Cablegram 230 OTTAWA, 6 December 1943, 6.14 p.m.
Your 235.  Canadian Mutual Aid.
I saw Prime Minister yesterday and indicated position to him along
lines of your telegram. I have now received a reply making the
1. Ministers concerned regard it as essential to have general
declaration of liberal economic purposes included in all the
agreements. It is certain that there will be strong criticism of
Mutual Aid procedure at the next session of Parliament and
omission of reference to reduction of tariffs from agreements
would weaken greatly utility of the proposed Article as part of
reply to domestic critics. It could not be omitted from one
agreement without being omitted from all.
2. There is nothing in the proposed Article to which the
Australian and Canadian Governments are not already bound and it
is rather a mild reaffirmation of policies already in effect.
3. Change in course of war makes it more important from Canadian
point of view that proposed Article should be included since
interest and concern over post-war economic policies are now much
4. The proposed Article is a declaration of purpose and not a
Prime Minister appreciates position of Commonwealth Government but
having regard to foregoing points hopes that Australia will see
its way to agree to Article on lines now suggested. I understand
that Canadian Government anticipates no difficulty with United
Kingdom, China and Russia in connection with suggested draft.