The island of Niue is located in Polynesia, east of Tonga and northeast of New Zealand. Niue is a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand, an arrangement dating from October 1974. Niueans are New Zealand citizens with the right of free access to New Zealand, where approximately 90 per cent of Niue’s population lives. Niue’s resident population is about 1500.
The Head of State is HM Queen Elizabeth II, represented by the Governor-General of New Zealand.
System of Government
Niue's parliament is the Niue Assembly and consists of 20 members (14 constituency or ‘village’ seats, and six ‘common roll’ seats) elected every three years by universal suffrage. The 20 members elect a Premier, who then selects three cabinet ministers. Assembly members currently all serve as independents. The members appoint a Speaker from outside their ranks.
The most recent Niue general election was held on 12 April 2014. Candidates supportive of Premier Talagi’s government won 12 of the 20 seats and the Niue Assembly re-elected him as Premier. He has been in office since 2008.
Australia and Niue established diplomatic relations on 27 February 2013. Australia’s High Commissioner to New Zealand is accredited to Niue. Australia and Niue enjoy a friendly relationship based on shared membership of Pacific regional organisations, development cooperation and people to people links.
People to people links
Australia is helping Niue build a skilled workforce by providing access to awards to individuals to further their education and professional development.
The Australia Awards provide opportunities for Niueans to undertake short-term study and professional development in Australia. The awards enable individuals to gain the skills and knowledge needed to contribute to their country’s development.
More information on development assistance to Niue.
The economic challenges Niue faces are common to other small island states within the region. Geographic isolation, limited natural resources and a small population hamper economic development. Cyclones occasionally devastate the island's infrastructure, including housing and tourist facilities.
Under the terms of the constitutional agreement between the two countries, New Zealand provides substantial economic and administrative assistance to Niue. Economic assistance is provided in the form of both direct budget support and project-related aid.
Fishing licences and the international lease of Niue's unique four-digit telephone numbers are important income earners for the country. Remittances from Niueans living abroad supplement the income of island families.
The tourism industry is a small, but potentially important, sector in the economy. Noni-juice production also provides ongoing employment opportunities.
Niue's declining population has been a concern of successive governments. At the time of the 2006 Census, the population was 1,625 and fell to 1,460 in 2011. Approximately 24,000 Niueans live in New Zealand (2013 census) and about 900 live in Australia (2011 census).
Trade and investment
Australian merchandise exports to Niue at the end of 2014 totalled $167 000 (principally measuring and analysing instruments).
High level visits
July 2015: Premier Talagi attended the Pacific Islands Forum Foreign Ministers Meeting in Sydney.
August 2014: High Commissioner to Wellington Michael Potts visited Niue to present his credentials.
December 2010: Then Parliamentary Secretary for Pacific Island Affairs, the Hon. Richard Marles visited Niue.
August 2009: Premier Talagi attended the Pacific Islands Forum in Cairns.