Cablegram PC22  PARIS, 28 August 1946, 9.20 p.m.
My telegram PC20.  The following represents a summary of the
position reached in various Commissions up to this morning. A
daily cabled summary will be sent in future.
A. Political and Territorial Commission for Italy
1. First paragraph of the preamble was adopted unanimously.
Netherlands amendment to the first part of paragraph 2 was adopted
by 11 votes to 9 to read-'whereas Italy under the Fascist regime
became a party to the tripartite pact with Germany and Japan
undertook a war of aggression and thereby provoked a state of war
with all the Allied and associated powers etc.'
2. China moved an amendment on behalf of Belgium, Brazil, Canada,
Netherlands and China to paragraph 3 which was unanimously adopted
by the Commission. It reads-'whereas in consequence of the
victories of the Allied forces, and with the assistance of the
Democratic elements of the Italian people the Fascist regime in
Italy was overthrown on 25th July, 1943, and Italy having
surrendered unconditionally signed the terms of armistice on 3rd
September and 29  of the same year and'.
3. Netherlands amendment of the preamble 'whereas after the said
armistice the said armed forces both of the Government and the
Resistance Movement took an active part in the war against Germany
etc.' was adopted (Yugoslavia abstaining).
4. The first major discussion was on Australian proposals on human
rights. In the preamble the words-'conformity with the principles
of justice' were added after the word 'which' in the fourth
recital. Further consideration was deferred pending consideration
Australian proposal 'new part 10. Court of Human Rights'.
Australian amendment for Fact Finding Commission on boundary
questions was then discussed. This ended in Russia directly
attacking Australia on time wasting and failure to accept
considered conclusion of other bodies. I vigorously defended the
right of Australia and other members to put forward amendments and
to be given the facts.