Memorandum of Understanding between the Republic of Nauru and the Commonwealth of Australia, relating to the transfer to and assessment of persons in Nauru, and related issues
Regional resettlement arrangement
Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime
People smuggling and trafficking in persons are serious transnational crimes that require a concerted regional response. People smuggling exposes many thousands of irregular migrants to unacceptable risk and undermines the integrity of our borders. Trafficking in persons is a complex, multi-faceted crime and a major violation of human rights. Australia seeks to address these issues by working bilaterally with source, transit and destination countries and multilaterally through the Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime (the Bali Process), which Australia co-founded and co-chairs with Indonesia.
The Bali Process is a regional, multilateral process designed to boost bilateral and regional cooperative efforts against people smuggling and trafficking in persons through technical workshops and increased cooperation between interested countries, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and International Organization for Migration (IOM). Overall direction and coordination of the Bali Process is provided through an officials' level Steering Group comprising Indonesia and Australia as the two co-chairs, New Zealand, Thailand, UNHCR and IOM.
Since its inception in 2002, the Bali Process has raised regional awareness of the consequences of people smuggling and trafficking in persons and developed strategies and practical cooperative measures in response. More information on recent activities can be found on the The Bali Process website.
At the Fourth Bali Process Regional Ministerial Conference in March 2011, Ministers agreed to establish a regional cooperation framework to better address irregular migration. This represents a significant step forward and a clear recognition by Bali Process members of the need for a cooperative international response to an enduring and complex regional and global challenge.
Australia is a State party to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (UNTOC) and its Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air.
Trafficking in persons
The Australian Government is committed to working in partnership with other governments, international organisations and civil society to prevent trafficking in persons, bring the perpetrators to justice, and protect and support victims.
At the Fourth Bali Process Regional Ministerial Conference in March 2011, Ministers agreed to reinvigorate Bali Process cooperation on practical measures and activities aimed at increasing the capacity of countries to address trafficking in persons.
Australia is a State party to the UNTOC and its Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children.
More information on Australia's comprehensive, whole-of-government approach to combating trafficking in persons domestically and internationally can be found on the People Trafficking web page of the Attorney General's Department.
People Smuggling, Refugees and Immigration Section
International Organisations Branch
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
RG Casey Building
John McEwen Crescent
Barton ACT 0221 Australia
- Phone: (61 2) 6261 1111
- Fax: (61 2) 6261 2272