Cablegram 431 WASHINGTON, 11 May 1944, 5.40 p.m.
I.L.O. Conference and Article Seven Discussions.
Having learned yesterday morning 10th May of the developments of
the previous evening at Philadelphia  and that Mr. Beasley
thought we might be able to assist, particularly by finding who in
the State Department was responsible for restraining the American
Delegation from agreeing, I saw Dean Acheson. 
From him I ascertained-
(1) That there had been a Conference or discussion of the question
with Mr. Hull by several officers.
(2) That it was thought to be out of the question for United
States of America to contemplate undertaking an obligation such as
that proposed, requiring economic measures of exact nature, extent
and consequences of which they could not foresee.
(3) That there was a definite objection to the I.L.O. itself
summoning an initial Conference.
(4) That Adolf Berle was the Assistant Secretary in charge of the
I communicated this information to Mr. Beasley and with his
approval in the afternoon I took the matter up with Mr. Berle. The
latter said that until, as I understood him, the Monday he had not
been informed of exactly what was proposed. He had felt that the
effect of undertaking an International obligation had not been
appreciated. Apart altogether from the position of the Senate an
obligation framed in the suggested terms could not be undertaken
by the American Government and he would think it surprising if
other Governments would commit themselves internationally to
economic measures of the kind described in whatever conditions
might prevail though it was true that in one case they would be
bound only to 'consider' the course indicated by the provision. He
then referred to the proposal that the I.L.O. should call a
conference and said that though he supported the I.L.O. it was
felt that this was going beyond its province.
I put before him the position in which the late intervention of
the State Department had placed Mr. Beasley and pointed out how
the Australia Delegation had been led by the American Delegation
into a course which the State Department had now disavowed and
suggested that some compromise would be still possible except for
the fetters placed on their Delegation. At the length after
discussion Mr. Berle said he would go up to Philadelphia first
thing this morning to see if he could produce a more satisfactory
result. I learn that he in fact has gone there this morning.