This page hosts information on past development cooperation programs in Indonesia.
Indonesia Infrastructure Initiative (IndII)
$227.5 million, 2007-2017
IndII worked with the Indonesian government to address constraints to infrastructure investment, such as delays and high costs to freight due to congestion on roads and railways, energy shortages, and uncompetitive technologies, and to enable efficient and effective infrastructure service delivery. IndII focused on water and sanitation, roads and transport, and crosscutting policy and regulations.
IndII oversaw the Water and Sanitation Grant Program and the Provincial Road Improvement and Maintenance Program. IndII also provided technical assistance in response to requests from Indonesian government agencies. IndII provided experts to undertake feasibility studies, cost-benefit analyses, planning documents, engineering and architectural designs, project evaluations, and training on important infrastructure projects.
Australia’s Education Partnership
$368 million, 2011-2017
Through Australia's Education Partnership we helped improve education service in Indonesia by increasing participation in schooling, improving the quality of education in public, private and religious schools, and improving governance in the education sector. Under the partnership we built or expended 1,155 schools, providing approximately 160,000 new school places.We also helped develop a national system to improve school management and leadership, supported up to 1,500 madrasah to improve their quality against national education standards and supported research and technical assistance to improve education programs and policy through the Analytical and Capacity Development Partnership. The Independent Completion Report for the Partnership concluded that it was a highly successful program, making a significant contribution to the Indonesian Government's efforts to deliver quality education and encourage children to stay in school.
Australia Indonesia Electoral Support Program
$22.7 million, 2011-2015
The Australia Indonesia Electoral Support Program built on Australia’s support for the 1999, 2004 and 2009 elections in Indonesia. The program aimed to enhance the quality of Indonesia’s elections by helping Indonesian organisations improve the management of elections, and increasing public engagement in electoral processes. The assistance contributed to the entrenchment of good democratic systems in Indonesia and Indonesia’s ability to manage peaceful transitions of power. The program provided support throughout the electoral cycle, including the national elections in 2014 and the rolling program of elections for provincial governors and district heads.
Australia-Indonesia Facility for Disaster Reduction
$67 million, 2008-15
AIFDR was a joint initiative that used science and research to better identify areas most at risk of natural disaster. The Facility helped to reduce the impact of disasters by giving people information about how to build safer houses and public buildings. It helped shape training and planning for disaster managers across the region through partnerships with APEC, ASEAN and the United Nations. The Facility also supported Indonesia’s stand-by Disaster Rapid Response Team, which deploys within hours of a disaster. While AIFDR has now closed, the Rapid Response Team will still operate, and we have established a new Disaster Management Unit.
Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Decentralisation (AIPD)
$68 million, 2010 – 2015
The Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Decentralisation supported the Government of Indonesia to implement its decentralisation policies through capacity-building of public servants and through improvements to the public financial management system. The program worked with three central Indonesian Ministries – the Ministry of Home Affairs, the Ministry of Finance and the National Development Planning Ministry – and across five provinces, working at the sub-national level with provincial and district authorities.
While this program has ended, the final report was undertaken when DFAT’s Governance for Growth program (KOMPAK) was in its inception phase and the findings have informed KOMPAK’s work.
Australia Indonesia Partnership for Health Systems Strengthening (AIPHSS)
$30 million, 2012-2016
Australia supported the Indonesian Government to improve its national health system. The AIPHSS focused on health financing, human resources for health, health sector governance and primary health care. The program provided technical support for Indonesia's rollout of universal health coverage by 2019.
Australia Indonesia Partnership for HIV
$122.5 million, 2007-2016
The Australia Indonesia Partnership for HIV supported Indonesia's national goals of preventing and limiting the spread of HIV, improving the quality of life of people living with HIV, and alleviating the socio-economic impacts of the epidemic. It operated at the national level and in nine provinces: DKI Jakarta, West Java, Banten, Central Java, Yogyakarta, East Java, Bali, Papua and West Papua. The partnership also supported another five provinces through various national programs.
The program contributed to a reduction in HIV prevalence among people who inject drugs in Indonesia's major cities. Nationally, injecting drug use now accounts for only 1.6 per cent of new infections, compared to 33 per cent in 2002.There has also been an increase in antiretroviral treatment coverage in the Papuan provinces from 3 per cent of the eligible population in 2010 to 32 per cent in 2014.
Australia Indonesia Partnership for Maternal and Neonatal Health (AIPMNH)
$84.3 million, 2009-2015
AIPMNH worked with community health clinics and hospitals in Nusa Tenggara Timur, supporting improved access, quality and demand for maternal and newborn health services. We supported the province and its districts to increase the proportion of births in adequate health facilities, make maternal and newborn health higher priorities in annual district budgets and improve the management of health clinics’ operational budgets and health and birth insurance.
The program also helped to build community awareness of the services available at health facilities. Key achievements included a 50 per cent drop in maternal deaths in NTT in 2014 compared to 2009. For Indonesia’s 32 other provinces (not supported by the program), the mean percentage change was negligible over the same time period. The proportion of births in a facility in the 14 supported districts increased steadily from 42 per cent in 2009 to 73 per cent in 2014.
While this program has ended, the Government of Indonesia and other partners will carry forward much of the work we have done in this area.
Eastern Indonesia National Road Improvement Project (EINRIP)
$338.8 million, 2007-2016
EINRIP supported 20 major road projects across nine provinces, totaling 395 km of national roads, and some 1,300m of fabricated steel bridge structures. Australia provided a concessional loan of $290 million for construction works and supervision. Government of Indonesia management of this loan program was bolstered by Australian technical assistance of more than $35 million to improve project implementation and oversight, including high-quality road engineering designs and a program of technical and financial auditing to ensure roads are constructed to a high standard. Australia support was also provided to continue monitoring and evaluation activities beyond the delivery of the program in order to assess the true impacts of the investment.
Poverty Reduction Support Facility
$122 million, 2010-2015
The Poverty Reduction Support Facility (PRSF) supported the Indonesian Vice President’s National Team for the Acceleration of Poverty Reduction. PRSF’s objectives were to help enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of existing social protection programs, and to help Indonesia advance its agenda for developing a comprehensive social protection framework. The PRSF did this by:
- generating knowledge to inform social assistance policies, define policy options and translate policy choices into operational programs
- providing technical assistance; and
- providing high-quality monitoring and evaluation.
Australian support through the PRSF helped develop and implement a unified database that covers 97 million individuals, constituting the poorest 40 per cent of Indonesia’s population. This database has assisted Indonesia’s largest social assistance programs to better reach and support the poorest 25 per cent of Indonesia’s population. Australia’s support also helped to design a compensation package that allowed Indonesia to reform its fuel subsidies.
Following the success of PRSF, Australia has continued with a second phase of support to strengthen the Indonesian Government’s social protection systems. The MAHKOTA (Towards a Strong and Prosperous Indonesian Society) program will run from 2015-2019 and will continue to support the Indonesian Government to improve the quality and effectiveness of its poverty reduction programs.