Our support to improve wellbeing in Timor-Leste is focused on delivering higher quality frontline services to greater numbers of Timorese including those most vulnerable such as women and girls and people with disability. Through our $120 million (2016-21) Partnership for Human Development (PHD) program, we are taking a consolidated, joined up approach to addressing Timor-Leste's human development challenges, by supporting:
- quality basic education
- maternal, neonatal, and child health services
- access to clean water and improved sanitation and hygiene
- improved nutrition
- access to quality services for survivors of violence and people with disability.
We aim to ensure these services meet good-practice standards, engage communities, empower women and are accessible, including to people with disability.
Australia's Nabilan: Ending Violence Against Women program works across government and civil-society organisations to prevent violence as well as provide services and access to justice for survivors of violence.
Partnership for Human Development
Up to $120 million, 2016-2021
The Australia-Timor-Leste Partnership for Human Development (PHD) delivers Australia's development assistance in health, education, water, sanitation, nutrition, gender equality, disability and social protection under one consolidated, multi-sectoral approach. It will work towards strategic objective 2 of Australia's Timor-Leste Aid Investment Plan: enhancing human development. The goal of PHD is to support improved wellbeing of all people in Timor-Leste.
Video: See how Australia and Timor-Leste's new partnership will build a healthy, educated and prosperous Timor-Leste
A number of existing activities are continuing under this consolidated program:
The focus of Australia's basic education support is on improving learning outcomes, specifically literacy and numeracy in the early years, through building school leadership capacity, improved teacher practice and education sector policy and systems. A key focus is to support implementation of the Ministry of Education's child-centred basic education curriculum and strengthening teaching practice.
Australia is providing direct support to the Ministry of Education to improve teacher quality and student learning through the Professional Learning and Mentoring program. The program was launched in April 2016 and involves tailored training for school leaders, backed up by regular classroom observation and in-classroom mentoring of teachers by international and national mentors. The program will be rolled out nationally over five years. Australia also supports the Ministry of Education to distribute its new national curriculum.
Australia is also supporting the Alola Foundation, a Timorese non-government organisation, to deliver components of the Professional Learning and Mentoring Program, with a focus on teacher training and to provide mobile library services to schools and communities throughout Timor-Leste. More than 200 scholarships are provided each year for disadvantaged girls to complete secondary school, assisting with education costs and living expenses such as transport, food and clothing.
Australia funds the Catholic Institute for Teacher Education to provide a recognised Bachelor of Education program to approximately 50 student teachers annually and to also deliver the Professional Learning and Mentoring Program.
Australia is funding the Mother Tongue Pilot through the UNESCO National Commission. Under the pilot, the Timor-Leste Government's Mother Tongue Policy is being implemented in 11 schools across three districts to improve literacy and numeracy.
Australia is the largest bilateral donor supporting Timor-Leste's health sector and focuses support on improving maternal and child health. The program aims to improve the continuum of care for maternal and child health including family planning and antenatal care, delivery and postnatal care.
Australia is funding midwifery training to ensure safe births and quality postnatal care for women. The Liga Inan 'Connecting Mums' program is using simple mobile phone technology to facilitate communication and build trust between expectant and new mothers and community health workers.
Australia is working directly with the Ministry of Health to improve health transport. The Health Ambulance and Transport project operates across Timor-Leste with almost 100 ambulances and multi-function vehicles delivering lifesaving transport to patients, 35 per cent of which are pregnant mothers experiencing complications.
Together with the Timorese Ministry of Health, the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons is implementing the Family Medicine Program to develop the clinical skills of more than 200 junior doctors, including future general practitioners and tertiary specialists in Surgery, Paediatrics, Obstetrics, Anaesthesia and Internal Medicine.
Australia is supporting Marie Stopes Timor-Leste to provide family planning services nationally. 38,000 couples received family planning services in 2017.
Australia is also funding health systems strengthening with support to improving national health information systems and public financial management.
Water and sanitation
Hamutuk – Nutrition Collective Impact Pilot
$3 million, 2015-2019
Australia's is supporting investment so more women and children have improved nutrition status. This is being achieved by supporting a nutrition focus across other human development investments, through delivery of the President's Nutrition Awards Program, Hamutuk – the Nutrition Collective Impact Pilot, and broader support for government-led nutrition initiatives.
The Nutrition Collective Impact Pilot, known as 'Hamutuk' (meaning 'together') is a four-year innovative nutrition program ($3 million, 2015-2019). Hamutuk is a collaboration of more than 20 government and non-government organisations from multiple sectors working together to reduce the prevalence of stunting in children under two-years of age.
The President's Nutrition Awards Program (PNP) was initiated by His Excellency (H.E), the former President of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, Taur Matan Ruak, in 2013. It was designed to raise the awareness of the nutrition situation in Timor-Leste. The main component of the Program is the President's Nutrition Awards, in which sucos or women's groups are recognised for outstanding actions to promote and improve nutrition in their communities. Australia is partnering with H.E Francisco Guterres to continue this important program.
Australia is also supporting nutrition sensitive activities in the health, WASH and education programs of the Partnership for Human Development.
Ending Violence Against Women in Timor-Leste
Up to $32 million, 2014-2022
Australia's Nabilan: Ending Violence Against Women program is implemented by The Asia Foundation and works across government and civil-society organisations to prevent violence as well as provide services and access to justice for survivors of violence.
By 2017, Nabilan had supported local partners to provide more than 17,000 services to women and children affected by violence since 2014. These services include legal aid, counselling and safe housing. As a result of the program's work with the justice system through continued legal education for judges and prosecutors, and court monitoring, courts are applying tougher sentences for perpetrators. In 2015-16, Nabilan undertook the first nation-wide prevalence study on violence against women and children which has influenced government policy, including the national action plan on gender-based violence, and is informing activities of local and international partners. In 2016-17, Nabilan expanded its violence prevention work to 2494 people (1268 women and 1226 men). Surveys before and after the interventions confirmed that interventions have changed attitudes towards gender equality and violence.
National Village Development Program (PNDS) and PNDS Support Program
Up to $48.4 million, 2012-2018
The Timor-Leste Government's National Village Development Program (Programa Nasional Desenvolvimentu Suku—PNDS) provides annual grants of around US$50,000 to communities across Timor-Leste for small scale infrastructure projects. These projects include building or refurbishing water systems, irrigation channels, bridges, motorbike paths or market places, as well as refurbishment of schools or health posts. The program uses a community-driven development approach that empowers local communities to lead the decision-making process regarding their projects, and guides communities to build and manage their infrastructure.
Australia does not directly fund grants, but assists the Government through the PNDS Support Program to establish operational procedures, corporate systems such as finance and human resource management and monitoring and evaluation processes. Australia's support also fosters Timor-Leste Government leadership and management of the program.
Our support to PNDS has helped more than 250,000 people be involved in decisions about how to develop and improve their villages since the start of the program in 2012.