Sanctions

Eritrea

Australia fully implements the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) sanctions regime in relation to Eritrea. 

The UNSC adopted resolution 1907 (2009) on 23 December 2009 imposing the sanctions regime in response to the ongoing border dispute between Djibouti and Eritrea, and Eritrea’s support to armed groups destabilising and undermining peace and reconciliation in Somalia, which the UNSC determined constituted a threat to international peace and security.  The sanctions regime has been amended and renewed by several subsequent UNSC resolutions.

Any Australian business involved in the mining sector in Eritrea should exercise due diligence to ensure funds derived from their involvement are not contributing to breaches by Eritrea of the arms embargo in relation to Somalia.

This page summarises the current sanctions measures imposed by the UNSC and implemented by Australia in relation to Eritrea.

This page also includes information on de-listing requests from a designated person or entity and useful links.

Restrictions on the export or supply of goods

Australian law prohibits the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer to Eritrea of the following ‘export sanctioned goods’:

  • arms or related matériel

without a sanctions permit.

Conditions for the grant of a sanctions permit

The Minister for Foreign Affairs may grant a sanctions permit authorising the supply of arms or related matériel to Eritrea if the supply:

  • is a supply of protective clothing that is temporarily exported to Eritrea for the personal use of a member of the personnel of the United Nations, or a representative of the media, or a humanitarian or development worker or an associated person; or
  • is a supply of non-lethal military equipment that is intended solely for humanitarian or protective use.

If you assess that your activity satisfies these conditions, you may apply for a sanctions permit using the Online Sanctions Administration System (OSAS).

The Minister may need to receive the approval of the UNSC Somalia and Eritrea Sanctions Committee before granting a sanctions permit.

Implementing legislation

Restrictions on the export or provision of services

Australian law prohibits the direct or indirect provision to Eritrea, or to a person or entity in Eritrea, of:

  • technical assistance or training; or
  • financial or other assistance, including investment, brokering or other financial services

related to:

  • military activities; or
  • the supply, sale, transfer, manufacture, maintenance or use of arms or related matériel.

Conditions for the grant of a sanctions permit

The Minister may not grant a sanctions permit authorising the provision of a service that would contravene this prohibition.

Implementing legislation

Restrictions on the import or procurement of goods

Australian law prohibits the procurement from Eritrea, or from a person or entity in Eritrea, of the following ‘import sanctioned goods’:

  • arms or related matériel.

Conditions for the grant of a sanctions permit

The Minister for Foreign Affairs may not grant a sanctions permit authorising the procurement of arms or related matériel from Eritrea.

Implementing legislation

Restrictions on the import or procurement of services

Australian law prohibits the direct or indirect procurement from Eritrea, or a person or entity in Eritrea, of:

  • technical assistance or training; or
  • financial or other assistance, including investment, brokering or other financial services

related to:

  • military activities; or
  • the supply, sale, transfer, manufacture, maintenance or use of arms or related matériel.

Conditions for the grant of a sanctions permit

The Minister may not grant a sanctions permit authorising the procurement of a service that would contravene this prohibition.

Implementing legislation

Targeted financial sanctions

Australian law prohibits:

  • the use of or dealing with an asset that is owned or controlled by a ‘designated person or entity’ for Eritrea; and
  • making an asset available directly or indirectly to, or for the benefit of, a ‘designated person or entity’ for Eritrea

without a sanctions permit.

An ‘asset’ is defined broadly to include an asset or property of any kind, whether tangible or intangible, movable or immovable.

The Consolidated List includes the names of all designated persons and entities.

Conditions for the grant of a sanctions permit

The Minister for Foreign Affairs may be able to grant a sanctions permit authorising an activity that would contravene these prohibitions if the activity is:

  • a ‘basic expense dealing’;
  • a ‘legally required dealing’; or
  • an ‘extraordinary expense dealing’

as those terms are defined in regulation 5 of the Charter of the United Nations (Dealing with Assets) Regulations 2008.

If you assess that your activity satisfies this condition, you may apply for a sanctions permit using the Online Sanctions Administration System (OSAS).

The Minister may need to notify or receive the approval of the UNSC Somalia and Eritrea Sanctions Committee before granting a sanctions permit.

Implementing legislation

Travel bans

Australian law prohibits the entry into or transit through Australia of a ‘designated person’ for Eritrea without UNSC authorisation.

The Consolidated List includes the names of all designated persons.

Implementing legislation

De-listing requests from a designated person or entity

A person or entity designated for the purposes of the UNSC sanctions regime in relation to Eritrea may submit a de-listing request either through the Focal Point for De-Listing established by UNSC resolution 1730 (2006), or through the person or entity’s country of citizenship or residence.