The Republic of Mauritius is an Indian Ocean island state with a population of 1.27 million (July 2019). A former colony of France and Britain, Mauritius’ national language is English, but the majority of the population speak Creole or French.
Mauritius is a parliamentary republic. Current Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth, leader of the Alliance Morisien, was re-elected in November 2019. Mauritius is a member of the Commonwealth and the Southern African Development Community. Both the Indian Ocean Rim Association and the Indian Ocean Commission have their headquarters in Mauritius.
Mauritius has transformed its economy away from its former reliance on sugar cane. It is seeking to develop into a regional hub for financial services, ICT and education, and a business gateway to Africa. It was the top-ranked African country in the World Economic Forum's 2019 Global Competitiveness Report and ranked first for Sub-Saharan Africa in the World Bank’s Doing Business 2020 Report.
Australia is the main supplier of a range of primary food products (meat, dairy) to Mauritius and our links in education and the blue economy are growing. The Mauritius Board of Investment lists more than 100 Australian companies under its global business arrangements. Mauritius is home to a large number of alumni of Australian universities with many active in senior levels in business and government. At around 30,000 (2016), Australia is home to the largest Mauritian diaspora.
Australia maintains a High Commission in Port Louis. Mauritius is represented in Australia by a High Commission in Canberra and has four Honorary Consuls in Australia, based in Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne and Perth. Australia and Mauritius will celebrate 50 years of official diplomatic relations in 2020.
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