Namibia is located along the south west coast of Africa facing the south Atlantic Ocean. It borders Angola, Botswana and South Africa and was formerly a German colony. During World War I, South Africa occupied Namibia and later annexed it as a territory. Namibia gained its independence in 1990. It is a member of the Commonwealth and the Southern African Development Community.
Namibia's territory includes the Namib and Kalahari deserts and it is hot and prone to droughts. It is the first country in the world to incorporate the protection of the environment into its constitution. Namibia has a small population of approximately 2.6 million (2018), most of whom live in rural areas and rely on subsistence agriculture. Namibia has large reserves of various minerals, notably diamonds and uranium, and mining is a major contributor to the Namibian economy.
Australia's diplomatic representation to Namibia is from the High Commission in Pretoria, South Africa, assisted by an Honorary Consul in Windhoek. Namibia is represented in Australia by an Honorary Consul-General in Sydney.
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