Quick Guide: Key Resources, Energy and Manufacturing Outcomes

Australia exported around $74 billion worth of resources, energy and manufacturing products to China in 2016, more than a quarter of our total goods exports to all countries.

Under the China-Australia Free Trade Agreement (ChAFTA), 92.8 per cent of China’s imports of resources, energy and manufacturing products from Australia will enter duty-free from entry into force (EIF), 20 December 2015, increasing to 99.9 by 1 January 2029.

Key outcomes include:

  • Coking coal: 3 per cent tariff eliminated immediately on 20 December 2015
  • Thermal coal: 6 per cent tariff completely eliminated on 1 January 2017
  • Aluminium (unwrought): 5 and 7 per cent tariffs completely eliminated by 1 January 2019
  • Nickel (mattes and oxides): 3 per cent tariff immediately eliminated on 20 December 2015
  • Zinc (unwrought): 3 per cent tariff immediately eliminated on 20 December 2015
  • Titanium dioxide and titanium white (for paint): 6.5 and 10 per cent tariffs completely eliminated by 1 January 2019
  • Pharmaceuticals, vitamins and health products: 3 to 10 per cent tariffs immediately eliminated either on 20 December 2015, or by 1 January 2019
  • Orthopaedic appliances and hearing aids: 4 per cent tariff immediately eliminated on 20 December 2015
  • Car parts and engines: 10 per cent tariff completely eliminated by 1 January 2019
  • Centrifuges: 10 per cent tariff completely eliminated by 1 January 2019
  • Plastic products: 6.5 to 14 per cent tariffs completely eliminated by 1 January 2019
  • Precious stones - including opals: 3 and 8 per cent tariffs completely eliminated by 1 January 2019
  • Pearls: 21 per cent tariff completely eliminated by 1 January 2019.

ChAFTA also locks-in zero tariffs on major exports such as iron ore, gold, crude petroleum oils and liquefied natural gas, providing greater certainty for Australian exporters.

More detail on the resource, energy and manufacturing outcomes can be found in the detailed fact sheet, or in the full text of the China-Australia Free Trade Agreement.

Fact sheet updated September 2017

Last Updated: 27 September 2017

Contact us

  • Email: chinafta@dfat.gov.au
  • Phone: (+61 2) 6261 1888 (within standard business hours)
  • Mail:
    China FTA Coordinator
    Free Trade Agreement Division
    Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade,
    R.G. Casey Building, John McEwen Crescent
    BARTON ACT 0221

For media enquiries, please call DFAT Media Liaison Section (+61 2) 6261 1555.

More information about China

Department of Immigration and Border Protection

For all Australian customs matters, including import requirements and procedures, advance rulings, enquiries about tariff classifications and rules of origin.