Australia supports the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinians in the Near East (UNRWA) to provide basic services (education and health), livelihood opportunities and protection for Palestinian refugees in the West Bank, Gaza, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan and to improve living conditions in refugee camps and in the community. Australia also contributed to the United Nations’ Humanitarian Fund in 2018.
Partnership with United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA)
$84 million, 2016-2020
UNRWA is the UN agency mandated to assist over five million Palestinian refugees in the West Bank, Gaza, Lebanon, Jordan and Syria. Australia’s $80 million multi-year Strategic Partnership Framework (2016-2020) provides core funding to UNRWA. Australia provided $2.5 million to UNRWA’s ‘Emergency Appeal to the Palestinian Territories 2017’. In 2017-18, Australia contributed $26.5 million to UNRWA, which included a supplementary $1.5 million to UNRWA's 'Emergency Appeal for the Palestinian Territories 2018’.
UNRWA plays a key role in maintaining a degree of social and economic stability for Palestinian refugees. UNRWA fosters the human development of Palestinian refugees through delivering high quality, cost-effective public services in education, health care, relief and social services, microfinance, infrastructure and refugee camp improvement, emergency assistance (in many cases, food and cash assistance) and protection. The deterioration of security, and political and economic conditions, has made refugees increasingly reliant on UNRWA for these essential services in recent years.
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Australia has provided $10 million to the UN’s Humanitarian Fund 2018 for the Palestinian Territories. This funding directly contributes to the Humanitarian Response Plan 2018-2020 to address needs in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The Humanitarian Fund facilitates health, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) and shelter support. More than 75 per cent of funding is being spent in Gaza where the humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate.
Australia NGO Cooperation Program (ANCP)
In 2018-19, the Australian NGO Cooperation Program provided approximately $389,913 to three accredited NGOs to deliver projects in the Palestinian Territories. Anglican Overseas Aid's activity improved the survival rate of women with breast cancer in Gaza. Act for Peace's activity supported primary healthcare and vocational training for Palestinian families in Gaza and ActionAid Australia's activity empowered women through business and skills training.