Our economic governance investments support Indonesia to boost inclusive growth and to achieve mutual benefit from international trade and investment. We provide technical assistance, including through government-to-government partnerships, which focus on Indonesia’s priority economic reforms in areas such as financial sector supervision, budgeting, trade and competition, tax policy and administration and macroeconomic management. We are also working with Indonesia to tackle the underlying disincentives to investment in infrastructure, providing input on regulations and project planning, along with targeted technical assistance to make sure that Indonesia gets good results from its own spend on infrastructure development.
As nearly two thirds of Indonesia’s poor live in rural areas, our aid program continues to focus on development of the agricultural sector. We are encouraging inclusive economic growth by attempting to influence how agricultural markets work for the poor, improving food security, raising agricultural productivity, and helping to boost farmer’s incomes and employment by addressing constraints such as access to loans.
Indonesia Australia Infrastructure Partnership (KIAT)
$300 million (up to), 2016-2026
Through KIAT we support development of high quality infrastructure projects, a reduction in regulatory constraints that impede infrastructure investment, and a greater capacity of government bodies responsible for infrastructure delivery. In doing so we support sustainable and inclusive economic growth through improved access to infrastructure.
KIAT commenced implementation in May 2017 and replaces the Indonesia Infrastructure Initiative (IndII) facility that ended in June 2017.
The Water and Sanitation Grant Program and the Provincial Road Improvement and Maintenance Program are also implemented under KIAT.
Water and Sanitation Hibah Phase 2
$ 119.6 million, 2009-2019
Through the Water and Sanitation Grants Program we aim to increase water and sewerage connections across Indonesia by working with local governments to boost investment in water and sanitation infrastructure. We use an innovative approach where local governments are reimbursed up to 45 per cent of the connection costs following verification that each new connection has functioned for at least three months. The program is being implemented with 115 local governments to deliver 330,000 new water connections (38,000 of which are USAID funded) and 9,000 sewerage connections. This will benefit 1.5 million people from predominantly low-income families. Women, people with disabilities and the elderly are significant beneficiaries, with many experiencing improved health and better opportunities to engage in economic activity, due to the time saved from no longer having to travel to fetch water.
Water and Sanitation for Low Income Communities Project (PAMSIMAS) 2 & 3
$ 59.95 million, 2013-2021
PAMSIMAS is the Indonesian Government's national program to deliver water, sanitation and improved hygiene to rural and peri-urban areas. Through PAMSIMAS we work with communities to plan, finance, manage and maintain their water supply and sanitation systems and improve hygiene behaviour. As at August 2016, our joint efforts with the Indonesian Government had enabled about 9 million people to access improved water facilities (such as piped water into houses and public taps), and more than 8 million people to access improved sanitation facilities (such as flush toilets or improved pit latrines). PAMSIMAS is delivered by the Indonesian Ministry of Public Works and Housing, and is co-financed by Australia and the World Bank.
PAMSIMAS 3 is the newest phase of the program which sees the Indonesian Government attempt to achieve universal access to water and sanitation in rural areas, covering 27,000 villages in 360 districts and 33 provinces.
World Bank PAMSIMAS-2 Documents
The Australia Indonesia Infrastructure Grant for Municipal Sanitation (sAIIG)
$40 million, 2012-2019
The Australia Indonesia Infrastructure Grant for Municipal Sanitation is provided to approximately 40 selected local governments to implement sanitation infrastructure, such as simplified sewerage treatment systems, connections to existing sewerage networks, and solid waste transfer stations. sAIIG has been designed to stimulate local government investment in sanitation infrastructure and to provide incentives for governance reforms that will improve the delivery of sanitation services.
Provincial Road Improvement and Maintenance (PRIM)
$30.9 million, 2014-2019
The Provincial Road Improvement and Maintenance Pilot Program is an output-based grant program through which we provide incentives for local governments to implement road maintenance and rehabilitation works. It aims to improve the way local governments plan, budget and implement their investments in road maintenance on a sustainable basis. Through PRIM we are working to broaden the use of the hibah (grant) mechanism that was successfully piloted in the water and sanitation sector.
Multilateral Development Bank Infrastructure Assistance Program
$50.5 million, 2013-2019
Through the Multilateral Development Bank Infrastructure Assistance Program we work with the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank and the Indonesian Government to support a range of activities, including project preparation support and implementation, feasibility studies, engineering designs and environmental impact assessments. Through the program we have also supported the development of a Public Private Partnerships Centre in the Indonesian Ministry of Finance.
