Trade and economic statistics

Australia's two way trade in goods and services was worth nearly $650 billion in 2013 — a vital component of Australia's economic prosperity.

What is the composition of Australia's trade? How many countries does Australia trade with? What are Australia's top 10 trading partners? Which regions are most important to Australia's trade?

In the following pages, the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade provides the answers to these questions and more: a wealth of trade-related information, statistics and analysis at your fingertips.

Table 2: Australia's trade by level of processing (a) (A$ million)
  2012-13 2013-14 % change
2012-13 to
2013-14
Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 % change
May-14 to
Jun-14
Exports  
Primary products (b) 184,884 210,127 13.7 17,372 16,794 16,842 0.3
Unprocessed food 15,184 15,451 1.8 1,480 1,417 1,104 -22.1
Processed food 15,920 18,955 19.1 1,508 1,634 1,673 2.4
Minerals (b) 79,317 96,773 22.0 8,162 7,596 7,117 -6.3
Fuels (b) 66,980 71,267 6.4 5,760 5,495 6,062 10.3
Other primary 7,482 7,681 2.7 462 652 887 36.0
Manufactured products 39,446 42,025 6.5 3,307 3,725 3,602 -3.3
STM (excl Nickel) (c) 12,330 13,659 10.8 1,203 1,100 1,211 10.1
ETM (d) 27,116 28,365 4.6 2,104 2,625 2,391 -8.9
Other goods (incl gold) 22,652 21,405 -5.5 1,650 1,597 1,746 9.3
Services 52,808 57,606 9.1 5,001 4,913 4,661 -5.1
BOP adjustment (e) 1,937 857 -55.8 11 63 85 ..
Total exports (f) 301,727 332,020 10.0 27,341 27,092 26,936 -0.6
Imports
Primary products 55,672 60,963 9.5 4,573 5,218 5,072 -2.8
Unprocessed food 1,614 1,922 19.1 140 153 152 -0.7
Processed food 10,940 12,993 18.8 1,042 1,110 998 -10.1
Minerals 1,025 845 -17.6 49 72 81 12.5
Fuels 40,793 43,666 7.0 3,213 3,754 3,715 -1.0
Other primary 1,300 1,537 18.2 129 130 126 -3.1
Manufactured products 170,896 180,061 5.4 14,796 14,923 14,394 -3.5
STM (c) 14,118 14,875 5.4 1,485 1,367 1,236 -9.6
ETM (d) 156,778 165,186 5.4 13,311 13,556 13,158 -2.9
Other goods (incl gold) 10,104 11,127 10.1 848 924 830 -10.2
Services 66,365 71,934 8.4 6,080 5,764 6,115 6.1
BOP adjustment (e) 18,721 14,010 -25.2 1,615 1,158 1,219 5.3
Total imports (f) 321,758 338,095 5.1 27,912 27,987 27,630 -1.3
  1. Goods on a recorded trade basis, Services on balance of payments basis, original data.
  2. Includes the ABS adjustment for iron ore and coal (refer to ABS catalogue 5368.0, June 2014 - page 5).
  3. STM - Simply transformed manufactures.
  4. ETM - Elaborately transformed manufactures.
  5. BOP adjustment includes low-value goods for imports and timing and valuation adjustments.
  6. BOP basis.

Based on DFAT STARS database and ABS catalogue 5368.0.

 

Exports 2013-14
Exports % share
Primary products (b) 210,127 63.3
STM (excl Nickel) (c) 13,659 4.1
ETM (d) 28,365 8.5
Other goods (incl gold) 21,405 6.4
Services 57,606 17.4
BOP adjustment 857 0.3
Total exports 332,020

Imports 2013-14
Imports % share
Primary products 60,963 18.0
STM (b) 14,875 4.4
ETM (c) 165,186 48.9
Other goods (incl gold) 11,127 3.3
Services 71,934 21.3
BOP adjustment 14,010 4.1
Total exports 338,095

