Nigeria is Africa's most populous country, with a population of more than 170 million. More than 21 million people live in Lagos, Africa's largest city, which was the country's capital until the seat of government moved to Abuja in 1991. Nigeria is English-speaking. Although significant development challenges remain, the Nigerian economy has grown strongly over the last decade and is now the largest in Africa.

Nigeria is a member of the Commonwealth. Nigeria hosts the headquarters of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Nigeria is serving on the UN Security Council from 2014-15. 

Australia and Nigeria signed an MOU, covering political, economic, commercial, scientific, technical and cultural cooperation in September 2012. Productive Senior Officials' Talks took place in December 2013, in Canberra. Australia imports approximately 10 per cent of its crude petroleum oil from Nigeria.

Australia maintains a High Commission in Abuja and an Honorary Consulate in Lagos. Nigeria is represented in Australia by a High Commissioner based in Canberra.

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Last Updated: 2 July 2015