On 9 September 2016, the Australian Government announced a major package of Australian support to manage climate change and improve resilience in the Pacific. Over the next four years (2016-2020) Australia will spend $300 million on climate change and resilience activities in Pacific Island countries, including $75 million for disaster preparedness. This is an additional $80 million on previous levels, funded through existing aid resources. These investments will be based on Pacific national priorities.
Australia is also working to help the Pacific maximise access to Green Climate Fund (GCF) resources. Australia has committed $200 million over four years to the Green Climate Fund, supporting developing countries address climate change. As Co-Chair of the Green Climate Fund Board (The Board), Australia is working to strengthen the effectiveness of the Fund, to leverage investment from the private sector, and to improve access to the Fund. With Australia's support the Board has approved five Pacific climate projects in Fiji, Tuvalu, Cook Islands, Samoa and Vanuatu, up to US$165 million.
The Board has approved a further $1 million under the GCF Readiness and Preparatory Support Programme to assist six Pacific countries (Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia; Kiribati, Niue, Palau and Vanuatu) to build capacity to engage with and access the GCF.
Further information on the Green Climate Fund.
Climate and Oceans Support Program in the Pacific
$39 million, 2012-2018
The Climate and Oceans Support Program for the Pacific (COSPPac) is a seven year program delivered by the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BoM) in partnership with 14 Pacific national meteorological services. Its overall objective is to enable the national meteorological services and other relevant in-country agencies to better understand and use climate, ocean and sea- level products for the benefit of island communities and governments. Work is structured in three areas — capacity development and communications, climate and ocean monitoring and prediction, and sea level monitoring.
Pacific Risk Resilience Program
$16.95 million, 2012-2018
The Pacific Risk Resilience Program (PRRP) is strengthening the resilience to disasters and climate change of four disaster-prone Pacific Island countries - Fiji, Solomon Islands, Tonga and Vanuatu. It is funded by the Australian Government and implemented through a partnership between UNDP and an Australian NGO, Live & Learn Environmental Education (LLEE), which manages the community aspect of this Program. The Program's major objective is to support a strong enabling environment for risk governance to empower communities to identify risks and needs, and formulate and implement sustainable responses.
Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Program (SPREP)
$4 million per annum
Australia provides $4 million per annum to the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Program (SPREP). Headquartered in Apia, Samoa, SPREP is an intergovernmental environment organization assisting countries and territories of the Pacific to better manage their environments and to give greater prominence to environmental issues in the Pacific. With 26 member states, SPREP comprises five divisions: Biodiversity and Ecosystem Management, Waste Management and Pollution Control, Climate Change, Environmental Monitoring and Governance and Corporate. SPREP has actively led key regional processes, including the Pacific Climate Change Roundtable and the Disaster Roundtable and the Pacific Meteorological Council. These fed into the successful development of the Integrated Framework for Resilient Development in the Pacific (FRDP), which was endorsed by Pacific Island Forum Leaders in September 2016.
Coping with Climate Change in the Pacific Island Region
$2.3 million, 2016-2018
Working in partnership with GIZ, Australia is providing $2.3 million to assist Pacific Island countries to better access and manage global climate finance, with a focus on the Green Climate Fund.
Climate Change Information in the Pacific (iCLIM)
$1.5 million, 2015-2018
Pacific iCLIM is delivered through a partnership with Griffith University and SPREP. The goal of the Pacific iCLIM project is to enable better climate change resilience and adaptation planning in the Pacific region, by improving the ability of regional bodies and governments to discover, store, access and utilise climate change information and data.
$1 million, 2015-2018
Delivered by Geoscience Australia, the PacSAFE project is providing Pacific Island Countries with tools to better understand disaster impacts in their country. The project is engaging with representatives from national disaster management offices and related agencies in Tonga and Fiji who are involved in planning, preparing and responding to natural disasters.
PacSAFE is a desktop tool based on QGIS and InaSAFE, designed and developed for non-Geographic Information System (GIS) users. The Pacific Community (SPC) developed an earlier version of PacSAFE for urban planners to interact with hazard data and asset data, such as the Pacific Catastrophic Risk and Financing Initiative (PCRAFI) asset database. The new PacSAFE tool will offer a simple but rigorous way to combine data from technical specialists, local governments and communities to provide insights into the likely impacts of future disaster events, the requirements for response and action checklists for emergency managers.
Science-based Climate Information Services in the Pacific
Delivered through a partnership with CSIRO and SPREP, this project is helping Pacific Island Countries access and use recent climate research findings. Better awareness will enable Pacific governments and local communities to make the right adaptation decision using science-based evidence.