The Indian Ocean island nation of Madagascar possesses a rich and unique biodiversity. Partly due to its isolation, most of Madagascar's mammals, half of its birds, and most of its plants cannot be found anywhere else in the world. Madagascar's economy depends on agriculture, including fishing and forestry, with a growing mining sector, particularly ilmenite and gemstones. Several projects are also underway in the oil and gas sectors.

The population of Madagascar is over 26 million (2018). The official languages are Malagasy and French. After a period of political upheaval following the 2009 coup, democratic elections took place in 2013. A consensus governmentwas appointed in June 2018 and presidential elections are scheduled for late 2018.  Madagascar is a member of the Southern African Development Community, the Indian Ocean Commission and the Indian Ocean Rim Association. Australia's diplomatic representation to Madagascar is from the High Commission in Port Louis, Mauritius with an Honorary Consul in Antananarivo. Madagascar is represented by an Honorary Consul- Generalbased in Sydney.

Economic and trade information

Madagascar country/economy fact sheet [PDF 31 KB]

Travel information

Heads of Government

Includes Heads of State, Prime Ministers, Foreign, Trade and Aid Ministers.

Embassies and consulates


The Australian High Commission in Mauritius is responsible for Madagascar


Consulate-General of the Republic of Madagascar

Last Updated: 26 April 2019