Cablegram 1338 WASHINGTON, 26 September 1946, 10.14 p.m.
F.E.C.240, Japanese Whaling.
1. Plimsoll received an aide-memoire from the State Department on
Japanese whaling today (sent you in F.E.C.239). 
2. He expressed regret that the United States Government had not
gone further to meet the desires of the Australian Government,
[particularly in regard to the employment of Allied] 
personnel, a point to which Australia attached great importance.
He said he would have to inform his Government of the aide-memoire
before a considered reply could be given, but in the meantime
offered the following comments.
3. He asked for further details about control of expeditions and
the role of the Japanese Government. Reply was that MacArthur
regarded arrangements as providing 'Allied Control'. Plimsoll said
that this did not seem very specific and that, even if proposed
United States plan were accepted some safeguards might be
necessary such as a public declaration by the Supreme Commander to
the effect that the expedition was an Allied one and in no sense a
Japanese expedition. The reply was that a statement to this effect
could be made. Plimsoll then asked what flag would be flown by the
Japanese. The reply was that it was 'assumed that the Japanese
flag would be flown'. Plimsoll thereupon stated that this would
not be acceptable to Australia, which could not agree to the
Japanese flag or any other sign of Japanese participation being
4. Plimsoll asked for more details of what Allied personnel would
be used. He said that Australia would not be satisfied with no
more than American inspectors on the factory ships (paragraph 3 of
the aidememoire) or that Allied personnel should be confined to
Americans. The reply was that MacArthur had been asked to supply
details of Allied personnel desired by him, and that his answer
had not yet been received.
5. Plimsoll said he could not agree that a directive to MacArthur
of 13th November, 1945, did not require prior consultation with
other powers. He said that arguments in paragraph 5 of the aide-
memoire were such as might have been made during consultation but
not such as to excuse absence of consultation. The reply was that
'off the record the American Government agrees but the official
attitude must be as in the aide-memoire'.
6. In regard to paragraph 6 of the aide-memoire Plimsoll pointed
out that consultation in future should not be confined to
'security factors'. The reply was that this point would be taken
care of. Australia would be informed of all proposed expeditions.
. .in the Antarctic or elsewhere, now that Australia could in the
course of these consultations raise matters other than security.
7. Plimsoll also pointed out as an aside that the amount of whale
meat that would be obtained would provide a very small part of the
Japanese food requirements.
8. Care has been taken here not to weaken in any way our stand on
the expedition. Norway's refusal to participate and United
Kingdom's willingness to accept Japanese crews, however, will
probably make it impossible to gain all our original points.
9. New Zealand and United Kingdom representatives here have been
informed of the aide-memoire and the interview.