report
Cambodia Community Justice Assistance Partnership Six Monthly Progress Report October 2014 – March 2015 2015 Progress report
Cambodia Community Justice Assistance Partnership Six monthly Progress Report April – September 2015 2015 Progress report
Achieving Comprehensive Legal Aid in Cambodia (International Bridges to Justice) Evaluation Report (July 2014 - November 2015) 2015 Evaluation
Transparency Against Corruption (Transparency International) End of Strategy Report 2012-2015 2015 Final report
Cambodia Community Justice Assistance Partnership Six Monthly Progress Report October 2015 – March 2016 2016 Progress report
Australia Assistance on Criminal Justice in Cambodia – Legacy Review 2016 Evaluation
Cambodia Community Justice Assistance Partnership (CCJAP) Independent Evaluation 2016 Evaluation
Cambodia Community Justice Assistance Partnership Completion Report 2016 Completion report

Related initiatives

Community Policing Initiative in Cambodia

$4.2 million, 2016-2019

The Community Policing Initiative works in partnership with the Cambodia National Police (CNP) which has committed to implement community policing as the foundation for service delivery by all 1,633 commune police posts in Cambodia. This initiative will assist the CNP in strengthening community policing management and oversight; performance effectiveness of commune police officers; police and community relations; and sustainability of a community policing approach in Cambodia.

This initiative complements the Ending Violence against Women Program and supports CNP-Australian Federal Police relationships.

Support to the Khmer Rouge Tribunal

$39.0 million, 2003-2017

This initiative contributes to a multi-donor fund that supports the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, a Tribunal set up to bring those most responsible for the crimes of the Khmer Rouge regime to justice (the Khmer Rouge Tribunal). In 2016, Australia provided $3.25 million to the Tribunal.

Australia has played an active role in supporting the Tribunal in the interests of justice and in pursuit of breaking down the culture of impunity which undermines Cambodia's development prospects. Our funding has contributed to the completion of the trial in Case 1 and the completion of the first trial in Case 2.

Cambodia Communications Assistance Project

$6.5 million, 2012-2018

Australia, through an Australian Broadcasting Commission program, is providing support to Cambodian provincial departments through the Cambodia Communications Assistance Project (CCAP) to enable them to reach Cambodia’s rural population via government radio. This program provides a bridge for citizens to listen, raise issues, ask questions and request action relating to government services and information. It also provides a platform for the Cambodian Government to communicate directly with communities at the sub-national level. CCAP has a specific radio program We Can Do It!, focusing on ending violence against women.

Related documents*

Name of document Year published Type
Cambodian Communications Assistance Project Independent Evaluation 2014 Independent evaluation
Cambodian Communications Assistance Project Phase 1 Completion Report 2015 Completion report

Ending Violence Against Women

Up to $20 million, 2012-2017

In February 2013, the Australian Government announced a major commitment to ending violence against women in Cambodia responding to the high rates of sexual and domestic violence in the country. Under the Ending Violence Against Women Program, our activities are brought under a coordinated management structure with Australia and the Ministry of Women’s Affairs at its centre.

Subsequent support focuses on three areas:

  • Services—health, pyscho-social counselling, shelter, education and legal services to effectively respond to instances of violence against women.
  • Prevention—working with government, civil society and private sector on community and institutional attitudes.
  • Justice—working with law and justice institutions to improve policing responses.

These focus areas are underpinned by support for institutional capacity building and coordination as well as research and evidence to support policy and future programming.

Under this program, the Government of Cambodia’s Second National Action Plan on Violence Against Women has been finalised. Australia also funded the inclusion of disability and violence against women modules in the 2014 Cambodian Demographic Health Survey and the design and implementation of the first nationwide study into the prevalence of violence against women in Cambodia. In addition, close to 4,000 women and girls experiencing violence have been supported to access counselling, legal aid, medical services and shelter as well as being assisted to reintegrate with their families and communities.

Australia works closely with the Ministry of Women’s Affairs as well as with UN agencies such as UN Women, UN Population Fund and the World Health Organisation, other bilateral partners (Germany) and local and international NGOs such as The Asia Foundation, CARE Australia, Hagar and others to deliver its program.