Table 3: Australia's merchandise exports by selected region and major trading partners (a) (A$ million)
Country/Region (b) 2012 2013 % change
2012 to
2013
Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 % change
May-14 to
Jun-14
Africa (c) 3,493 3,572 2.3 247 305 178 -41.8
Americas (c) 13,975 12,953 -7.3 1,004 1,187 1,215 2.4
Canada (d) 1,645 1,382 -16.0 87 81 122 50.8
United States (d) 9,380 9,580 2.1 794 917 944 2.9
Latin America (c) 2,870 1,937 -32.5 117 181 140 -22.6
East Asia (c) 176,958 196,831 11.2 17,337 16,013 17,268 7.8
China (d) 72,973 94,655 29.7 8,500 7,351 8,439 14.8
Hong Kong (SAR of China) 2,595 2,609 0.5 221 238 237 -0.2
Japan (d) 47,794 47,501 -0.6 3,861 3,782 3,933 4.0
Republic of Korea (d) 19,800 19,610 -1.0 1,764 1,395 1,743 25.0
Taiwan (d) 8,007 7,356 -8.1 624 611 584 -4.4
ASEAN 10 (c) 25,691 25,022 -2.6 2,364 2,629 2,322 -11.7
Indonesia (d) 4,857 5,162 6.3 379 460 567 23.3
Malaysia (d) 5,076 5,561 9.6 367 455 516 13.5
Philippines 1,809 1,372 -24.2 131 176 70 -60.4
Singapore 7,083 5,659 -20.1 755 723 487 -32.6
Thailand (d) 4,897 4,909 0.2 418 533 426 -20.0
Europe (c) 19,438 15,654 -19.5 994 1,166 1,134 -2.7
European Union 28 (c) 17,075 13,009 -23.8 850 986 887 -10.1
France 1,077 1,248 15.9 42 88 49 -43.7
Germany (d) 1,989 1,933 -2.8 76 112 130 16.2
Italy (d) 834 715 -14.2 35 77 26 -66.5
Netherlands (d) 2,914 2,395 -17.8 194 156 164 5.0
United Kingdom (d) 6,699 3,859 -42.4 229 348 246 -29.3
Middle East (c) 6,769 8,642 27.7 580 917 792 -13.7
  Saudi Arabia (d) 1,734 2,189 26.2 151 256 181 -29.5
Oceania & Antarctica (c) 11,329 11,030 -2.6 844 1,049 877 -16.4
  New Zealand (d) 7,414 7,399 -0.2 582 695 613 -11.8
Southern Asia (c) 13,650 10,729 -21.4 689 867 975 12.4
  India (d) 12,213 9,517 -22.1 617 756 857 13.4
Total merchandise exports (e) 249,236 263,467 5.7 22,340 22,179 22,275 0.4
  1. Recorded trade basis, original data.
  2. Country and region totals exclude selected confidential export commodities from June 2013 onwards for all countries. Refer to Confidential Commodities List (ABS catalogue 5372.0.22.001) for more information.
  3. Country groups include actual exports totals for Argentina, Belguim, Brazil, Canada, China, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Netherlands, NZ, Korea, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Taiwan, Thailand, UK and US, where relevant for 2013.
  4. For CY2013 Canada, China, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, NZ, Korea, Saudi Arabia,Taiwan, Thailand, UK and US are actual export totals based on unpublished ABS data and includes all confidential export commodities.
  5. BOP basis. Based on ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database and ABS catalogue 5368.0.
Exports by geographic regions 2013
  % share
Americas (c) 12,953 4.9
East Asia (c) 196,831 74.7
Europe (c) 15,654 5.9
Middle
East (c)
8,642 3.3
Oceania & Antarctica (c) 11,030 4.2
Other 18,357 7.0

Top three countries for 2013-14 FY
Jun 2013 July 2013 August 2013 Sept 2013 Oct 2013 Nov 2013 Dec 2013 Jan 2013 Feb 2013 Mar 2014 April 2013 May 2013 June 2013
China 7,626 7,725 8,615 8,467 8,974 8,597 9,453 8,139 7,872 8,676 8,500 7,351 8,439
Japan 4,133 4,142 4,460 4,037 3,708 3,846 4,457 3,945 3,985 4,308 3,861 3,782 3,933
Rep of Korea 1,633 1,791 1,603 1,675 1,564 1,713 1,804 1,794 1,761 1,872 1,764 1,395 1,743

