International action on climate change

Distribution of emissions, 2012

This world map shows the distribution of global greenhouse gas emissions in 2012 (the latest year of the most complete and comparable data). The G20 countries make up 75.4 per cent of global emissions: China makes up 23.9 per cent, the US 13.6 per cent, the EU 9.6 per cent, India 6.6 per cent, Russia 5.1 per cent, Japan 2.9 per cent, Brazil 2.2 per cent, Indonesia 1.7 per cent, Mexico 1.6 per cent, Canada 1.6 per cent, Republic of Korea 1.5 per cent, Australia 1.3 per cent, Saudi Arabia 1.1 per cent, South Africa 1.0 per cent, Turkey 0.9 per cent, and Argentina 0.7 per cent. The map also provides emissions for other areas: Other Americas make up 2.3 per cent of global emissions, Other Europe makes up 1.8 per cent, the Middle East makes up 4.1 per cent, Other Africa makes up 4.8 per cent, Other South-East Asia makes up 2.3 per cent, Other Asia makes up 2.9 per cent, and Pacific Island Forum members make up 0.2 per cent.

Kyoto Protocol Second Commitment Period

This world map shows the 37 countries which have targets under the Second Commitment Period of the Kyoto Protocol. These countries are Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine and the United Kingdom. These countries make up 13.4 per cent of global emissions.

2020 pledges under the Cancun Agreements

This world map shows the 100 countries which have 2020 targets under the Cancun Agreements. 46 countries have quantifiable and unconditional targets. In total 81.7 per cent of global emissions are covered by 2020 pledges.

Post-2020 Intended Nationally Determined Commitments

This world map shows the 187 countries (as of 15 December 2015) who have submitted Post-2020 Intended Nationally Determined Commitments (INDCs) to the UNFCCC. Collectively, these countries make up over 96 per cent of global emissions; 98 per cent of the world’s population; over 99 per cent of global GDP and 99.8 per cent of Australia’s two-way goods and services trade. 132 countries have quantifiable and unconditional post-2020 targets, compared to 46 for 2020.

Global coverage of various climate agreements

This bar graph shows the global coverage of various climate agreements: the Kyoto Protocol Second Commitment Period, Cancun Pledges, and Post-2020 Intended Nationally Determined Commitments (INDCs). It shows that Post-2020 INDCs have a higher coverage than the other agreements across all metrics that are measured: countries, emissions, population, GDP, Australian exports, Australian imports, Australian two-way trade, all categories of Australian exports, and global exports, imports and trade.
Last Updated: 18 November 2015