Where does Australia invest?

Australian businesses are significant global investors, with the total value of outward investment from Australia close to $2.2 trillion at the end of 2016.

The United States and the United Kingdom are the two largest destinations for outwards investment at $617 billion and $351 billion respectively. Australian investment in major Asian economies (China, India, Hong Kong (SAR of China), Japan, the Republic of Korea, Taiwan and all ASEAN members) has increased from $98 billion in 2006 to $381 billion in 2016.

The Australian government is working to support Australian investors and their investments in other economies. This includes international efforts to promote a more predictable and transparent environment for investment and regulatory arrangements that are more conducive to the cross-border flow of investment.

Where does Australia invest?
2016, A$ billion
Rank
in 2016
Country 2014 2015 2016 % of total % change 2015
to 2016
5-year trend
% growth
1 United States 574.9 606.9 617.4 28.4 1.7 10.5
2 United Kingdom 329.7 351.6 350.5 16.1 -0.3 13.5
3 Japan 70.1 94.1 108.3 5.0 15.1 27.3
4 New Zealand 99.1 97.8 106.9 4.9 9.3 8.2
5 China 57.7 70.5 87.9 4.0 24.6 41.2
6 Germany 65.5 67.3 65.8 3.0 -2.2 9.6
7 Singapore 49.5 64.1 61.5 2.8 -3.9 25.0
8 France 42.3 46.4 55.1 2.5 18.7 15.0
9 Cayman Islands 39.2 49.2 53.2 2.5 8.1 23.1
10 Hong Kong (SAR of China) 46.3 48.5 52.9 2.4 9.2 20.4
11 Canada 42.4 42.4 42.4 2.0 0.0 -1.5
12 Netherlands 38.1 39.7 42.1 1.9 6.1 9.0
13 Switzerland 26.7 19.9 20.5 0.9 2.7 1.7
14 Papua New Guinea 18.9 18.2 18.0 0.8 -1.1 1.4
15 Luxembourg 17.3 17.7 17.6 0.8 -0.5 1.6
16 Republic of Korea 15.5 15.2 17.4 0.8 14.2 ..
17 Bermuda 9.4 14.6 16.5 0.8 13.1 8.7
18 Ireland 9.2 9.9 12.9 0.6 29.9 25.1
19 India 9.8 10.7 10.3 0.5 -3.0 ..
20 Sweden 7.2 7.6 9.3 0.4 21.2 15.6
  All countries 1,926.0 2,078.5 2,170.8   4.4 11.5

Based on ABS catalogue 5352.0
Last Updated: July 2017


Australia's rank in global foreign direct investment: Outward stock, 2016
Rank in
2016
Country 2014 2015 2016 % of total % change 2015
to 2016
5-year trend
% growth
1 United States 6,225.1 6,005.7 6,383.8 24.4 6.3 6.3
2 Hong Kong, China 1,450.2 1,531.4 1,527.9 5.8 -0.2 8.9
3 United Kingdom 1,682.0 1,558.2 1,443.9 5.5 -7.3 -3.4
4 Japan 1,152.0 1,226.6 1,400.7 5.4 14.2 7.2
5 Germany 1,383.7 1,376.2 1,365.4 5.2 -0.8 -2.1
6 China 882.6 1,097.9 1,281.0 4.9 16.7 25.6
7 France 1,294.2 1,254.8 1,259.4 4.8 0.4 -0.1
8 Netherlands 1,045.4 1,116.9 1,256.0 4.8 12.5 4.0
9 Canada 1,089.9 1,074.1 1,220.0 4.7 13.6 5.4
10 Switzerland 1,085.4 1,129.8 1,130.9 4.3 0.1 -0.4
11 British Virgin Islands 675.4 771.9 866.8 3.3 12.3 15.1
12 Ireland 619.4 887.5 832.7 3.2 -6.2 22.4
13 Singapore 652.6 651.8 682.4 2.6 4.7 6.0
14 Spain 526.8 491.1 516.1 2.0 5.1 -5.7
15 Italy 490.7 467.3 460.4 1.8 -1.5 -3.0
16 Belgium 460.0 446.2 453.2 1.7 1.6 -10.5
17 Australia 446.4 390.3 401.5 1.5 2.9 -2.4
18 Sweden 402.1 374.3 382.2 1.5 2.1 -1.5
19 Russian Federation 329.8 282.7 335.8 1.3 18.8 -1.0
20 Taiwan 297.1 303.1 320.9 1.2 5.9 8.9
  All countries 24,685.7 24,925.2 26,159.7   5.0 3.7

Source: UNCTADstat database.
Last Updated: July 2017

Last Updated: 23 November 2016