How we are helping
2015-16 Total Australian ODA Estimated Outcome
2016-17 Bilateral Budget Estimate
2016-17 Total Australian ODA Estimate
Australia values its longstanding ties with Papua New Guinea (PNG) – we have a shared history and a shared geography. As our nearest neighbour and close regional partner, a stable and prosperous PNG is in Australia’s interest. We share a border, economic interests and common legal frameworks with PNG. In 2015, PNG celebrated the 40th anniversary of its independence. Over time, our relationship has matured into one of economic and strategic partnership, and in March 2014 we signed a new Economic Cooperation Treaty.
The Australian Government will provide an estimated $558.3 million in total ODA to PNG in 2016-17. This will include an estimated $477.3 million in bilateral funding to PNG managed by DFAT.
PNG has experienced robust economic growth for over a decade, driven by mining and agricultural exports. PNG’s strong overall growth however has not resulted in equitable development and PNG faces growing fiscal challenges. Poor law and order, lack of infrastructure, complex governance arrangements, weak public service, inequality between men and women, and rapidly growing population are challenges to its future prosperity. PNG also remains vulnerable to climate-induced and other disasters, including earthquakes, volcanoes and tsunamis.
Over 40 per cent of the population remain poor and face hardship and 80 to 85 per cent of Papua New Guinean’s reside in traditional rural communities. The development challenges for children and youth in PNG are stark: an estimated 40 per cent of children are stunted, one in five children are not enrolled in school and nearly half the population is under the age of 20. Family and sexual violence is endemic, with some of the highest rates of violence against women and children in the world. It is also estimated around 15 per cent of the population have some form of disability.
Despite these development challenges, PNG is seeking to achieve upper middle-income country status by 2050 (PNG Vision 2050 [PDF 2.78mb]). Sector priorities, as set out in the PNG Government’s 2012 Alotau Accord, include education, health, law and justice, infrastructure and sustainable economic growth. PNG’s economic growth agenda focuses upon investments in high impact infrastructure, job skills development and partnering with the private sector. PNG also has a strong focus on improving service delivery at the local level through the introduction of District Development Authorities (DDAs).
Australia has consistently been PNG’s largest aid donor, but our relationship is evolving, reflecting a more mature, focused and innovative response to PNG’s development needs. Through the Papua New Guinea-Australia Aid Partnership Arrangement 2016-2017, Australian aid is aligned with PNG and Australian Government priorities to ensure our aid program delivers assistance that supports sustainable economic growth and equitable development in PNG.
Our program is organised around the following three mutually reinforcing objectives as outlined in the Aid Investment Plan 2015–16 to 2017–18. We are integrating gender equality, youth and disability-inclusive measures in all investments.
Objective 1: Promoting effective governance
An effective public sector and rule of law are fundamental for PNG’s ongoing stability, economic growth and poverty reduction. Our assistance is supporting enhanced governance by strengthening public sector leadership, performance and accountability, community engagement and electoral reform. Australia has partnered with the PNG Government to establish a new Pacific Leadership and Governance Precinct and is supporting PNG-led reforms aimed at strengthening sub-national service delivery. In consultation with the PNG Government, we will reshape our policing assistance and continue our support for investments aimed at preventing and combatting corruption and strengthening access to justice.
Investments for promoting effective governance in Papua New Guinea
Objective 2: Enabling economic growth
Australia’s aid can be a strong catalyst for more inclusive economic growth in PNG. We engage with businesses and support initiatives that promote private sector growth, led by both men and women. This includes increased support for infrastructure, skilling the workforce and a range of other investments which reduce the costs of doing business, reduce risk and improve productivity. In recognition of the role infrastructure plays in supporting economic growth, Australia’s aid investment in infrastructure is expected to increase from 37 per cent of the program to approximately 50 per cent by 2017.
Investments for enabling economic growth in Papua New Guinea
Objective 3: Enhancing human development
PNG continues to face enormous challenges in providing access to quality health services and education opportunities for all Papua New Guineans. Australia is assisting PNG to achieve a more effective health system, targeting improvements in maternal and child health and communicable disease control. To maximise the influence of our investments we focus on key areas of the health system, including workforce, infrastructure and financing.
Australia's support for the education sector in PNG has a firm focus on improving access to quality education. Our efforts are supporting more students, particularly girls and children with a disability, to enrol in and complete school, to further their education through university or technical college, and to enter the workforce with the skills that they need. We are also expanding support to improve women’s leadership, economic opportunities and safety in PNG.
People-to-people and institutional links between PNG and Australia are supported through the Australia Awards scholarships and Australian Volunteers for International Development. The Australia-Papua New Guinea Network, the Emerging Leaders Dialogue and the New Colombo Plan also foster and strengthen people-to-people links.
