Australia is taking a consolidated, joined up approach to addressing Timor-Leste's human development challenges. Australia acknowledges the importance of supporting the delivery of quality health and educational services by the Timorese Government to meet basic human development needs and the impact of this on the productivity of the Timorese workforce.
Australia focuses on supporting:
- quality basic education
- maternal, neonatal, and child health services
- access to clean water and improved sanitation and hygiene
- improved nutrition
- access to quality services for survivors of violence and people with disability.
We will aim to ensure these services meet good-practice standards, engage communities, empower women and are accessible, including to people with disability.
Partnership for Human Development
Up to $120 million, 2016-2021
The Australia-Timor-Leste Partnership for Human Development (PHD) delivers Australia's development assistance in health, education, water, sanitation, nutrition, gender equality, disability and social protection under one consolidated, multi-sectoral approach. It will work towards strategic objective 2 of Australia's Timor-Leste Aid Investment Plan: enhancing human development. The goal of PHD is to support the people and Government of Timor-Leste to build and sustain healthy, educated and prosperous individuals and communities, who live with dignity and determine their own future.
Video: See how Australia and Timor-Leste's new partnership will build a healthy, educated and prosperous Timor-Leste
A number of existing activities are continuing under this consolidated program:
The focus of Australia's basic education support is on improving learning outcomes, specifically literacy and numeracy in the early years, through building school leadership capacity, improved teacher practice and education sector policy and systems. A key focus is to support implementation of the Ministry of Education's new child-centred basic education curriculum and the training of teachers.
Australia is providing direct support to the Ministry of Education to improve teacher quality and student learning through the Professional Learning and Mentoring program. The program was launched in April 2016 and involves tailored training for school leaders, backed up by regular classroom observation and in-classroom mentoring of teachers by international and national mentors. The program will be rolled out nationally over five years. Australia also supports the Ministry of Education to distribute its new national curriculum.
Through the Education and Literacy Materials Partnership, Australia is supporting the Alola Foundation, a Timorese non-government organisation, to train primary and pre-school teachers, and to provide mobile library services to schools and communities throughout Timor-Leste. In 2015, Australia distributed over 460,000 early grade readers in Tetun to every primary school in Timor-Leste. More than 200 scholarships are provided each year for disadvantaged girls to complete secondary school, assisting with education costs and living expenses such as transport, food and clothing.
Australia funds the Catholic Institute for Teacher Education to provide a recognised Bachelor of Education program to approximately 50 student teachers annually.
Australia is funding the Mother Tongue Pilot through the UNESCO National Commission. Under the pilot, the Timor-Leste Government's Mother Tongue Policy is being implemented in 11 schools across three districts to improve literacy and numeracy.
Australia is the largest bilateral donor supporting Timor-Leste's health sector and focuses support on improving maternal and child health. The program aims to improve the continuum of care for maternal and child health including family planning and antenatal care, delivery and postnatal care and critical care for infants and children.
Australia is funding the rollout of midwife training to ensure safe births and quality postnatal care for women. The Liga Inan 'Connecting Mums' program is using simple mobile phone technology to facilitate communication and build trust between expectant and new mothers and community health workers.
Australia is working directly with the Ministry of Health to improve health transport. The Health Ambulance and Transport project operates across Timor-Leste with almost 100 ambulances and multi-function vehicles delivering lifesaving transport to patients, 35 per cent of which are pregnant mothers experiencing complications.
Together with the Timorese Ministry of Health, the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons is implementing the Family Medicine Program to develop the clinical skills of approximately 200 junior doctors, including future general practitioners and tertiary specialists in Surgery, Paediatrics, Obstetrics, Anaesthesia and Emergency Medicine.
Australia is also funding in-country partners to provide family planning services nationally as well as health systems strengthening with support to improving national health information systems and public financial management.
Hamutuk – Nutrition Collective Impact Pilot
$3 million, 2015-2019
The Nutrition Collective Impact Pilot, known as 'Hamutuk' (meaning 'together') is a four-year innovative nutrition program. Hamutuk is a collaboration of more than 20 government and non-government organisations from multiple sectors working together to reduce the prevalence of stunting in children under two-years of age.
Ending Violence Against Women in Timor-Leste
$17.75 million, 2014-2018
Australia's Nabilan: Ending Violence Against Women program is implemented by The Asia Foundation and works across government and civil-society organisations to develop research, prevent violence as well as provide services and access to justice for survivors of violence.
National Village Development Program (PNDS) and PNDS Support Program
Up to $42 million, 2012-2017
The Timor-Leste Government's National Village Development Program (Programa Nasional Desenvolvimentu Suku—PNDS) provides annual grants of around US$50,000 to communities across Timor-Leste for small scale infrastructure projects. These projects include building or refurbishing water systems, irrigation channels, bridges, motorbike paths or market places, as well as refurbishment of schools or health posts. The program uses a community-driven development approach that empowers local communities to lead the decision-making process regarding their projects, and guides communities to build and manage their infrastructure.
Australia does not directly fund grants, but assists the Government through the PNDS Support Program to establish operational procedures, corporate systems such as finance and human resource management and monitoring and evaluation processes. Australia's support also fosters Timor-Leste Government leadership and management of the program.