Although named after the Niger River which flows in the country's south-west, Niger is predominantly a desert country, with the Sahara Desert occupying about 80 per cent of the country's landmass. Niger's capital city is Niamey.
Niger's economy is focused to a large extent on subsistence crops, livestock and uranium mining (the country has some of the world's largest uranium reserves). Niger also has substantial reserves of oil and other resources.
French-speaking Niger is a member of La Francophonie, the Economic Community of West African States and the African Union.
Australia's Ambassador to Niger is resident in Abuja, in neighbouring Nigeria.
Heads of Government
Includes Heads of State, Prime Ministers, Foreign, Trade and Aid Ministers.