How we are helping
2019-20 Budget Estimate:
Why we give aid
Population growth, rapid urbanisation and industrialisation have fuelled global demand for metals, minerals, oil and gas, creating rapid growth in investment. The extractives and energy sectors drive trade, economic growth and development in the Indo-Pacific region by creating jobs and boosting government revenues. However, investment in developing countries' extractives sectors comes with many challenges. Many resource-rich developing countries perform worse than less-endowed countries on human development indicators.
Australia aims to support developing countries to maximise sustainable benefits from their natural resources, while helping them overcome the challenges. Through engagement in the extractives sector we can assist resource-rich developing countries to strengthen relationships with the private sector, improve governance and revenue management and build technical skills. Continued support in this area is also important for businesses wanting to trade with, and invest in, stable and predictable overseas environments.
How we give aid
We work with multilateral organisations, other government agencies, non-government organisations, universities and the private sector to assist partner governments to maximise the development potential of their extractives sectors. Our activities focus on strengthening the capacity of governments in the Indo-Pacific region and Africa.
Multilateral approaches have proven effective to reduce corruption and improve the transparency, accountability and management of extractives related payments, benefitting both host countries and investors:
- Australia provides funding to the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) International Secretariat, the Extractives Global Programmatic Support (EGPS) Multi-donor Trust Fund managed by the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund's work on managing natural resource wealth.
- Australia is a government member of the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights Initiative, which provides practical human rights guidelines to support extractives sector operations.
- As a major diamond producer, Australia is also active in the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme, a joint government, industry and civil society initiative to stem the flow of conflict diamonds.
Important examples of Australia's results to date through global extractives sector initiatives include:
- Trained more than 2000 people from over 50 developing countries through 90 short courses, workshops and study tours under the International Mining for Development Centre (IM4DC), in partnership with the University of Western Australia and the University of Queensland.
- Australian Awards in the mining sector, which build an engaged and influential network of leaders, advocates and change-makers. Since 2011/12 more than 300 mining related scholarships and fellowships have been provided for study at 35 Australian institutions.
- The Leading Practice Sustainable Development Program for the Mining Industry which has developed fifteen handbooks to address key issues related to sustainable development of the extractives sector. These handbooks have been translated into six languages.
- The establishment of the IM4DC Alumni Network that currently supports over 1800 alumni and faculty who have participated in study tours, short courses, fellowships and scholarships delivered by the Minerals and Energy for Development Alliance (MEfDA), International Mining for Development Centre (IM4DC), Australia-Africa Partnerships Facility (AAPF), and Australia Awards.
- The Australia Awards – Africa program is Australia's flagship development program to Africa. These awards strengthen local capabilities and build an engaged and influential network of leaders, advocates and change-makers.
Australia is engaged in extractives sector activities in several countries in the Asia-Pacific region and in Africa. These activities form a critical part of the economic development portfolio of each country or region:
- In Myanmar, Australia and the UK are co-funding the Natural Resource Governance Institute to support local civil society organisations to improve extractives governance and engage in Burma's EITI process.
- In Mongolia we commenced the delivery of the Australia-Mongolia Extractives Program in 2015 to increase the benefits for the Mongolian people of the development of the resources sector in Mongolia.
- In Papua New Guinea we are supporting PNG's EITI candidacy and have supported the Autonomous Bougainville Government to strengthen governance arrangements for extractive industries, with a focus on enhancing community consultation, pro-poor revenue distribution and regulating small-scale mining.
- In Africa, we have supported more than 450 mining related courses, scholarships and fellowships since 2011/12, including 375 short course awards delivered by universities in Africa and Australia on extractives governance. We have also supported African led initiatives such as the African Minerals Development Centre, as well as skills development, community partnerships and governance reform in a number of countries including Mozambique, Zambia and Tanzania.
DFAT's future extractives support in the region will build on work undertaken to date, and will explore new directions in the energy sector. There will be a continued emphasis on improving extractives governance, revenue management and benefit sharing. An APEC Mining Sub Fund inaugurated by DFAT will enable countries in the region to build cooperation between governments and the private sector. DFAT seeks to collaborate more closely with the private sector, including through sharing infrastructure and services. We will also work with other bilateral donors to ensure our support helps developing countries maximise returns from their largest economic assets to drive their own economic growth and development.