I went to see Cranborne. The object of my visit was to draw his
attention to the statement in the Prime Minister's note  on
'UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER' to the effect that he understood
Roosevelt, the United Kingdom and the U.S.S.R. were agreed that
Germany had to be broken up after the war.
I showed this paper of the Prime Minister's to Cranborne who
obviously had not seen it before. His reaction was that no
decision had been taken with regard to the future of Germany.
I pointed out to Cranborne that this was a question of the most
vital importance from the point of view of all the Dominions. Upon
this decision might depend the duration of the war and it would
certainly have a tremendous effect upon the post-war situation and
the possibility of a further world war. In these circumstances I
urged him that if the matter came up at any meeting at which I was
not present, that he had to take the strongest line with regard to
it, reminding the Prime Minister that no decision has yet been
taken on the subject by the War Cabinet here and also to make it
clear that no decision can be final until the Dominions have been
consulted and have had an opportunity of expressing their views.
Cranborne was as definite in his recollection as I was that the
present position is that on the only occasion when this matter was
discussed by the War Cabinet here, which was just prior to the
Moscow Conference, the discussion was rather a deplorable one and
opinion was divided in three different ways-
1. that Germany should continue after the war as before it
2. that she should be forcibly divided into small States, and
3. that the occupation should be on the basis of individual States
in the hope that these would lead to the Germans themselves
dividing the present German Reich into smaller States.
I reminded Cranborne that a decision with regard to Austria had
been taken notwithstanding the views expressed by Australia and by
Smuts.  I pointed out that in that case we had been confronted
with a fait accompli and that although I had urged my Government
to send a dignified protest they had decided not to do so. I said,
however, that I had little doubt as to the violent reaction there
would be if a decision were taken on the future of Germany without
our having had an opportunity of expressing our views.
S. M. B.