Government Partnership Fund (GPF) Phase II
$66 million, 2011-2018
The Government Partnerships Fund is a whole-of-government program through which we facilitate and strengthen government-to-government partnerships and policy dialogue between Australia and Indonesia on improved economic and public sector governance. Through GPF we provide Indonesian agencies with access to the institutional knowledge of Australian Government agencies experienced in economic and public sector reform. There are currently thirteen partnerships in place between Australian and Indonesian government agencies.
* In 2018 this program will be integrated with the Australia Indonesia Partnership for Economic Governance (AIPEG) to form the Australia-Indonesia Economic Cooperation Partnership (AIECO).
Australia Indonesia Partnership for Economic Governance (AIPEG)
$111 million, 2008-2017
Through AIPEG we provide support to the Indonesian agencies responsible for economic management in order to achieve strong, sustainable and inclusive economic growth through increased competitiveness. We do this by providing technical assistance and capacity building to Indonesian Government agencies in order to strengthen economic institutions, manage public finances, and promote effective markets to underpin growth and development.
* In 2018 this program will be integrated with the Government Partnership Fund (GPF) Phase II to form the Australia-Indonesia Economic Cooperation Partnership (AIECO).
Australia Indonesia Partnership for Economic Governance
Australia Indonesia Economic Cooperation Partnership (AIECO)
From 2018, Australia’s two previously separate economic governance programs (GPF and Australia Indonesia Partnership for Economic Governance) will be integrated to form AIECO. The overall scope of the new program is similar to the existing programs. The overall goal of the AIECO is “to foster more effective Indonesian economic institutions that contribute to strong, sustainable and inclusive economic growth”.
In support of the above goal, the AIECO has three high-level objectives:
- Strengthened economic institutions
- A more transparent and accountable public sector; and
- Strengthened linkages between Indonesian and Australian Government agencies
Australia Indonesia Partnership for Rural Economic Development Program (AIP-Rural)
$112 million, 2013-2018
Through AIP-Rural we aim to increase inclusive economic growth in five provinces in eastern Indonesia, by influencing how agricultural markets work for the poor. We have designed the program to help reduce the number of Indonesians living in poverty, address constraints to rural income growth and improve agricultural productivity. We do this by facilitating private sector-led investment in better agricultural practices, while also supporting aid for trade and women's economic empowerment. Private sector partners have worked on more than 50 activities with the program since 2013, and we aim to increase the incomes of 300,000 smallholder farm households by 30 per cent by 2018.
Indonesia-Australia Partnership on Food Security in the Red Meat and Cattle Sector
$50 million (with an additional $10 million in non-Official Development Assistance funding from the Department of Agriculture), 2013-2024
Through the Indonesia-Australia Partnership on Food Security in the Red Meat and Cattle Sector we aim to strengthen long-term economic relations between Indonesia and Australia. This partnership focuses on developing economic opportunities along the cattle and beef sector supply chain in order to support Indonesia's food security and to promote closer ties in the beef and cattle sector between the two countries. The Partnership comprises senior government officials and industry representatives from Indonesia and Australia, and provides advice on areas for development in the sector. Through the partnership we are exchanging skills in beef processing, cattle production and husbandry, and agricultural policy. Last year we launched the Indonesia Australia Commercial Cattle Breeding Program.
Indonesia-Australia Partnership for Environmental Governance
$10 million, 2017-2019
The 2015 forest and land fires in Indonesia caused an economic loss of approximately USD16 billion (approximately AUD20 billion) and discharged over one billion tons of CO2 into the atmosphere. Forest and land fires are an annual crisis in Indonesia and a significant contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions. To support Indonesia’s efforts to prevent the recurrence of fires and to reduce emissions, we initiated an environmental governance program as part of Australia’s Indo-Pacific Land Action Package (Indonesia-Australia Partnership for Environmental Governance, AUD10 million; 2017-2019) in 2017. This responds to Indonesia’s renewed interest and involvement in addressing forest fires and climate change.
Through technical experts from Government of Australia and multilateral agencies, we partner with the Indonesia Government to promote sustainable land management practices, and strengthen governance and law enforcement.