Through a number of regional aid investments implemented over many years, Australia has supported the ASEAN and Mekong region to reduce the impact of emerging public and animal health threats with the potential to affect regional and global health, as well as economic growth and stability. While our regional aid partnerships are now focused on the two objectives of the Southeast Asia Regional Economic Growth and Human Security Aid Investment Plan (AIP).
Australia will continue to make use of a range of other mechanisms to address regional health threats and build the capacity of the region's health systems to provide a response.
Stop Transboundary Animal Disease and Zoonoses (STANDZ)
$12.8 million, 2011-2017
Through the Stop Transboundary Animal Disease and Zoonoses (STANDZ) program, Australia supports the work of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) in 11 countries in Southeast Asia, and China. This includes work to improve the performance of veterinary services in Southeast Asia in the prevention, control and eradication of emerging infectious diseases and transboundary animal diseases, including Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD). FMD is a regional transboundary challenge that derails sustainable rural development, agricultural productivity, and food security. FMD containment measures restrict trade and deny traders access to higher value domestic or export markets.
The program is working to strengthen animal health systems based on OIE's international standards so that countries are able to prevent and contain transboundary animal disease outbreaks and are better prepared to respond to a potential human pandemic from animal-borne emerging infectious diseases (known as zoonoses).
Emerging Disease Risk Reduction
$5.9 million, 2011-2019
Australia, through a delegated cooperation arrangement with USAID, is contributing funds to support community-based emerging infectious disease risk reduction projects in the Mekong, including in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam.
The PREVENT activity (2012-15) contributed to building local capacities to reduce risks of disease transmission from dangerous pathogens from animals to humans. PREVENT was one of five projects under USAID's global Emerging Pandemic Threats Program which covered Africa, South Asia, South America, the Mekong, and parts of Southeast Asia. PREVENT targeted groups within communities with the highest risk of being infected with emerging diseases from wildlife, for example, farmers and market traders.
The HPAI-LAMP activity (2016-19) is designed to strengthen Emergency Preparedness for Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza - Live Animal Marketing and Production (HPAI-LAMP) practices. HPAI-LAMP supports target countries' preparedness to prevent and control the emergence and spread of zoonotic influenza and other zoonotic emerging infectious diseases at the national and regional level. The activity contributes to strengthened multi-sectoral coordination for effective management and control of HPAI; regional epidemiology capacities and networks; and evidence-based risk management along the livestock production and market chain.