Cablegram 131[A] LONDON, 20 August 1943, 7.38 p.m.
My telegram 130A.  Following is text of note sent to Prime
(1) It is of transcending importance that during the forthcoming
meeting between the Prime Minister and the President, agreement on
policy with regard to Post War security should be reached and
immediate action to implement such policy should be taken.
(2) The broad bases of such policy should be those outlined by the
Prime Minister at the Embassy lunch in Washington on the 22nd May.
(3) The policy suggested by the Prime Minister is one of great
vision, covers all the fundamentals, is free from unnecessary
detail such as would provoke controversy and, if jointly announced
by the Prime Minister, the President, and Stalin, would have an
electrifying effect upon the world.
(4) In view of recent developments time, however, may be short.
Unless agreement is reached while the war continues in Europe
there is grave doubt, in my view, whether the opportunity may not
(5) My reasons for this view are-
(a) United States of America. Reacting to the removal of the
danger in Europe and at the same time fortified by the continuance
of full co-operation by the British Empire in the Far East,
America will tend to lose interest in Europe, the hand of the
isolationists in their advocacy of non-intervention in Europe will
be strengthened, the people will begin to relax and the
administration will be increasingly handicapped by the approach of
the Presidental election (this view is borne out by the attitude
of the Americans, particularly Sumner Welles and Stimson, at the
Embassy lunch on May 22nd).
(b) Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. After the war Russia is
determined to make herself secure. This she will do either
respectably or disreputably. If there has been no agreement on the
[b]road  bases of Post War security, she will take action to
make herself dominant in East and South East Europe, e.g. East
Poland, Bessarabia, bases in Roumania, Sovietisation of the
Such action, which neither the United Kingdom nor the United
States of America will be in a position to prevent, will be
ruthlessly pursued and will create a position in Europe even worse
than that which existed prior to the war and will destroy all
hopes of the Post War world we are visualising.
I believe, however, Russia wants to be respectable and maintain
her position in the comity of nations to which she was restored by
the Anglo-Soviet treaty.  That treaty ended the fear and
inferiority complex that governed Russia for 20 years. There are
signs that these complexes are reasserting themselves. Early
action to prevent this is essential. The best form such action
could take would be an approach to the Russians for cooperation in
Post War security in which the position and importance of Russia
were fully recognised.