The Joint Understanding on further bilateral cooperation on health, education and law and order (Joint Understanding) was signed by Prime Minister O’Neill and former Prime Minister Rudd on 19 July 2013. The Joint Understanding outlines practical measures Australia and Papua New Guinea are pursuing together to strengthen cooperation in the areas of health, education, transport and law and order in Papua New Guinea.
Under the Joint Understanding, Australia committed $420 million of assistance to:
- fund 50 per cent of the redevelopment of Lae ANGAU Hospital and contribute to the costs of senior management personnel
- deploy an additional 50 Australian Police in Port Moresby and Lae
- rehabilitate essential infrastructure at University of PNG and support twinning and exchange programs with Australian institutions
- undertake the scoping and design of the Lower Courts complex in Port Moresby
- undertake a scoping and design study of the Madang–Ramu Highway, and
- recruit senior positions in the Royal PNG Constabulary, and the National Departments of Health and Education.