Table 4: Australia's merchandise imports by selected region and major trading partners (a) (A$ million)
Country/Region 2012 2013 % change
2012 to
2013
Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 % change
May-14 to
Jun-14
Africa 6,897 5,804 -15.9 376 421 518 22.9
Americas (c) 38,393 34,213 -10.9 2,810 2,912 2,751 -5.6
Canada 2,300 1,999 -13.1 128 188 136 -27.7
United States (c) 30,511 26,681 -12.6 2,205 2,223 2,151 -3.2
Latin America 4,821 4,952 2.7 420 473 429 -9.4
East Asia 123,755 126,961 2.6 10,705 11,099 10,901 -1.8
China 44,462 47,250 6.3 4,028 3,991 3,767 -5.6
Hong Kong (SAR of China) 1,192 1,220 2.4 92 87 88 1.2
Japan 19,045 18,914 -0.7 1,483 1,337 1,379 3.1
Republic of Korea 9,858 10,168 3.1 625 1,123 1,250 11.4
Taiwan 3,740 3,990 6.7 323 302 329 9.0
ASEAN 10 45,439 45,405 -0.1 4,152 4,257 4,084 -4.1
Indonesia 6,330 6,037 -4.6 550 624 474 -24.1
Malaysia 9,641 9,480 -1.7 890 1,096 966 -11.9
Philippines 488 740 51.6 65 62 45 -27.5
Singapore 14,489 12,933 -10.7 1,263 1,354 1,143 -15.6
Thailand 10,179 11,393 11.9 792 755 870 15.3
Europe 47,326 47,614 0.6 4,093 4,352 4,094 -5.9
European Union 28 42,665 42,437 -0.5 3,644 3,762 3,573 -5.0
France 3,818 4,007 5.0 350 329 354 7.5
Germany 11,226 11,428 1.8 995 1,105 942 -14.8
Italy 5,351 5,782 8.1 421 466 434 -6.8
Netherlands 1,922 1,729 -10.1 192 155 151 -2.5
United Kingdom 6,716 6,195 -7.8 478 527 484 -8.1
Middle East 5,447 6,078 11.6 385 237 234 -1.6
  Saudi Arabia 479 269 -43.7 73 47 9 -81.2
Oceania & Antarctica 11,159 10,855 -2.7 963 1,037 969 -6.5
  New Zealand 7,260 7,401 1.9 598 650 577 -11.1
Southern Asia 3,282 3,222 -1.8 292 391 270 -30.9
  India 2,589 2,400 -7.3 206 327 202 -38.3
Total merchandise exports (e) 260,875 258,936 -0.7 21,832 22,223 21,515 -3.2
  1. Recorded trade basis, original data.
  2. Country and region totals exclude selected confidential import commodities from September 2008 onwards.
  3. 2012 and 2013 based on unpublished ABS data & includes confidential items for the US only.
  4. BOP basis. Based on ABS trade data on DFAT STARS database and ABS catalogue 5368.0.
Imports by geographic region 2013
  % share
Americas (c) 34,213 13.2
East Asia (c) 126,961 49.0
Europe (c) 47,614 18.4
Middle East (c) 6,078 2.3
Oceania & Antarctica (c) 10,855 4.2
Other 33,214 12.8

Top three countries for 2013-14 FY
Jun 2013 July 2013 August 2013 Sept 2013 Oct 2013 Nov 2013 Dec 2013 Jan 2013 Feb 2013 Mar 2014 April 2013 May 2013 June 2013
China 3,401 4,050 4,500 4,698 4,665 4,788 4,195 4,536 3,530 3,269 4,028 3,991 3,767
United States 1,930 2,514 2,123 1,986 2,339 2,065 1,950 2,203 2,013 2,296 2,205 2,223 2,151
Singapore 969 1,035 890 1,125 1,119 1,118 983 1,118 881 1,028 1,263 1,354 1,143


Last Updated: 28 October 2014