Statistics on who invests in Australia

Foreign economies had a total of $3.3 trillion invested in Australia at the end of 2017.

Which economies invest in Australia?

The United States and United Kingdom are the biggest investors in Australia, followed by Belgium, Japan and Hong Kong (SAR of China).

China is our ninth largest foreign investor, with 2.0 per cent of the total. However, the levels of Hong Kong (SAR of China) and Chinese investment in Australia have grown significantly over the past decade.

The table below shows the top 20 foreign investors in Australia at the end of 2017. Yearly values are in A$ billion and include both direct, portfolio investment and other investment.

Which economies invest in Australia?
2017, A$ billion

Rank in 2017 Economy 2015 2016 2017 % of total % change 2016 to 2017 5-year trend % growth
1 United States 876.4 853.2 896.9 27.5 5.1 6.9
2 United Kingdom 481.4 520.7 481.4 14.7 -7.6 4.2
3 Belgium 247.1 270.1 305.3 9.3 13.0 9.6
4 Japan 201.6 215.7 219.2 6.7 1.6 7.6
5 Hong Kong (SAR of China) 86.3 102.2 116.6 3.6 14.1 17.0
6 Singapore 98.7 91.2 82.0 2.5 -10.1 5.6
7 Luxembourg 60.3 74.5 81.0 2.5 8.8 4.7
8 Netherlands 66.3 76.6 79.0 2.4 3.2 15.9
9 China 75.4 84.1 65.0 2.0 -22.8 21.6
10 Switzerland 54.2 58.5 53.7 1.6 -8.2 -2.7
11 Canada 38.3 41.6 47.3 1.4 13.8 9.8
12 Germany 41.0 43.3 47.2 1.4 9.0 16.1
13 New Zealand 39.7 44.9 45.1 1.4 0.3 9.9
14 Bermuda 25.1 27.0 28.9 0.9 7.1 25.7
15 Republic of Korea 23.4 25.0 26.3 0.8 5.3 12.8
16 France 22.0 28.0 24.8 0.8 -11.5 8.6
17 Virgin Islands, British 22.9 24.2 24.3 0.7 0.6 5.3
18 Ireland 20.5 26.1 23.8 0.7 -9.0 10.5
19 Malaysia 20.4 21.3 21.3 0.7 -0.1 4.0
20 Norway 13.5 15.8 19.9 0.6 25.8 23.4
  All economies 3,033.2 3,181.7 3,266.4   2.7 7.6

Based on ABS catalogue 5352.0. Last updated: May 2018.

How does this compare with other economies?

Australia has the 13th-highest amount of direct foreign inward investment in the world.

The table below shows how our level of direct inward investment compared with other economies in 2017. Yearly values are in US$ billion.

Economies ranked by direct foreign inward investment
2017, US$ billion

Rank in 2017 Economy 2015 2016 2017 % of total % change 2016 to 2017 5-year trend % growth
1 United States 5,709.7 6,555.6 7,807.0 24.8 19.1 13.2
2 Hong Kong (SAR of China) 1,591.6 1,626.0 1,968.6 6.2 21.1 8.7
3 United Kingdom 1,408.0 1,475.6 1,563.9 5.0 6.0 0.6
4 China 1,220.9 1,354.6 1,490.9 4.7 10.1 12.3
5 Singapore 1,089.8 1,123.3 1,284.9 4.1 14.4 8.9
6 Canada 796.7 974.2 1,084.4 3.4 11.3 1.1
7 Switzerland 886.7 987.5 1,059.8 3.4 7.3 6.4
8 Netherlands 739.3 832.7 974.7 3.1 17.1 6.2
9 Germany 775.7 786.1 931.3 3.0 18.5 -4.1
10 Ireland 888.2 842.9 880.2 2.8 4.4 22.4
11 France 687.4 704.9 874.5 2.8 24.1 2.9
12 Brazil 568.2 703.3 778.3 2.5 10.7 -0.1
13 Australia 537.7 576.8 662.3 2.1 14.8 1.0
14 British Virgin Islands 579.9 623.4 661.7 2.1 6.2 9.5
15 Spain 543.9 552.5 644.4 2.0 16.6 -1.5
16 Belgium 551.8 500.3 566.9 1.8 13.3 0.6
17 Mexico 502.0 473.5 489.1 1.6 3.3 0.7
18 Russian Federation 262.7 393.9 446.6 1.4 13.4 -1.5
19 Italy 340.5 347.5 413.2 1.3 18.9 0.9
20 India 282.6 318.5 377.7 1.2 18.6 11.2
  All economies 25,665.0 27,663.1 31,524.4   14.0 4.5

Source: UNCTADstat database. Last updated: June 2018.

Last Updated: 13 June 2018