Promoting women’s economic empowerment, including ethnic minorities, in Vietnam

Overview

Women, especially those from rural and ethnic minority areas in Vietnam, are much more likely than men to be excluded from economic opportunities, and to derive livelihoods from lower value, less skilled and less secure work. Women from ethnic minority groups are less likely to secure waged employment and Vietnamese women overall have less access than men to land, credit and technical training. Many ethnic minority women also have poor financial literacy, and far less influence over decisions within the home and the community.

Vietnam's National Strategy on Gender Equality 2011-2020 commits to narrowing the gender gap in the economy, ensuring women can get quality jobs, and increasing the number of female entrepreneurs. It also aspires to increase the access of poor rural and ethnic minority women to economic resources and the labour market. Empowering women to participate actively in the economy is critical to reducing poverty and building a sustainable economy, and we will work to support women's economic empowerment, including for those most excluded.

Australia will focus its support on Vietnam's northern mountainous areas, which have a higher incidence of extreme poverty. Consistent with our economic partnership, we will complement the efforts of the Government of Vietnam by identifying, trialing and scaling-up new approaches to closing gender gaps in economic livelihoods in these areas, including by working with the private sector. We will also support programs and policies that better empower women.

The Investing in Women Initiative will work in Vietnam to promote increased employment opportunities for women in the formal sector, and the expansion of women-led small to medium enterprises, contributing to more inclusive economic growth. As part of the Initiative, we will seek to promote women's leadership and decision-making in workplaces and businesses.

The Vietnam Climate Change Strategy 2011-2016 covered a range of related sectors including climate-resilient agriculture and innovative technologies, and worked with stakeholders including women and vulnerable groups. While a number of the programs developed under this strategy come to an end this year, the lessons and partnerships they generated will inform Australia's investments for 2015-2020. These have been re-framed to focus on women's economic empowerment, supporting vulnerable ethnic minorities, and stimulating innovative private sector engagement, including in agriculture and among women's small and medium enterprises. Key ongoing investments that will continue into future years include the Integrated Coastal Management Program and the Vietnam Climate Innovation Centre.

Related initiatives

Investing in Women Initiative

The Investing in Women Initiative will work in Vietnam to promote increased employment opportunities for women in the formal sector, and the expansion of women-led small to medium enterprises, contributing to more inclusive economic growth. As part of the initiative, we will seek to promote women's leadership and decision-making in workplaces and businesses The Vietnam component of this investment is expected to start in 2017.

Related documents*

Name of document Year published Type

Investment Design – South East Asia Investing in Women Initiative

2015 Design

Aus4equality

Empowering women to participate actively in the economy is critical to reducing poverty and building a sustainable economy, and we will work to support women's economic empowerment, including for those most excluded.

Australia will focus our support on Vietnam's northern mountainous areas, which have a higher incidence of extreme poverty. Consistent with our economic partnership with Vietnam, we will complement the efforts of the Government of Vietnam by identifying, trialing and scaling-up new approaches to closing gender gaps in economic livelihoods in these areas, including by working with the private sector. We will also support programs and policies that better empower women. The new investment has been designed and implementation is expected to commence in 2017.

Related documents*

Name of document Year published Type

Gender-Responsive Equitable Agriculture and Tourism (GREAT) Investment Design Document

2015 Design

Vietnam Climate Innovation Center

$3 million, 2013-2018

Australia has supported the establishment of the Vietnam Climate Innovation Center through the World Bank and with co-funding from the UK. The Center, launched on 7 December 2015, will provide small and medium enterprises – including those led by women – with the seed capital, skills and networks they need to develop and bring to the market innovative yet commercially viable climate-smart technologies. This will in turn promote private sector engagement in green growth and support Vietnam's aims as a middle-income country to reshape the economy and increase competitiveness.

Related documents*

Name of document Year published Type
Brochure: Vietnam Climate Innovation Center Climate Technology Program [PDF 1.84mb] 2015 Brochure

Related links

Integrated Coastal Management Program (ICMP)

$16.6 million, 2011-2018

Vietnam has 3,200 kilometres of coastline which is home to nearly 40 million people. The coastal environment, which millions of people depend on for their livelihoods, is under pressure from population, deforestation, erosion, flooding and the impact of climate change. Water and soil quality is diminishing and ground water levels are falling.

Through an innovative partnership with Germany, Australia is helping Vietnam manage and protect its coastal ecosystems and respond to the impacts of climate change. The Integrated Coastal Management Program (formerly known as Climate Change and Coastal Ecosystems Program) is working with communities to find practical solutions to address the range of environmental hazards being faced in coastal ecosystems. The program works with local communities in five provinces to develop climate change adaptation plans. These plans include activities like rehabilitating mangroves, improving dyke construction, promoting alternative income opportunities for communities dependent on coastal forests and demonstrating alternative farming practices. The program is also drawing on practical lessons learned to support national level policy development on climate change adaptation.

Related documents

Name of document Year published Type
Memorandum of Understanding between AusAID and BMZ 2007 Memorandum of Understanding
Vietnam Climate Change and Coastal Ecosystems Program Gender analysis November 2010 2010 Report
Kien Giang Biosphere Reserve Project—Progress review report 2010 Report
Vietnam Climate Change and Coastal Ecosystems Program—Design Document 2011 Design document
Kien Giang Biosphere Reserve Project—Lessons Learned and Practical Solutions 2011 Report
Fact sheet: Scaling up community responses to climate change and coastal conservation in the Mekong Delta 2012 Fact sheet
Vietnam Climate Change and Coastal Ecosystems Program—Fact sheet 2012 Fact sheet
Integrated Coastal Management Program Phase I: Final Report 2014 Report
Phase II Design Document - Integrated Coastal Management Programme 2014 Design document
Summary report of final evaluation and management response - Integrated Coastal Management Programme 2017 Report & management response

Related links

 



Last Updated: 9 May 2017