Related documents*

Name of document Year published Type
Triple Jeopardy: Gender-based violence and human rights violations experienced by women with disabilities in Cambodia 2013 Research Working Paper series
Improving Mental Health for Survivor of Gender Based Violence and Sexual Assault (TPO) 2013-14 Annual Progress Report 2014 Progress report
Reducing the Risks of Sexual Gender Based Violence against Entertainment Workers in Phnom Penh (ACTED) 2013-14 Annual Progress Report 2014 Progress report
Reintegration of survivors of the extreme human rights abuse (Hagar Cambodia) 2013-14 Annual Progress Report 2014 Progress report
Strengthening a Participatory Evidence Based Formulation of a Comprehensive Action Plan to End Violence Against Women and Girls in Cambodia (UN Women) Progress Report (June 2012-December 2013) 2014 Progress report
Enhancing the Rights of Women and Children (Legal Aid Cambodia) 2013-14 Annual Progress Report 2014 Progress report
Access to Justice for Women II (GIZ) Annual Report 2014 2015 Annual Report
Improving Mental Health for Survivor of Gender Based Violence and Sexual Assault (TPO) 2014-15 Annual Progress Report 2015 Progress Report
Reducing the Risks of Sexual Gender Based Violence against Entertainment Workers in Phnom Penh (ACTED) 2014-15 Annual Progress Report 2015 Progress Report
Reducing the Risks of Sexual Gender Based Violence against Entertainment Workers in Phnom Penh (ACTED) Mid Term Review Report 2015 2015 Evaluation Report
Reintegration of survivors of the extreme human rights abuse (Hagar Cambodia) 2014-15 Annual Progress Report 2015 Progress Report
Enhancing the Rights of Women and Children (Legal Aid Cambodia) 2014-15 Annual Progress Report 2015 Progress Report
Cambodia Ending Violence Against Women Program: Summary of 2014-15 Achievements 2015 Summary of Achievements
Strengthening a Participatory Evidence Based Formulation of a Comprehensive Action Plan to End Violence Against Women and Girls in Cambodia (UN Women) Final Report 2012 – 2015 2015 Final Report
Support of Violence against Women Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey (UNFPA) Progress Report 2015 2015 Progress Report
Preventing Intimate Partner Violence in Cambodia (TAF) Annual Report 2015 2015 Progress Report
Access to Justice for Women II (GIZ) Annual Report 2015 2016 Progress Report
Improving Mental Health for Survivor of Gender Based Violence and Sexual Assault (TPO) 2015-16 Annual Progress Report 2016 Progress Report
Reducing the Risks of Sexual Gender Based Violence against Entertainment Workers in Phnom Penh (ACTED) 2015-16 Annual Progress Report 2016 Progress Report
Reintegration of survivors of the extreme human rights abuse (Hagar Cambodia) 2015-16 Annual Progress Report 2016 Progress Report
Enhancing the Rights of Women and Children (Legal Aid Cambodia) 2015-16 Annual Progress Report 2016 Progress Report
Ending Violence against Women in Cambodia - Second Progress Report 2016 2016 Summary Progress Report
Ending Violence against Women in Cambodia - Third Progress Report 2017 2017 Summary Progress Report

Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia

$10.4 million, 2014 – 2017

The Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia (DRIC) is a joint United Nations – Australian aid program to improve quality of life for people with disability in Cambodia. Closely linked to the Royal Government of Cambodia’s overarching strategy for disability inclusion, the program will help ensure 'people with disability have increased opportunities for participation in social, economic, cultural and political life through effective implementation of the National Disability Strategic Plan.’'

DRIC is implemented in partnership with the United Nations Development Programme, the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children’s Fund. The program includes four components:

  1. Supporting Government implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
  2. Supporting Disabled People's Organisations to raise the voice and protect the rights of people with disability
  3. Supporting rehabilitation systems strengthening
  4. Inclusive governance and inclusive community development

Related documents*

Name of document Year published Type
Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia – Joint Programme Document 2013 Design
Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia Programme Factsheet 2014 Factsheet
Situation Analysis for Disability Inclusive Governance and Community Development in Cambodia 2014 Situation analysis
National Disability Strategic Plan 2014-2018 2014 Strategic plan
2015 Consolidated Narrative Annual Report 2015 Annual Report
Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia - Mid Term Review Report 2016 2016 Independent Evaluation
Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia - Mid Term Review Joint-Management Response 2016 2016 Management Responses

 

 



* The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) is committed to high standards of transparency and accountability in the management of the Australian aid program through publishing information on our website, including policies, plans, results, evaluations and research. Our practice is to publish documents after the partner government and any other partners directly involved in the delivery of the initiative have been consulted. Not all material published on this site is created by the Australian aid program and therefore not all documents reflect our views. In limited circumstances some information may be withheld for reasons including privacy and commercial sensitivity.



 

 



Last Updated: 7 August 2017