Australian Nuclear Security Profile

The nuclear security profile collates Australia’s commitments, contributions and partnerships in domestic and international nuclear security. By placing all of this information in one location it increases the accessibility of the basic facts and figures of Australia’s nuclear security regime. This profile provides information on:

  • International legal commitments
  • Nuclear security partnerships
  • Domestic implementation of nuclear security
  • Regulations and requirement for radioactive sources
  • Peer review activities
  • Nuclear forensics and detection
  • IAEA support and involvement
  • Outreach and capability development events and programs

Other countries could use the profile as a basis for publishing non-sensitive information regarding their nuclear security activities in an easily read format. Publishing this information can increase confidence that the basic legal and regulatory frameworks required for nuclear security are in place.

1. International Legal Framework
Instrument Status Date
Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material
+ 2005 Amendment
+ Information pursuant to Article 14.1
International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism Ratified 16/03/2012
UNSCR 1540 Committee Approved Matrix
UNSCR 1540 (S/AC.44/2004/(02)/53)
UNSCR 1540 (S/AC.44/2004/(02)/53/Add.1)
UNSCR 1540 (S/AC.44/2004/(02)/53/Add.2)
Report submitted
Report submitted
Report approved
Report approved
2. Nuclear Security related Initiatives, Partnerships and Groups
Initiative, Partnership or Group Status Year Joined
Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism (GICNT) Founding Member 2006
Global Partnership Participant 2004
Proliferation Security Initiative Participant 2003
INTERPOL Member 1948
3. Domestic Nuclear Security
Nuclear Regulatory Authorities Web-site
Australian Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Office (Nuclear material and nuclear facility security)
Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (Radioactive sources security and emergency response for the Commonwealth)
Key Legislation (available on
Nuclear Non-Proliferation (Safeguards) Act 1987
Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Act 1998
Weapons of Mass Destruction Act 1995
Customs Act 1901
Customs (Prohibited Imports) Regulations 1956 & Customs (Prohibited Exports) Regulations 1958
IAEA Recommendations Australia is a co-sponsor of INFCIRC/869. Implementation of INFCIRC/225/Rev.5 (NSS-13) is a licence requirement for all nuclear facilities.
Design Basis Threat Year of revisions: 2012, 2002, 1990.
4. Radioactive Sources
Item Status
Support for Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources Australian support confirmed through political commitment pursuant to GC(47)/RES/7
Supplementary Guidance on the Import and Export of Radioactive Sources Australian support confirmed through political commitment pursuant to GC(48)/RES/10
National Register National sealed sources register: Category 1 and 2
5. Peer review
Type Years
International Physical Protection Advisory Service (IPPAS) November 2013
US Bilateral Security Visits pursuant to Australia-US Nuclear Cooperation Agreement 1976, 1987, 1991, 1997, 2003, 2005, 2013
Integrated Regulatory Review Service (IRRS) 2007, 2011
6. Nuclear Forensics and Detection:
Type Status Years
GICNT Nuclear Forensics Working group Chair 2010 – present
GICNT Response and Mitigation Working Group Participant 2011 – present
GICNT Nuclear Detection Working Group Participant 2010 – present
Nuclear Forensics International Technical Working Group (ITWG) Participant 2003 – present
7. Major Support and Involvement with the IAEA
Activity Detail Year(s)
Advisory Group on Nuclear Security (AdSec) Member 2013 – 2016
Nuclear Security Guidance Committee (NSGC) Member 2012 – present
Emergency Preparedness and Response Expert Group Member 2012 – present
IAEA Coordinated Research Project on Identification of High Confidence Nuclear Forensic Signatures for the Development of Nuclear Forensic Libraries Participant 2012 – present
IAEA Radioactive Source Security Working Group Member 2012 – present
Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources Chairs experts group on information exchange 2007 – present
Development and review of Nuclear Security Series documents Expert consultant 2003 – present
Incident & Trafficking Database Member 1995 – present
Analytical Laboratories for the Measurement of Environmental RadioActivity (ALMERA) Member 1995 – present
Nuclear Security Fund Contributor 2002, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2013, 2014
International Physical Protection Advisory Service (IPPAS) Missions Team members 2002, 2003, 2005(2), 2013(2), 2014(2), 2015(3), 2016(1)
Regional IAEA Nuclear Security Training Courses and other courses led by IAEA Office of Nuclear Security Expert Consultants and Presenters Ongoing
Major Past Activities    
IAEA Coordinated Research Project on Application of Nuclear Forensics in Illicit Trafficking of Nuclear and other Radioactive Material Participant 2008 – 2011
Amendment to the Convention on Physical Protection of Nuclear Material Chaired Committee of the Whole at the Diplomatic Conference 2005
8. Contributions to Outreach and Capacity Building
Activity/Event Date
GICNT "Kangaroo Harbour" workshop and exercise, Sydney May 2016
Regional Training Course on Threat Assessment and a Risk Informed Approach for Nuclear Security Measures for Nuclear and Other Radioactive Material Out of Regulatory Control December 2015
National Workshop on IPPAS Missions – Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia June 2015
GICNT "Sugong Bagani: Envoy Warrior" workshop and exercise, Manila April 2015
Nuclear Security Summit Drafting Group Meeting on Action Plan for IAEA, Canberra April 2015
AISC Program: Nuclear Forensics: Enhancing nuclear security in Indonesia through knowledge sharing December 2014
15th Ministerial Level Meeting of the Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia (FNCA), Sydney November 2014
4th Workshop on Nuclear Security and Safeguards Project, Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia (FNCA), Daejeon, Korea November 2014
Regional Workshop on Integrated Nuclear Security Support Plans, Yogyakarta, Indonesia August 2014
National Workshop on IPPAS Missions – Jakarta, Indonesia July 2014
ANSTO/BATAN Information exchange on nuclear forensics June 2014
Fourth Regional Review Meeting on Radioactive Source Security, Thailand February 2014
GICNT Joint Working Group Activity "Tiger Reef" on Radiological Crime Scene Management, Malaysia February 2014
IAEA training course on Nuclear Forensics Methodologies October 2013
IAEA ANSN training course on Preparation, Conduct and Evaluation of exercises for nuclear safety and security events at nuclear facilities, Indonesia September 2013
2nd ASEAN Regional Forum Workshop on Nuclear Forensics September 2013
Technical Visit to Australia on the Implementation of Nuclear Security for the Uranium Industry June 2013
IAEA Regional Workshop on nuclear security for Pacific Island States, Fiji April 2013
IAEA regional workshop on the nuclear security in the transport of nuclear material, Sydney. December 2012
ASEAN Regional Forum Workshop on Nuclear Forensics December 2012
IAEA regional workshop on IPPAS missions, Sydney. November 2012
GICNT Nuclear Forensics workshop Iron Koala: Information Sharing during Nuclear Smuggling Events May 2012
IAEA Regional Workshop on Radiological Crime Scene Management and Introduction to Nuclear Forensics March 2012
GICNT activity Discex Hermes: Public Messaging November 2011
Working group on nuclear security (Asia-Pacific Safeguards Network) 2011 – present
Regional Security of Radioactive Sources Project 2004-2013
IAEA regional training courses on nuclear forensics and radiological crime scene management 2008 – present

Contributing Agencies

Australian Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Office

Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency

Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation

Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade

Last Updated: 27 September 2016