Agricultural Trade

Around two-thirds of Australian agricultural production is exported. As part of efforts to reduce distortions in global agricultural trade and improve market access for Australian exports, Australia is committed to agricultural trade reform in the WTO.

Australia is chair of the WTO Cairns Group coalition of 19 agricultural exporting countries. The Cairns Group brings together a diverse range of developed and developing countries from Latin America, Africa and the Asia-Pacific region, and has been an influential voice in the agricultural reform debate since its formation in 1986.

Members of the cairns group
Argentina Chile Malaysia The Philippines
Australia Colombia New Zealand South Africa
Bolivia Costa Rica Pakistan Thailand
Brazil Guatemala Paraguay Uruguay
Canada Indonesia Peru

Agriculture, fisheries & forestry exports

($ billion)

A$31,728b in 2002; A$25,119b in 2003; A$30,048b in 2004; A$27,833b in 2005; A$29,351b in 2006; A$26,950b in 2007; A$30,973b in 2008; A$29,900b in 2009; A$30,091b in 2010; A$36,142b in 2011; A$37,158b in 2012

Based on ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database.

Australia's top agriculture, fisheries & forestry exports(a) 2012

Rank Commodity (b)(c) $ million % share
1 Wheat 6,531 17.6
2 Beef 4,754 12.8
3 Cotton 2,626 7.1
4 Wool & other animal hair (incl tops) 2,524 6.8
5 Meat (excl beef) 2,370 6.4
6 Wine 1,891 5.1
7 Oil-seeds & oleaginous fruits, soft 1,780 4.8
8 Barley 1,317 3.5
9 Animal feed 1,301 3.5
10 Vegetables 1,249 3.4
11 Milk, cream, whey & yoghurt 1,234 3.3
12 Live animals (excl seafood) 1,050 2.8
13 Hides & skins, raw (excl furskins) 819 2.2
14 Edible products & preparations 810 2.2
15 Cheese & curd 740 2.0
16 Fruit & nuts 670 1.8
17 Wood in chips or particles 666 1.8
18 Cereal preparations 664 1.8
19 Crustaceans 632 1.7
20 Rice 343 0.9
Total agriculture, fisheries & forestry exports 37,158 100.0

(a) Based on the WTO definition of agriculture, fisheries & forestry, which includes alcoholic beverages but excludes confidential raw sugar in bulk. Data for confidential raw sugar in bulk are released with a six-month lag. In 2012, raw sugar in bulk exports totalled $1.2 billion.
(b) Recorded trade basis.
(c) Excludes confidential items of trade.
Based on ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database.