Investments for enhancing human development in Papua New Guinea
In 2015-16, Australia's aid program contributed to a range of outcomes, including:
Objective 1: Promoting effective governance
- The launch of the Pacific Leadership and Governance Precinct (the Precinct) in support of PNG’s program of public service leadership renewal. Almost 1,600 Papua New Guineans have benefitted from the Precinct, including 1,380 participants in 25 short courses and events and 156 graduates from four diploma and one graduate certificate courses.
- Training 2,640 women and 4,051 men in public service core skills.
- Providing access to better standards of justice for more than one million PNG citizens by contributing to the training of more than 2,000 village court officials (12.5 per cent women), covering 42 per cent of Village Courts in 461 target locations.
- Opening two new Family and Sexual Violence Units (FSVUs) in police stations, bringing the total number of FSVUs in PNG to 17, plus four Family and Sexual Violence Desks. Since 2009, over 40,000 cases of violence have been reported to established FSVUs and Desks, mostly involving women and children.
Objective 2: Enabling economic growth
- The maintenance of approximately 1,400km of PNG’s most economically important roads.
- The construction of four bridges in Oro Province, which have improved access to social services and contribute to economic growth for around 90,000 people.
- Allocating twenty-eight per cent of Australia’s PNG development budget for 2015-16 to aid for trade and private sector investments, up from 20 per cent in 2014-15.
- Providing more than 35,000 rural men and women (85 per cent women) with increased access to financial services.
Objective 3: Enhancing human development
- Supporting more than 1,100 Papua New Guineans to study in Australia and in PNG through Australia Awards, with a focus on developing skills and knowledge; building enduring people-to-people, country and professional links; and influencing positive change. For the past three years, at least half of scholarships have been awarded to women.
- Completing construction of 150 classrooms, 55 teachers' houses, and 57 ablution blocks in line with PNG Government specifications, benefiting more than 5,000 girls and boys.
- Supporting more than 1,500 survivors of family and sexual violence to access services such as counselling; case management; and in some circumstances in the Highlands, repatriation and reintegration for those who experienced or were at risk of sorcery-related or extreme violence.
- An improved tuberculosis (TB) response in PNG, contributing to an increased TB detection rate in Western Province and an increase in the number of patients receiving and completing treatment. Better clinical management of drug-resistant TB cases at Daru General Hospital led to an increase of people staying on treatment from around 40 per cent in 2011 to more than 97 per cent by 2016.
Our changing program
A new bilateral aid partnership was agreed in 2016. This Arrangement establishes our shared vision to ensure development cooperation contributes as effectively and efficiently as possible to sustained and inclusive economic growth and to reduce poverty in Papua New Guinea. It aligns with the priorities outlined in the Aid Investment Plan 2015–16 to 2017–18 and the second PNG Medium Term Development Plan 2015–17. The objectives outlined in the Aid Investment Plan 2015–16 to 2017–18 and the website reflect ongoing discussions between Australia and PNG officials.
The current Australian aid program in PNG is implemented in accordance with the PNG-Australia Aid Partnership Arrangement 2016-2017 and the Joint Understanding between Australia and Papua New Guinea on further bilateral cooperation on Health, Education and Law and Order. Together, these set out the mutually agreed priorities and commitments for Australia and PNG to work together to improve development outcomes for all Papua New Guineans.
The 2014 PNG Aid Assessment (A new direction for aid in PNG: refocusing Australian aid to help unlock PNG’s economic potential) considered ways in which Australia’s aid program could more closely align with both Governments’ priorities. This included options to better address key constraints to economic growth and equitable development in PNG. The recommendations of this assessment were agreed by the Australian and PNG Governments and represent a strategic shift in Australia’s approach to aid in PNG.
Given PNG’s sovereign responsibility and financial ability to undertake basic service delivery, Australia is increasingly focusing its efforts in the health, education, infrastructure and law and justice sectors to further develop PNG’s own capacity to deliver services to its population using its own resources.
As part of the shift in Australia’s aid investment agreed between our two Governments, we are increasing initiatives focused on private sector-led growth and aid for trade from 23 per cent to 30 per cent of the program over the next three years. This includes increased support for transport infrastructure, the business enabling environment, agriculture, innovation and partnerships and financial inclusion. We are considering ways to engage the private sector and promote private sector growth in all new aid investments.
Australia is also increasing support to initiatives that empower women to take on greater leadership roles in public and community life, and participate in the economy.
Recognising the importance of the rule of law and effective governance to PNG’s prosperity, we will augment our policing and public sector capacity building assistance.
Australia's development assistance to Bougainville aims to improve peace, stability and prosperity as the Government of PNG and the Autonomous Bougainville Government continue to implement autonomy arrangements under the Bougainville Peace Agreement. The Australian and PNG governments have agreed that Australia’s aid investments in Bougainville will rise as a proportion of Australia’s total aid to PNG.
We are also continuing to work with the PNG Government to ensure Australia’s regional and global programs complement Australia’s bilateral assistance and promote achievement of Australia’s aid objectives in PNG.