Medium Neutral Citation in Treaties and Related Documents

The Commonwealth Government has adopted the medium neutral citation system for the Australian Treaties Series on both the Australian Treaties Database (ATD) on the DFAT website and the Australian Treaties Library (ATL) on the AustLII website. Under this system a unique three-part identifier (citation) is assigned to the full name of each new treaty record. This allows users to find exact references to individual treaties and this citation can be used as a search term for locating references to this document in other legal materials (where this citation has been inserted).

The citation is in the following format:

[<year of publication>] <designator> <sequential number>

(In the Australian Treaties Library the sequence number for each type of document starts at '1' every year)

Thus, the third Treaty published in the Australian Treaty Series for 2001:

"Convention on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel (New York, 9 December 1994)" is cited as

Convention on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel (New York, 9 December 1994) [2001] ATS 3

Similarly, the twenty-first National Interest Analysis of 2001:

"Protocol to the Agreement between Australia and the Republic of Austria on Social Security, done at Vienna on 26 June 2001" is referred to as

Protocol to the Agreement between Australia and the Republic of Austria on Social Security, done at Vienna on 26 June 2001 [2001] ATNIA 21

Citation for Australian Treaties Not Yet in Force also follow the same standard. For example the seventh Australian Treaty not yet in force for 2001:

"Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutant (Stockholm 22-23 May 2001)" is referred to as

Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (Stockholm 22-23 May 2001) [2001] ATNIF 7

Many treaty texts refer, however, to other treaties. To maximise the efficiency of both the ATD and the ATL, the Treaties Secretariat would be grateful if in future, such references could be accompanied by the relevant identifyer.

For example the:

Agreement Between the Government of Australia and the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt Regarding Cooperation on Protecting the Welfare of Children
(Cairo, 22 October 2000)
Australian Treaty Series
[2002] ATS 3

refers to three other Conventions are referred to in the text. These should include an ATS medium neutral citation as set out below:

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (New York, 20 November 1989) [1991] ATS 4

Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (18 April, 1961) [1968] ATS 3

Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (24 April, 1963) [1973] ATS 7

Abbreviations:

ATS = Australian Treaty Series
ATNIA = Australian Treaty National Interest Analysis
ATNIF = Australian Treaty not yet in force

Last Updated: 11 January 2013