Australian Nuclear Security Profile

1. International Legal Framework
Instrument Status Date
Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material
+ 2005 Amendment
+ Information pursuant to Article 14.1
International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism Ratified 16/03/2012
UNSCR 1540 Committee Approved Matrix
UNSCR 1540 (S/AC.44/2004/(02)/53)
UNSCR 1540 (S/AC.44/2004/(02)/53/Add.1)
UNSCR 1540 (S/AC.44/2004/(02)/53/Add.2)
Report submitted
Report submitted
Report approved
Report approved
2. Nuclear Security related Initiatives, Partnerships and Groups
Initiative, Partnership or Group Status Year Joined
Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism (GICNT) Founding Member 2006
Global Partnership Participant 2004
Proliferation Security Initiative Participant 2003
INTERPOL Member 1948
3. Domestic Nuclear Security
Nuclear Regulatory Authorities Web-site

Australian Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Office (ASNO)
(Nuclear material and nuclear facility security)

Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA)
(Radioactive sources security, nuclear installation safety and security, and emergency preparedness and response for the Commonwealth)
Key Legislation (available on
Nuclear Non-Proliferation (Safeguards) Act 1987
Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Act 1998
Weapons of Mass Destruction Act 1995
Customs Act 1901
Customs (Prohibited Imports) Regulations 1956 & Customs (Prohibited Exports) Regulations 1958
Nuclear Security Requirements
IAEA Recommendations Implementation of INFCIRC/225/Rev.5 (NSS-13) is a requirement for all nuclear facilities regulated by ASNO. The IAEA Nuclear Security Series is cited as an international best practice which CEO ARPANSA must take into account when making licensing decisions.
Design Basis Threat Year of revisions: 2017, 2012, 2002, 1990.
4. Radioactive Sources
Item Status
Support for Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources Australian support confirmed through political commitment pursuant to GC(47)/RES/7
Supplementary Guidance on the Import and Export of Radioactive Sources Australian support confirmed through political commitment pursuant to GC(48)/RES/10
National Source Network Jurisdiction-based network of source inventories: Category 1 and 2
5. Peer Review
Type Years
International Physical Protection Advisory Service (IPPAS) November 2013
US Bilateral Security Visits pursuant to Australia-US Nuclear Cooperation Agreement 1976, 1987, 1991, 1997, 2003, 2005, 2013
Integrated Regulatory Review Service (IRRS) 2007, 2011
6. Nuclear Forensics and Detection
Type Status Years
GICNT Nuclear Forensics Working Group Chair
2010 – 2017
2010 - present
GICNT Response and Mitigation Working Group Participant 2011 – present
GICNT Nuclear Detection Working Group Participant 2010 – present
Nuclear Forensics International Technical Working Group (ITWG) Participant 2003 – present
7. Major Support and Involvement with the IAEA
Activity Detail Year(s)
Advisory Group on Nuclear Security (AdSec) Member 2013 – 2016
Nuclear Security Guidance Committee (NSGC) Member 2012 – present
Emergency Preparedness and Response Expert Group Member 2012 – 2015
Emergency Preparedness and Response Standards Committee (EPReSC) Member 2016 - present
IAEA Coordinated Research Project on the Identification of High Confidence Nuclear Forensic Signatures for the Development of Nuclear Forensics Libraries Project agreement 2012 – 2016
IAEA Radioactive Source Security Working Group Member 2012 – present
Development and review of Nuclear Security Series documents Expert consultant 2003 – present
Incident and Trafficking Database Member 1995 – present
Analytical Laboratories for the Measurement of Environmental RadioActivity (ALMERA) Member 1995 – present
Nuclear Security Fund Contributor 2002, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2013, 2014
International Physical Protection Advisory Service (IPPAS) Missions Team members 2002 – present
IAEA Nuclear Security Training Courses and other courses led by the IAEA Division of Nuclear Security Expert consultants and
8. Contributions to Outreach and Capacity Building
Activity/Event Date
GICNT ‘Presenting nuclear forensics findings in court’ workshop, Germany June 2017
GICNT 10th Plenary Meeting, Japan June 2017
EPREV Mission, Jakarta October 2016
APEX GOLD: Ministerial Level Scenario-based Policy Discussion, San Francisco February 2016
ANSTO-BATAN Knowledge exchange on nuclear forensics November 2016
GICNT Nuclear Forensics Working Group Experts Meeting, Italy November 2016
GICNT 10th Anniversary Meeting, the Netherlands June 2016
GICNT "Kangaroo Harbour" workshop and exercise, Sydney May 2016
Sponsored the Nuclear Security Summit Gift Basket Joint Statement on Forensics in Nuclear Security March 2016
IAEA Regional Training Course on Threat Assessment and a Risk Informed Approach for Nuclear Security Measures for Nuclear and Other Radioactive Material Out of Regulatory Control December 2015
GICNT ‘Blue Raven’ workshop and exercise, UK November 2015
GICNT Nuclear Forensics Working Group Experts Meeting, USA October 2015
ARPANSA-BATAN Preparation, Conduct and Evaluation of Safety and Security Exercises, Jakarta September 2015
National Workshop on IPPAS Missions – Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia June 2015
GICNT "Sugong Bagani: Envoy Warrior" workshop and exercise, Manila April 2015
Nuclear Security Summit Drafting Group Meeting on Action Plan for IAEA, Canberra April 2015
Working group on nuclear security (Asia-Pacific Safeguards Network) 2011 – present
9. Voluntary Commitments referenced in IAEA Information Circulars
IAEA INFCIRC Joint Statement Title INFCIRC Date
INFCIRC/869 Strengthening of Nuclear Security Implementation 02/10/14
INFCIRC/899 Nuclear Security Contact Group 02/11/16
INFCIRC/904 Supporting Nuclear and Radiological Terrorism Preparedness and Response Capabilities 14/12/16
INFCIRC/905 National Nuclear Detection Architectures 14/12/16
INFCIRC/908 Mitigating Insider Threats 09/01/17
INFCIRC/909 Transport Security of Nuclear Materials 10/01/17
INFCIRC/910 Strengthening the Security of High Activity Sealed Sources 30/12/16
INFCIRC/912 Minimising and Eliminating the use of Highly Enriched Uranium in Civilian Applications 16/02/17
INFCIRC/917 Forensics in Nuclear Security (Australia is sponsor) 20/04/17
INFCIRC/918 Countering Nuclear Smuggling 19/04/17
Last Updated: 9 August 2017