Australia works across the Indo-Pacific region and beyond to support partner country efforts to tackle corruption, improve transparency and accountability, and enhance the quality and accessibility of law and justice services.
Our first priority is to ensure that Australian aid flows are protected from fraud. Information on how Australia does this is available on the fraud control program webpage.
At the bilateral level, we invest in a range of anti-corruption and justice initiatives. The largest of these are with Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Indonesia and Vanuatu. Information on country-level anti-corruption and justice initiatives is available on country program webpages.
At the regional and global level, DFAT funds and manages a range of investments to promote anti-corruption and justice reforms, including:
- the World Bank's Justice for the Poor Project for East Asia and the Pacific
- Transparency International’s Asia-Pacific Program
- the UN Pacific Regional Anti-Corruption Project (UN-PRAC), a joint venture of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the UN Development Programme (UNDP)
- the Stolen Asset Recovery (StAR) Initiative
- a UNODC-implemented program to combat and prevent corruption in South-East Asia and South Asia, particularly through the operation of the UN Convention against Corruption
- a UNDP-implemented corruption prevention program in South-East Asia and South Asia, focused on bringing a diverse range of stakeholders together to take concrete action against corruption,
- the Australian Attorney-General’s Department-implemented Indo-Pacific Justice and Security Program, and
- the U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre.
Other Australian government departments also administer Official Development Assistance-funded law and justice programs, including the Australian Federal Police and the Attorney General’s Department.
Australia’s law and justice assistance was evaluated by the Office of Development Effectiveness in 2012. For more information, see Building on Local Strengths: Evaluation of Australian law and justice assistance.
Australia is also a leading donor to the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) which supports greater transparency in the extractives sectors of resource-rich countries. The EITI requires governments and companies to publish payments and receipts of mining taxes and royalties. It is an international coalition of governments, multilateral organisations, companies and civil society.
Justice for the Poor Project for East Asia and the Pacific
The Justice for the Poor Program (J4P) improves access to justice for poor and marginalised communities by supporting community-level justice and governance reforms in countries where formal and traditional justice systems co-exist.
Australia supports J4P through a World Bank-managed trust fund for J4P activities in East Asia and Pacific. The trust fund has supported activities in Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Indonesia, Timor Leste and Vanuatu over the past seven years, with activities scheduled to 2019.
World Bank Justice for the Poor
Transparency International’s Asia-Pacific Program
Transparency International is a global civil society movement that combats corruption and helps communities to strengthen transparency, accountability and integrity. Australia supports Transparency International's work in the Indo-Pacific region through a $6.89 million, four-year grant to its Asia-Pacific Department. The current Australian-funded program focusses on four goals:
- Enhanced social accountability and the role of civil society
- Strengthened anti-corruption legislation
- Strengthened anti-corruption organisations and enforcement of anti-corruption systems; and
- Demonstrated business integrity.
Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative (StAR)
The Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative (StAR) is a joint initiative between the World Bank and the UN Office on Drugs and Crime. StAR works with developing countries and financial centres to prevent the laundering of the proceeds of corruption and facilitate timely return of stolen assets.
UNODC and UNDP programs
Australia supports the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the UN Development Programme (UNDP) to prevent and combat corruption globally, with a particular focus on the Indo-Pacific. A key focus of these UN agencies is the effective implementation of UN Convention against Corruption, which is the internationally agreed framework for combating and preventing corruption at global and national levels. Australia ratified the Convention in 2005.
UNODC Joint Action towards a Global Regime against Corruption (South-East Asia and South Asia) Project
Australia is providing $7.47 million from October 2016 to September 2020 UNODC to strengthen anti-corruption legislative, regulatory and policy frameworks in South-East Asia and South Asia, including through enhancing the implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption.
UNDP Anti-corruption for Peaceful and Inclusive Societies (ACPI) in the Asia-Pacific
Australia is providing $6.56 million from October 2016 to September 2020 to support the UNDP to deliver technical assistance and community awareness raising initiatives to prevent corruption. Key focus areas for this work will be preventing corruption public service delivery and disseminating evidence to policymakers on why and how to develop anti-corruption policies. This will include commissioning research on emerging anti-corruption themes such as the connection between violent extremism and corruption.
Joint UNDP-UNODC Pacific Regional Anti-Corruption Program (UN-PRAC)
Australia is providing $5.65 million from July 2016 to June 2020 to promote the ratification and implementation of the Convention against Corruption, and related anti-corruption policies and practices, in Pacific Island countries. The UNODC and UNDP are jointly managing this investment, with the former bringing deep technical expertise on anti-corruption policy and the latter expertise in brokering dialogue between a wide range of stakeholders.
Indo-Pacific Justice and Security Program.
The Indo-Pacific Justice and Security Program (IP-JuSP) is an investment to promote development in the Indo-Pacific region by assisting partner countries to strengthen their legal, policy and institutional responses to transnational crime and violent extremism.
The Australian Attorney-General’s Department (AGD) will implement IP-JuSP, drawing on its deep technical expertise and peer-to-peer credibility.
In its first year of operation, IP-JuSP will focus on engaging with several developing countries in Southeast and South Asia to enhance their legal and policy responses to financial crime and illicit financial flows, exploitative irregular migration, violent extremism and international crime cooperation. IP-JuSP will only undertake activities which partner countries have specifically requested, and it has the flexibility to adjust its focus as issues emerge in future years.
The investment will deliver assistance for:
- more comprehensive laws and policies to combat transnational crime and counter violent extremism;
- more effective implementation of laws and policies to combat transnational crime and counter violent extremism; and
- improved regional cooperation and coordinated responses to security, transnational crimes and violent extremism in the region.
An additional benefit of this investment will be strengthened networks and relationships between Australian justice and security officials and their peers in the region.
The investment complements Australia’s existing bilateral and regional engagements in the Indo-Pacific, and builds on AGD’s strong track record at providing this kind of support in this region. It reflects Australia’s commitment to promoting enhanced security, effective governance and the rule of law in our neighbourhood, in line with the Sustainable Development Goals (particularly Goal 16).
Please email ILA@ag.gov.au for further information about IP-JuSP.
U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre
Australia supports the U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre, a think tank and web-based resource centre for development practitioners through a AUD$1, 050,000.00 grant over 2018–2020.