Cablegram UN987 NEW YORK, 11 December 1946, 1.35 p.m.
(1) The Greek case  came before the Security Council yesterday
when four hours were spent debating whether or not Greece,
Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and Albania should be invited to participate
in discussion. Whereas all Members agreed that under Article 31
 Greece and Yugoslavia should be asked to participate several,
principally Netherlands and Australia, pointed out that Article 32
provided that non-Members could only be invited to participate in
discussions relating to disputes to which they were a party. If
and when it was determined that they were parties to a dispute
they could be invited to participate but for the time being should
only be asked to make statements of fact at invitation of Council.
(2) Gromyko debated stubbornly in favour of their full
participation in discussion from commencement but the Council
finally decided that for the time being Albania and Bulgaria
should only be asked to prepare statements.
(3) Australia took advantage of the above discussion to express
the view that the. Council should not immediately allow debate
between parties but concentrate on examination of facts in order
to make the preliminary determination whether or not it was a case
for investigation under Article 34, and if so, it should
immediately commence such investigation. Preliminary discussion
should concentrate on this point.
(4) As on all previous occasions, handling of this case will be
complicated by fear that Russia may claim and exercise veto on any
proposal for investigation, and will try to use the Council as a
forum where Soviet satellites can make contentious statements. It
is extremely difficult to stiffen other Members against these
tactics but we will continue to press the Australian policy of