In Afghanistan, widespread vulnerability to poverty, natural hazards and protracted conflict fuel instability and hinder development and economic growth. To help address this, Australian support aims to strengthen rural populations' access to economic opportunities and to protect their livelihoods against shocks.
Support is delivered through targeted bilateral programming, including through the Australia Afghanistan Community Resilience Scheme, in partnership with Australian and international NGOs, and funding to the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. Through our support to the World Bank Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund, we are also providing on-budget funding for the Afghan Government's national agriculture, rural development and rural infrastructure projects.
Australia is also helping to meet the immediate, life-saving needs of vulnerable populations affected by conflict and natural disasters by continuing to provide flexible, responsive and coordinated humanitarian assistance across the country. Our humanitarian activities focus on improving food security through the World Food Programme and supporting rapid responses to the most critical needs through the United Nations Afghanistan Humanitarian Fund.
Australia Afghanistan Community Resilience Scheme (AACRS)
$25 million, 2014-2018
The AACRS brings together five international NGOs and the Afghan Government in a partnership that aims to improve the livelihoods and resilience of rural communities in eight provinces. AACRS partners promote improved agricultural practices, build more responsive and inclusive institutions, and support market linkages. The program has a focus on women and marginalized communities. Our partner NGOs are Action Aid Australia, the Aga Khan Foundation Afghanistan, CARE Australia, Oxfam Australia and World Vision Australia.
Addressing Food Insecurity and Undernutrition in Afghanistan
$25.4 million, 2014-2017
Through a flexible, multi-year agreement with the World Food Program, Australia is providing emergency and relief food assistance to populations affected by conflict and natural disasters. This includes targeted supplementary feeding for women and children; and food rations for men and women who attend vocational skills training, with the aim of strengthening livelihoods in food insecure households. In October 2016, Australia also provided $4.5 million to the UN Flash Appeal for Afghanistan.
Supporting High Priority Humanitarian Needs in Afghanistan
$24 million, 2014-2017
The United Nations Office of Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs-administered Afghanistan Humanitarian Fund (AHF) is a multi-donor funding mechanism that allows timely, efficient and coordinated responses to high-priority humanitarian needs in the country. Australia is a major contributor to the Fund and is a member of the AHF Advisory Board. In 2015, our support helped meet the emergency health, nutrition and protection needs of some of the 3.8 million Afghans most in need of assistance.
Agricultural Research for Development
$17.7 million, 2012-17
In partnership with the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), we are working to improve the quality and availability of grain varieties and livestock food resources, and promote watershed development, thereby improving food security and smallholder productivity in water restricted areas.