Despite a sustained period of high economic growth, PNG’s growth is heavily dependent on the mining and petroleum sectors and needs to diversify if it is to withstand future price shocks. Australia’s aid supports more inclusive economic growth in PNG by promoting private sector growth, led by both men and women. We also support PNG’s efforts to ensure revenues from natural resources benefits current and future generations, including through the implementation of an effective Sovereign Wealth Fund.
Australia is increasing support for private sector investments which reduce the costs of doing business, reduce risk and improve productivity. We support improvements in transport infrastructure, the business enabling environment, agriculture and rural development, innovation and business partnerships, and financial inclusion. All investments have a strong focus on women’s economic empowerment and financial opportunities, particularly in rural areas (See also Investments for Enhancing Human Development).
In recognition that inadequate and poorly maintained infrastructure creates significant costs to doing business, and constrains economic growth, Australia’s aid investments in infrastructure are expected to increase from 37 per cent of the program to approximately 50 per cent by 2017. Our infrastructure programs support both construction and maintenance activities as well as advisory support for PNG’s larger scale infrastructure investments.
Responding to businesses’ and government’s need for more skilled employees, Australia is increasing aid investments in youth skills training and job placements, technical and vocational education and training, and higher education (see also Investments for Enhancing Human Development).
The Australian High Commission hosts regular PNG business and development roundtable meetings and we also engage with the Australia – PNG Business Council, which focuses on developing and supporting trade and investment between Australia and Papua New Guinea. Australia will also provide targeted assistance to help PNG comply with trade and investment obligations including the Pacific Agreement on Closer Economic Relations (PACER) Plus negotiations and the WTO Agreement on Trade Facilitation. We will also support PNG’s preparations to host the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum in 2018.
Transport Sector Support Program
Phase 2: Up to $400 million, 2014-2019
The PNG-Australia Transport Sector Support Program (TSSP) has been the primary Australian Government investment in transport infrastructure in PNG since 2007. The long term development goal of TSSP is a safe, reliable transport system that enables economic and social development in PNG. The majority of TSSP funding is spent on roads through Papua New Guinea’s Department of Works, directly assisting it to maintain sections of the core network of 16 National Priority Roads.
In 2014, TSSP entered its second phase. This will see the program gradually transition to supporting larger, more complex highway rehabilitation projects for economically important roads, while handing more responsibility for routine road maintenance to the Government of Papua New Guinea. TSSP funding is also provided to assist PNG’s aviation and maritime sectors consistently move towards compliance with international safety and security standards. Australian Government transport sector agencies play an important role in providing integrated Australian assistance to PNG under the TSSP framework. The Australia-PNG Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in the Transport Sector outlines the key priorities of this engagement.
PNG-Australia Incentive Fund
Up to $100 million, 2015-2019 (Phase 4)
The Incentive Fund supports high performing organisations to expand their operations in order to improve service delivery capacity and promote economic growth. Church organisations, education and health institutions, and research bodies have been beneficiaries and remain important partners for Incentive Fund projects under Phase 4 of the program. In this phase of the program, proposals will also be accepted from the private sector. This recognises the significant development role that many companies already play in PNG in areas such as health and education, and together will allow the Incentive Fund to leverage partnerships with the private sector to achieve improved development outcomes.
There will be a number of opportunities to apply for grants under the Incentive Fund.
Private Sector and Rural Development
Up to $68 million, 2014-2019
A Private Sector Development Framework identifies a range of investments to help reduce the costs of doing business, reduce risk and improve productivity under four pillars: improvements in the business enabling environment; agriculture (rural development, markets, and trade); innovation and business partnerships; and financial inclusion. The activities under each of these pillars are outlined in the Private Sector Development Fact Sheets. Cutting across all four pillars is a strong focus on women’s economic empowerment and financial inclusion opportunities, particularly in rural areas.