As well as acting at home, Australia is working with other countries to share direct, practical approaches to tackling climate change.
Climate change is a global issue. All countries must work together to address it. Australia works with other countries to deliver innovative and practical actions on climate change. We help our partners, particularly in the Indo-Pacific region, to reduce emissions and manage climate impacts, while building infrastructure, delivering economic growth and improving the environment. We are a major contributor to international initiatives like the Green Climate Fund and the Global Green Growth Institute.
Australia's Fast-start Climate Finance (2010–2013)
Australia committed A$599 million over three Australian financial years (FY2010/11 – FY2012/13) to the collective fast-start climate finance goal as part of its continued commitment to support developing countries in their efforts to respond to climate change.
A$599 million was allocated and fully programmed to support an array of climate change activities. This investment package supported a range of actions to reduce carbon emissions, enhance technology development and capacity building and help developing countries adapt to the effects of climate change. Many of these activities continue to deliver results.
Australia's fast-start finance investment package has also produced lessons for effective and sustainable climate outcomes.
For further information please visit the following link: Australia's Fast-start Climate Finance [PDF 1.28 MB]
Ongoing financial support
Australia will allocate at least $1 billion over the next five years from our existing aid budget to build climate resilience and reduce emissions.
Australia has pledged $200 million over four years to the Green Climate Fund to support developing countries to grow their economies in a sustainable way and help adapt to climate change. The Fund will leverage private sector investment and support a range of emission reduction and adaptation projects with broader economic and environmental benefits. Australia will use its position as Co-Chair of the Green Climate Fund Board to advocate for the interests of our region.
Australia is supporting developing countries to design and implement green growth strategies through its $28.3 million contribution to the Global Green Growth Institute. The Institute currently has 38 capacity building and advisory projects across 19 countries including Fiji, Vanuatu, Indonesia, Vietnam, the Philippines, China, India, Mexico and Cambodia.
We are a partner in the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, which brings together more than 100 partners to reduce and avoid emissions of fast acting pollutants, such as methane and hydrofluorocarbons.
Building on our efforts to improve resilience of the Great Barrier Reef through the Reef 2050 Plan, Australia is supporting other countries through our $13 million investment in the Coral Triangle Initiative on the management of coral reefs, fisheries and food security.
The impacts of climate change are priority issues for the Pacific region. We work closely with Pacific island countries and regional organisations to build resilience to the impacts of climate change. We have sustained and increased funding to sectors affected by climate change such as fisheries, as well as disaster preparedness. Our ongoing investment in climate science and data services continues to underpin good planning and hazards management in the Pacific.
Supporting climate and weather early warning systems in the Pacific
The Australian Government has played a leadership role in supporting Pacific National Meteorological Services and regional organisations to deliver climate and weather early warning systems. Australia will provide an additional $5 million over 4 years to the multi-donor Climate Early Warning Systems (CREWS) initiative to further enhance this work. Seasonal forecasts provide advanced warning of unusual conditions that can have major impacts on governments, businesses and communities, and provide decision-makers with information on the likelihood of drought conditions, changes in water storages and malaria risk. The El Niño will likely have significant impacts in the Pacific so the availability of tools and information is very timely.
Asia-Pacific Rainforest Recovery Plan
The world’s rainforests affect the Earth’s climate by capturing and storing millions of tonnes of carbon. The Australian Government has taken a leading role in building support for action to slow, halt and reverse the loss of rainforests. In November 2014, Environment Minister Hunt hosted the first Asia-Pacific Rainforest Summit which resulted in the Asia-Pacific Rainforest Recovery Plan. The Plan includes goals of:
- halving the rate of loss of rainforests in the region by 2020
- ending natural rainforest loss in the region by 2030 by adopting the principles of sustainable forest management
- encouraging the private sector to eliminate rainforest deforestation from the production of palm oil, paper and timber products no later than 2020
- restoring an agreed area of degraded rainforests in the region by 2020, and increasing targets by 2030.
All countries in the region to date have either formally agreed to or expressed in-principle support for the Plan and a willingness to contribute a country annex which outlines their needs, skills and capacity gaps, and requirements for assistance. Two possible examples are funding for community forestry pilot projects that generate credits while providing essential services to forest communities, and technical assistance with developing measurement, reporting and verification systems.
The Government of Brunei Darussalam will host the second Asia-Pacific Rainforest Summit, in Bandar Seri Begawan, 3-5 August 2016.
Sharing world-leading expertise in carbon accounting
Australia’s world-leading expertise in carbon accounting is helping developing countries improve their mitigation and adaptation policies, and build systems to measure emissions and monitor outcomes.
We have collaborated with China over many years to share our experience with emissions measurement and reporting systems, and to promote clean energy technology.
We are working with South Africa and Kenya to build systems to measure and report the carbon stored in land, vegetation and soils. Australia has provided $12 million to help the Kenyan Government measure and report its emissions and evaluate land-use scenarios for sustainable development.
Australia is also driving innovation through the International Savanna Fire Management Initiative to share practices pioneered by Australia’s Indigenous people to reduce emissions from high-intensity bush fires while earning carbon credits.
Australia’s work through the Global Forest Observations Initiative supports developing countries in South America, Africa and Asia to build capabilities and systems for forest carbon accounting. This will help them measure and report emissions from rainforests, fundamental to measuring progress in protecting these vital ecosystems.
Private sector engagement
Australia supports business and industry to take direct action to reduce emissions and respond to climate change in ways that create economic opportunities and jobs.
Through the Low Emissions Capacity Building Program, Australia supports ten partner countries, including Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines, to engage the private sector in initiatives that reduce emissions and improve productivity.
In Vietnam, we are funding a Climate Innovation Centre to build the capacity of enterprises to produce innovative technologies that respond to the challenges and opportunities of climate change.