IAEA and Peaceful Nuclear Uses
The International Atomic Energy Agency
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is a specialised agency within the United Nations system dedicated to scientific and technical cooperation in the nuclear field and the promotion of peaceful uses of nuclear technology. The IAEA also acts as the international inspectorate for the application of nuclear safeguards and verification measures covering civilian nuclear programs. As such, it plays a vital role in verifying that nuclear material is not diverted from civilian uses to military or explosive purposes.
Australia and the IAEA
Australia was one of the founding members of the IAEA upon its formation in 1957, and has held a designated seat on the Board of Governors since formation. Membership of the Board of Governors gives Australia an optimal platform from which to pursue its non-proliferation policy interests. Australia is a major contributor to the IAEA's Regular Budget, and to the Technical Cooperation Fund which provides funds for cooperation in peaceful nuclear uses. Australia also participates in numerous regional activities through the IAEA, focused on peaceful nuclear cooperation.
The Australian Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Office (ASNO) acts as Australia's national safeguards authority, responsible for the performance of Australia's safeguards and non-proliferation obligations and for facilitating IAEA safeguards activities in Australia.